What a query execution plan? 2. Discuss the reasons for converting SQL queries into relational algebra queries before optimization is done. 3. Explain the three factors that influence the cost of a query. 4. A file of 4096 blocks is to be sorted with an available buffer space of 64 blocks. How many passes will be needed in the merge phase of the external sort-merge algorithm? 5. In a particular transaction, the number of file blocks of data to be fetched is 6 while the size of entire file is 2048 blocks; evaluate the number of initial runs the transaction has to make. 6. How does a query tree represent a relational algebra expression? What is meant by an execution of a query tree? Discuss the rules for transformation of query tree, and identify when each rule should be applied during optimization. 7. Query optimization is a misnomer. Explain 8. Consider the following S table from a students’ database;

What a query execution plan?

1. Discuss the reasons for converting SQL queries into relational algebra queries before optimization is done.
2. Explain the three factors that influence the cost of a query.
3. A file of 4096 blocks is to be sorted with an available buffer space of 64 blocks. How many passes will be needed in the merge phase of the external sort-merge algorithm?
4. In a particular transaction, the number of file blocks of data to be fetched is 6 while the size of entire file is 2048 blocks; evaluate the number of initial runs the transaction has to make.
5. How does a query tree represent a relational algebra expression? What is meant by an execution of a query tree? Discuss the rules for transformation of query tree, and identify when each rule should be applied during optimization.
6. Query optimization is a misnomer. Explain
7. Consider the following S table from a students’ database;

Pro-social behavior is behavior that is intended to benefit others (Fiske, 2010). There are various schools of thought regarding why individuals engage in pro-social behavior. These explanations include egocentric purposes, altruistic purposes, collective purposes, or adherence to moral standards. In addition to motivation, it is important to consider how situational factors affect pro-social behavior (Fiske, 2010). The Assignment (3–5 pages) Define pro-social behavior. Explain three potential conditions in which diffusion of responsibility might occur and why. Explain the steps of pro-social behavior and the significance of each step. Be specific and use the current literature to support your response.

Pro-social behavior is behavior that is intended to benefit others (Fiske, 2010). There are various schools of thought regarding why individuals engage in pro-social behavior. These explanations include egocentric purposes, altruistic purposes, collective purposes, or adherence to moral standards. In addition to motivation, it is important to consider how situational factors affect pro-social behavior (Fiske, 2010).

The Assignment (3–5 pages)

• Define pro-social behavior.
• Explain three potential conditions in which diffusion of responsibility might occur and why.
• Explain the steps of pro-social behavior and the significance of each step.
• Be specific and use the current literature to support your response.

What are your research questions? To what extent can you test them? How would you justify the viability of your questions? Why would this design be the most appropriate for answering the research questions? Conversely, why would quantitative and mixed methods not be appropriate? What approach would you select for this study (ethnography, grounded theory, case study, phenomenology, narrative)? Why is that approach the most appropriate one for answering the research questions? What theoretical framework or perspective would you use? What would be your role as the researcher? What is your target population? How would you identify and recruit participants? What factors would contribute to determining appropriate sample size? You will not need to calculate sample size for this assignment. If appropriate for your plan, what instruments might you need? What data collection procedures might you use? Why would those be the most appropriate methods to use? How would that data help to answer your research question(s)? How would you ensure quality and reliability of data? What are threats to validity? How might you mitigate them? How might you analyze the data? What are the ethical considerations related to the plan? Craft a 2- to 3-page paper in which you Provide an introduction. Provide a purpose statement. Provide viable research questions. Generate a written research plan that addresses the above questions. Stress pervades many areas of life. Whether it is stress from relationships, work, school, or the social environment, research has shown that it can have a profound impact on mental health, physical well-being, productivity, performance, and decision making. Research on cognitive appraisals, coping, and social support has also provided insight into how people view and manage stress.

• What are your research questions? To what extent can you test them? How would you justify the viability of your questions?
• Why would this design be the most appropriate for answering the research questions? Conversely, why would quantitative and mixed methods not be appropriate?
• What approach would you select for this study (ethnography, grounded theory, case study, phenomenology, narrative)? Why is that approach the most appropriate one for answering the research questions?
• What theoretical framework or perspective would you use?
• What would be your role as the researcher?
• What is your target population? How would you identify and recruit participants? What factors would contribute to determining appropriate sample size? You will not need to calculate sample size for this assignment.
• If appropriate for your plan, what instruments might you need?
• What data collection procedures might you use? Why would those be the most appropriate methods to use? How would that data help to answer your research question(s)?
• How would you ensure quality and reliability of data?
• What are threats to validity? How might you mitigate them?
• How might you analyze the data?
• What are the ethical considerations related to the plan?

