A nationally representative study of the assocation between communication impairment at 4-5 years and children’s life activities at 7-9 years old
One of the forms of writing in Communication Disorders is the dissemination of research findings. For this assignment you are to write a detailed proposal for an experimental study comparing treatment methods or comparing diagnostic methods in Communication Disorders. You will not actually do the study, but the proposal must be written as if you were. There must be sufficient detail that another individual could read your proposal and have enough information to conduct the study exactly as you would have done it. Think of it as a recipe. Because CMD322 is a course in technical writing, not research design, the focus of this assignment is on clear writing that follows the expected format. Your proposed study must be reasonable, logical, and do-able (don’t propose to have 10 million participants!). However, advanced knowledge of research methods or statistics is not required.
The proposal should be about 10 pages in length.
You are to select any topic in you choose with the following conditions:
1) The topic must be specific to communication disorders treatment methods or diagnostic methods. Although many factors such as cognition, personality, behavior, physical disorders, etc. certainly impact communication, these cannot be the focus of the study.
2) The study must be a comparison of two (or more) treatment or diagnostic methods for one or more specific communication disorders. Note that “no treatment” (i.e. a control group) qualifies as a treatment method. A simple, clearly defined study is preferable to a complex, imprecisely defined one. You will have to specify all four PICO (Population,
Intervention, Comparison, Outcomes) elements for your study.
The format of the proposal should be similar to the articles/references you will read when doing your literature review. Look at how the authors of those studies wrote up their research and use those articles as models. You must use APA (American Psychological Association) writing style. The proposal should be written in the future tense.
The proposal is to be organized as follows:
Choose something that describes your study in a brief but informative manner. Generally, titles refer to methodology rather than providing results: Look at the titles of the articles you read for your literature review as examples.
A short summary of your proposal-should be only a few hundred words. Although this appears first in your final copy, do the actual writing LAST, after you have written everything else.
C) Introduction and Literature Review
Explain the background information and available knowledge about your topic. You must include at least 10 peer-reviewed articles in your literature review. Write a paragraph or two (more if necessary) briefly describing each article, focusing on what their findings were and how they contribute to your topic.
D) Statement of the Problem:
In some articles you read you may find that this is a separate section; in others it is the last paragraph or two of the Introduction/Literature Review. This section is a statement of what your study is designed to do. (i.e. Why are you doing this study?) In this assignment it must contain all 4 of the PICO elements, although it does not have to be in the form of a question. This statement can be one or more sentences if necessary.
This is where you give your recipe instructions for what will happen in the study. There should be sufficient detail that anyone can read this section and be able to actually do the study. Do not limit yourself to just the suggested items mentioned below in each section—be complete. This generally takes several pages of writing. In some cases you may need references (in APA style) here.
There are two subsections::
1. Participants (aka “subjects”). This describes who will be studied (and how many). You must describe such aspects as ages, gender, disorder, location or setting from whence they will be recruited. etc. Give as much detail as is relevant.
2. Procedures: This is where you describe, step-by-step what will happen. Describe how the subjects will be divided into groups (if appropriate), What measurements will be made, how, and when, etc. What treatments will be given, when , how, etc.. What instruments, tools, etc. will you use. (add anything else that would clarify the procedures)
F). Expected results
In a completed study, you would then report the data you obtained (Results) and then what those results mean (Discussion). Because you will not actually do the study, you will not have any data. Do not make up any numbers or data, but explain, in several paragraphs what you expect to happen if/when you do the study.
List all studies cited and any other references use throughout the proposal. Use APA style