Pluralism, state autonomy, or elitism
- Paper instructions:
· Write a paper in which you express a judgment about which theory—pluralism, state autonomy, or elitism—best describes wealth and power in the United States. Address the following points:
o Describe your participation in political activities.
o Assess how these activities may have influenced your judgment.
o Describe what evidence supports your appraisal beyond personal experience.
o Decide if the general good is sacrificed for the good of powerful elite and special interests based on your appraisal of the theories. Defend your position.
o Discuss the validity of class domination theory.
o Describe why it is important to understand distributions and concentrations of wealth, power, and influence in the United States, and why it matters.
o Make mention of why this topic should be relevant.
PoliticsAccording to Berry and Lower (1987), there are three theories that attempt to describe the structure of power in the US. First, the most dominant of the three is pluralism that is firmly held by the general society and founded by the classical liberalists in the past three centuries ago. In the United States’ case, pluralism takes a view that there are multiple power centers hence the term pluralism. The other theory is state autonomy which is a general view of the most recent civilization in the West that emphasizes that the government being an independent system; it is therefore the most central power center. The third theory of elitism is the most recent prescribing leaders of big organizations to be largely dominating all the developed societies including the US. It is also worth noting that these theories overlap each other on some issues. For instance, pluralists view that interest groups form coalitions on various issues while the elites emphasize on interdependence between the non-elites and the elites. My participation in politics has been through voluntary well organized groups often formed on the basis of economic interests such as bankers, industrialists and labor unions. These groups come together in different coalitions based on particular issues. Through this, pluralists demonstrate clearly the dominance of non-business interests groups especially the labor unions since early 1930s to date in governance (Domhoff, 2006). Pluralism best describes power and wealth in the United States since the theory is based on a free market economy where politicians compete for popularity in the electoral arena the same way capitalists look for consumers in the market place. Just like the market place has given the buyers sovereignty and freedom, so does the electoral system give the voters the freedom to choose their best candidates. From this view, power comes from the grassroots as citizens in the United States form voluntary associations that attempt to influence public opinion. Pluralism works in the same manner as a liberal economy. Politicians search for support from voters in the society the same way businessmen compete for buyers in the market-place. The same way the market gives customers freedom and sovereignty, so does the electoral system give voters freedom. CLICK HERE FOR HELP ON THIS PAPER……………………. Pluralists also hold a view that corporate heads lack unity and they cannot therefore control the government meaning that all government resources cannot be managed or accumulated to a specific group of individuals. For this reason, as a pluralist country, United States policy empowers citizens and not those in power. In the modern life, the United States is dominated by class of separate organizations and groups of people working separately on a number of common issues such as trade agreements, taxes and labor union that set rules within which wages are paid. It is important to understand the distribution of wealth and concentration of power in the US to enable right policy initiation that ensures equitable distribution of government resources to the citizens. The topic is relevant because it enlightens learners to have a better understanding of how their government is run and the forces behind what they experience in the day to day life. The way people vote is defined by the mechanisms, by which political candidates promise to bring positive changes in the economy of the country, therefore this topic is informative and enlightening.
REFERENCESBerry, D. & Lowery, D. (1987). Understanding United States government growth: An empirical analysis of the post-war era. New York: Praeger.Domhoff, G. (2006). Who rules America? Power, politics and social change. New York: McGraw-Hill.