• Craft a 2- to 3-page paper in which you
• Provide an introduction.
• Provide a purpose statement.
• Provide viable research questions.
• Generate a written research plan that addresses the above questions.

Stress pervades many areas of life. Whether it is stress from relationships, work, school, or the social environment, research has shown that it can have a profound impact on mental health, physical well-being, productivity, performance, and decision making. Research on cognitive appraisals, coping, and social support has also provided insight into how people view and manage stress.

What a query execution plan? 2. Discuss the reasons for converting SQL queries into relational algebra queries before optimization is done. 3. Explain the three factors that influence the cost of a query. 4. A file of 4096 blocks is to be sorted with an available buffer space of 64 blocks. How many passes will be needed in the merge phase of the external sort-merge algorithm? 5. In a particular transaction, the number of file blocks of data to be fetched is 6 while the size of entire file is 2048 blocks; evaluate the number of initial runs the transaction has to make. 6. How does a query tree represent a relational algebra expression? What is meant by an execution of a query tree? Discuss the rules for transformation of query tree, and identify when each rule should be applied during optimization. 7. Query optimization is a misnomer. Explain 8. Consider the following S table from a students’ database;

What a query execution plan?

1. Discuss the reasons for converting SQL queries into relational algebra queries before optimization is done.
2. Explain the three factors that influence the cost of a query.
3. A file of 4096 blocks is to be sorted with an available buffer space of 64 blocks. How many passes will be needed in the merge phase of the external sort-merge algorithm?
4. In a particular transaction, the number of file blocks of data to be fetched is 6 while the size of entire file is 2048 blocks; evaluate the number of initial runs the transaction has to make.
5. How does a query tree represent a relational algebra expression? What is meant by an execution of a query tree? Discuss the rules for transformation of query tree, and identify when each rule should be applied during optimization.
6. Query optimization is a misnomer. Explain
7. Consider the following S table from a students’ database;

Instructions: Consider all of the information both internal and external an organization must consider when developing and planning an employee benefits plan. What information is the most important to this planning process? Which might be the least important consideration? Conduct research into this problem and cite your reasoning. Submission Instructions: IMPORTANT!! Submit your work as an MS WORD ATTACHMENT in either a .doc, .docx, or .rtf format. Please support your ideas, arguments, and opinions with independent research, include at least three (3) supporting references or sources (NOT Wikipedia, unknown, or anonymous sources), format your work in proper APA format, include a cover page, minimum of 3 FULL pages of written content, double space all work, include a reference section, and cite all listed references properly in text in accordance with the 6th edition of the APA manual, chapters 6 & 7. Reminder: Late submissions will be reduced by one full letter grade for each day the assignment is submitted late. Assignments submitted after the 3rd day late without an approved extension before the assignment due date will receive a zero

Instructions: Consider all of the information both internal and external an organization must consider when developing and planning an employee benefits plan. What information is the most important to this planning process? Which might be the least important consideration? Conduct research into this problem and cite your reasoning.

Submission Instructions:
IMPORTANT!!

Submit your work as an MS WORD ATTACHMENT in either a .doc, .docx, or .rtf format.

Please support your ideas, arguments, and opinions with independent research, include at least three (3) supporting references or sources (NOT Wikipedia, unknown, or anonymous sources), format your work in proper APA format, include a cover page, minimum of 3 FULL pages of written content, double space all work, include a reference section, and cite all listed references properly in text in accordance with the 6th edition of the APA manual, chapters 6 & 7.

Reminder:
Late submissions will be reduced by one full letter grade for each day the assignment is submitted late. Assignments submitted after the 3rd day late without an approved extension before the assignment due date will receive a zero

Assignment Description:
You will articulate a personal philosophy of education noting specifics of belief in the areas of worldview foundations. The philosophical foundations will include metaphysical and epistemological beliefs. Applied beliefs will include the role of the teachers, students, and curriculum in the classroom environment. Relevant issues will include discipline, diversity, curriculum development, professional development, and learning communities. As an academic paper, it is to be supported by the body of knowledge in the field, which is to include references to the literature from educational philosophy, psychology, curriculum, and learning theory.
You will need to plant these belief statements firmly in your worldviews, basic philosophical statements and in the literature. The writer then makes some of the above issues more important than others, depending on the personal philosophy espoused. The focus is that the articulation of your philosophy must be personal, logical, and well integrated. This last point includes both integration within the paper, but also integration of the various thinkers and those who have gone before. What makes this distinctively different than an undergraduate statement of an educational philosophy is the expectation of integration with literature and critical engagement with ideas. This is very important. Do not merely write a list of beliefs, but rather pull in ideas from authors and thinkers from the course and critically integrate those ideas.

Paper Components:
The paper must be 8–10 pages (excluding title, abstract, and reference pages), use APA format, and include a minimum of six scholarly references. You will submit the paper in both LiveText and SafeAssign. There is a rubric that will be used in grading (see below).

1.    Title Page
a.    Title: Consider the title of your paper to be a motto or slogan reflecting your philosophy. It should be clear enough to give the reader some idea of what you believe about education. Avoid statements that sound vague or flippant.
b.    Other Information on Title Page
•    Student Name
•    Student ID#
•    Course# and Section
•    Instructor’s Name

2.    Abstract (100–120 words)
•    Write this paragraph last but place it after the title page and before the introduction to the paper.
•    This should be a synopsis of the main findings of your paper.
•    Consider this an abridged version of your full philosophy statement.

3.    Introduction
•    Although not labeled with a heading on your paper, this section will introduce your philosophy and provide a specific thesis statement that will be developed throughout the paper.
•    It’s always best to place the thesis statement at the end of the introduction. This serves as a transition into the rest of the paper, which supports the thesis statement.

HEADINGS: To ensure that your paper meets the requirements of the rubric, the following elements must be clearly identified with headings.

4.    Worldview & Philosophy of Life: This is what you know and believe about the world and life. How does your Christian faith influence your beliefs? This section should flow smoothly into and be consistent with your thoughts about schools and learning. (The questions listed here are strictly to provoke thought and to help you know how to focus your writing. Do not write your paper as a list of direct answers to these questions.) What is your worldview and what is it based upon? How would you describe your view of life in general? How will your worldview influence your practice as a teacher? What is your basic philosophical belief, and how is it related to/grounded in my worldview?
•    Metaphysics: What is ultimately real? What gives life purpose or meaning?
•    Axiology
o    What do you most value?
o    What do you want your students to value most?
o    What ethical principles will guide you?
o    If appropriate to your content area, what principles of beauty do you hope to instill in your students?

5.    Philosophy of Schools & Learning
•    What is the purpose of learning, education, schools?
•    Epistemology: How do learners come to know truth? What causes learning to occur?
•    This is what you know and believe about schools and learning. How does your Christian faith influence your views? It should connect with the previous section and flow smoothly into the next section about instructional practice. Avoid the common error of fragmenting your paper into sections that do not relate to one another. Each section should build on previous ones and support the others.
•    Identify key theories from your courses that will impact your teaching. In this section describe the theories and in the next section discuss how you would practice the theory in your instructional methods.
•    How will professional knowledge guide your practice?
•    Refer to the knowledge base in teacher education that includes educational psychology, philosophy, and learning theory. Don’t try to cover everything; just identify two or three key theories you espouse.

•    From what specific professional knowledge will you draw in your practice? Whose theories, ideas, etc., are meaningful to you? Be cautious about assigning to yourself a label that you do not fully understand. This could be potentially embarrassing once you discover everything the label entails.

6.    Instructional Practice/Methodology
•    This is what should be implemented in the classroom.
•    This section should flow smoothly from the previous one. In the previous section you should have identified and briefly discussed what theories you plan to implement. In this section you will explain how you will put those theories into instructional practice.
•    What pedagogical practices or methods should be used most frequently? Why?
•    What instructional strategies do you value and implement?
•    What do you hope to accomplish by using these strategies?

7.    Teacher-Learner Relationships
•    What is the role of the learner?
•    What is the role of the teacher?
•    How should they relate to each other and why?

8.    Diversity
•    What diversity factors need to be taken into account by the teacher?
•    How do factors of student diversity impact instruction?

•    You may insert optional headings to address issues that are important to your philosophy of education.
•    Here are some ideas you might want to consider:
o    My calling
o    Classroom management philosophy
o    Content/subject-area philosophy
o    Assessment philosophy
o    Parent role and relationship with teacher
o    Current critical issues in education
o    Etc.

10.    Conclusion
•    Your conclusion should tie in with the introduction somehow so that your paper displays coherence.
•    If your introduction included a metaphor, quote, theme, etc., it would be appropriate to tie back into that.

Miscellaneous Tips
•    This is an ACADEMIC paper, not a free-writing journal of emotions and feelings. Consider it a mission or vision statement on the purpose of schools and education that you might publish in an academic journal to persuade other educators to conduct their practice for the same purpose and in the same manner you would.
•    State where you agree or disagree with some of the leading theories and theorists.
•    Develop your own ideas about theorists and their ideas and how they seem to fit or not fit with your personal views and with a biblical view.
•    State any assumptions that you are operating under as you write your view.
•    Because this paper is made up of your personal views, it will be graded on how well you followed the rubric, supported your ideas, and presented them in a clear, consistent manner. You may disagree with the instructor without any penalty.
•    Make sure you are careful in your use of grammar and sentence structure. Check your spelling. Have someone read your paper for content and correctness.
•    Avoid passive tense verbs.
•    Ensure that your pronouns and antecedents agree in number.
•    Do not dwell too much on biographical or testimonial information. How you came to believe what you do is not as important as what you believe and your rationale for it.

References
You may use a variety of sources, such as…
•    Your class textbooks for this course
•    Your methods and psychology textbooks
•    The Bible (APA permits you to cite the Bible in the body of the paper, but it is not to be listed on the reference page)
•    Educational journals
•    Books you’ve read that have influenced your worldview or educational philosophy
•    Do not use www.Wikipedia.com or wiki-type pages as sources in an academic paper. Because it is an open environment, the information is constantly being changed by registered users and is not always reliable.
•    Include at least six references.

Point Of View
Because this is a personal Philosophy of Education paper, you may use first person pronouns such as “I” and “me”, but please don’t overuse them. For example, try not to overuse “I believe…” or “I think…” This is a position paper; therefore, it is assumed that the entire contents contain your beliefs and thoughts. Do not use “I feel…” Despite a popular notion, the APA manual does permit first person. Anytime third person would confuse the reader or anytime the purpose of the paper is appropriate to first person, it may be implemented. Do not use the “editorial we” or “you” as this improperly addresses the reader.

Pronoun Usage
Two problems our candidates have in their writing tend to be (1) pronoun-antecedent agreement and (2) the gender issue of “he or she.”
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: Pronouns must agree in number with their antecedents. It is incorrect to write, “Each teacher [singular] should manage their [plural] own classroom.”
Gender Issue: It is considered sexist if you repeatedly use singular antecedents and follow them up with masculine pronouns. For example, “Each teacher should manage his own classroom.” It is also problematic if you redundantly use “he or she” and “his or her.” (Please don’t use “he/she” or “his/her.”) Some writers solve this by stating to the reader that for simplicity’s sake the pronouns will be masculine or will rotate periodically between masculine and feminine. This can be awkward and cumbersome. But there is a better solution!
To assist in avoiding both of these problems, I recommend that you write in plural as consistently as you can. For instance, use students, principals, teachers, parents, schools, etc., instead of their singular counterparts. Follow these antecedents up with “they” or “their.” This avoids the gender issue altogether. When you find that you must use a singular, you may periodically use “he or she” or simply restructure the sentence to avoid the “he or she” if possible. Rare use of it is fine.

Plagiarized papers will be rejected. Every paper will be evaluated for originality by SafeAssign, which reports to the instructor the degree to which your paper is suspected of plagiarism. The following tips will help you avoid any problems with plagiarism:
Direct Quotes: No more than 15% of your paper should be made up of direct quotes. Short quotes should be in quotation marks and longer quotes should be indented (see APA). If you do not set off direct quotes in this manner and also cite them, it is plagiarism.
Ideas and Facts: If the idea or fact is not your own, you must cite its source. When not directly quoting, summarize or analyze the idea in your own words.
Submit this assignment in both LiveText and SafeAssign by 1:00 p.m. (ET) on Saturday, August 2, 2014  .

Pro-social behavior is behavior that is intended to benefit others (Fiske, 2010). There are various schools of thought regarding why individuals engage in pro-social behavior. These explanations include egocentric purposes, altruistic purposes, collective purposes, or adherence to moral standards. In addition to motivation, it is important to consider how situational factors affect pro-social behavior (Fiske, 2010). The Assignment (3–5 pages) Define pro-social behavior. Explain three potential conditions in which diffusion of responsibility might occur and why. Explain the steps of pro-social behavior and the significance of each step. Be specific and use the current literature to support your response.

Pro-social behavior is behavior that is intended to benefit others (Fiske, 2010). There are various schools of thought regarding why individuals engage in pro-social behavior. These explanations include egocentric purposes, altruistic purposes, collective purposes, or adherence to moral standards. In addition to motivation, it is important to consider how situational factors affect pro-social behavior (Fiske, 2010).

The Assignment (3–5 pages)

• Define pro-social behavior.
• Explain three potential conditions in which diffusion of responsibility might occur and why.
• Explain the steps of pro-social behavior and the significance of each step.
• Be specific and use the current literature to support your response.

1. A project will produce an operating cash flow of \$14,600 a year for 8 years. The initial fixed asset investment in the project will be \$48,900. The net aftertax salvage value is estimated at \$11,000 and will be received during the last year of the project’s life. What is the net present value of the project if the required rate of return is 12 percent? A. \$23,627.54 B. \$28,070.26 C. \$34,627.54 D. \$39,070.26 E. \$41,040.83 2. One year ago, you purchased a stock at a price of \$32.16. The stock pays quarterly dividends of \$0.20 per share. Today, the stock is selling for \$28.20 per share. What is your capital gain on this investment? A. -\$4.16 B. -\$3.96 C. -\$3.76 D. -\$3.16 E. -\$2.96 3. Six months ago, you purchased 100 shares of stock in Global Trading at a price of \$38.70 a share. The stock pays a quarterly dividend of \$0.15 a share. Today, you sold all of your shares for \$40.10 per share. What is the total amount of your dividend income on this investment? A. \$15 B. \$30 C. \$45 D. \$50 E. \$60 4. A year ago, you purchased 400 shares of Stellar Wood Products, Inc. stock at a price of \$8.62 per share. The stock pays an annual dividend of \$0.10 per share. Today, you sold all of your shares for \$4.80 per share. What is your total dollar return on this investment? A. -\$382 B. -\$372 C. -\$1,528 D. -\$1,488 E. -\$1,360 5. You own 400 shares of Western Feed Mills stock valued at \$51.20 per share. What is the dividend yield if your annual dividend income is \$352? A. 1.68 percent B. 1.72 percent C. 1.83 percent D. 1.13 percent E. 1.21 percent 6. West Wind Tours stock is currently selling for \$48 a share. The stock has a dividend yield of 2.6 percent. How much dividend income will you receive per year if you purchase 200 shares of this stock? A. \$24.96 B. \$36.20 C. \$124.80 D. \$362.00 E. \$249.60 7. Jerilu Markets has a beta of 1.09. The risk-free rate of return is 2.75 percent and the market rate of return is 9.80 percent. What is the risk premium on this stock? A. 6.47 percent B. 7.03 percent C. 7.68 percent D. 8.99 percent E. 9.80 percent 8. What is the standard deviation of the returns on a stock given the following information? A. 1.57 percent B. 2.03 percent C. 2.89 percent D. 3.42 percent E. 4.01 percent 9. Your portfolio is comprised of 40 percent of stock X, 15 percent of stock Y, and 45 percent of stock Z. Stock X has a beta of 1.16, stock Y has a beta of 1.47, and stock Z has a beta of 0.42. What is the beta of your portfolio? A. 0.87 B. 1.09 C. 1.13 D. 1.18 E. 1.21 10. The outstanding bonds of Tech Express are priced at \$989 and mature in 8 years. These bonds have a 6 percent coupon and pay interest annually. The firm’s tax rate is 39 percent. What is the firm’s aftertax cost of debt? A. 3.01 percent B. 3.22 percent C. 3.35 percent D. 3.77 percent E. 4.41 percent 11. Phillips Equipment has 80,000 bonds outstanding that are selling at par. Bonds with similar characteristics are yielding 6.75 percent. The company also has 750,000 shares of 7 percent preferred stock and 2.5 million shares of common stock outstanding. The preferred stock sells for \$53 a share. The common stock has a beta of 1.34 and sells for \$42 a share. The U.S. Treasury bill is yielding 2.8 percent and the return on the market is 11.2 percent. The corporate tax rate is 38 percent. What is the firm’s weighted average cost of capital? A. 10.39 percent B. 10.64 percent C. 11.18 percent D. 11.30 percent E. 11.56 percent

1. A project will produce an operating cash flow of \$14,600 a year for 8 years. The initial fixed asset investment in the project will be \$48,900. The net aftertax salvage value is estimated at \$11,000 and will be received during the last year of the project’s life. What is the net present value of the project if the required rate of return is 12 percent?
A. \$23,627.54
B. \$28,070.26
C. \$34,627.54
D. \$39,070.26
E. \$41,040.83

2. One year ago, you purchased a stock at a price of \$32.16. The stock pays quarterly dividends of \$0.20 per share. Today, the stock is selling for \$28.20 per share. What is your capital gain on this investment?
A. -\$4.16
B. -\$3.96
C. -\$3.76
D. -\$3.16
E. -\$2.96
3. Six months ago, you purchased 100 shares of stock in Global Trading at a price of \$38.70 a share. The stock pays a quarterly dividend of \$0.15 a share. Today, you sold all of your shares for \$40.10 per share. What is the total amount of your dividend income on this investment?
A. \$15
B. \$30
C. \$45
D. \$50
E. \$60
4. A year ago, you purchased 400 shares of Stellar Wood Products, Inc. stock at a price of \$8.62 per share. The stock pays an annual dividend of \$0.10 per share. Today, you sold all of your shares for \$4.80 per share. What is your total dollar return on this investment?
A. -\$382
B. -\$372
C. -\$1,528
D. -\$1,488
E. -\$1,360

5. You own 400 shares of Western Feed Mills stock valued at \$51.20 per share. What is the dividend yield if your annual dividend income is \$352?
A. 1.68 percent
B. 1.72 percent
C. 1.83 percent
D. 1.13 percent
E. 1.21 percent
6. West Wind Tours stock is currently selling for \$48 a share. The stock has a dividend yield of 2.6 percent. How much dividend income will you receive per year if you purchase 200 shares of this stock?
A. \$24.96
B. \$36.20
C. \$124.80
D. \$362.00
E. \$249.60

7. Jerilu Markets has a beta of 1.09. The risk-free rate of return is 2.75 percent and the market rate of return is 9.80 percent. What is the risk premium on this stock?
A. 6.47 percent
B. 7.03 percent
C. 7.68 percent
D. 8.99 percent
E. 9.80 percent

8. What is the standard deviation of the returns on a stock given the following information?

A. 1.57 percent
B. 2.03 percent
C. 2.89 percent
D. 3.42 percent
E. 4.01 percent

9. Your portfolio is comprised of 40 percent of stock X, 15 percent of stock Y, and 45 percent of stock Z. Stock X has a beta of 1.16, stock Y has a beta of 1.47, and stock Z has a beta of 0.42. What is the beta of your portfolio?
A. 0.87
B. 1.09
C. 1.13
D. 1.18
E. 1.21

10. The outstanding bonds of Tech Express are priced at \$989 and mature in 8 years. These bonds have a 6 percent coupon and pay interest annually. The firm’s tax rate is 39 percent. What is the firm’s aftertax cost of debt?
A. 3.01 percent
B. 3.22 percent
C. 3.35 percent
D. 3.77 percent
E. 4.41 percent

11. Phillips Equipment has 80,000 bonds outstanding that are selling at par. Bonds with similar characteristics are yielding 6.75 percent. The company also has 750,000 shares of 7 percent preferred stock and 2.5 million shares of common stock outstanding. The preferred stock sells for \$53 a share. The common stock has a beta of 1.34 and sells for \$42 a share. The U.S. Treasury bill is yielding 2.8 percent and the return on the market is 11.2 percent. The corporate tax rate is 38 percent. What is the firm’s weighted average cost of capital?
A. 10.39 percent
B. 10.64 percent
C. 11.18 percent
D. 11.30 percent
E. 11.56 percent

Question No. 1 (33 marks)

Select the best answer for each of the following multiple-choice items and enter your answer on the Scantron Sheet provided. Failure to use the Scranton Sheet will result in zero marks for Question No. 1. Only one answer will be accepted for each question. There is no penalty for guessing. No account will be taken of any explanations provided.

Items 1 to 11 are each worth one mark.
1. In order for accounting information to be relevant, it must
a. have very little cost.
b. help predict future events or confirm prior expectations.
c. be verifiable.
d. be used by a lot of different organizations.

2. Working capital is a measure of a. comparability.
b. liquidity.
c. profitability. d. solvency.

3. A liquidity ratio measures the
a. profit or operating success of a company over a period of time. b. ability of a company to survive over a long period of time.
c. short-term ability of a company to pay its maturing obligations and to meet unexpected needs for cash.
d. percentage of total financing provided by creditors.
4. A weakness of the current ratio is a. the difficulty of the calculation.
b. that it doesn’t take into account the composition of the current assets.
c. that it is rarely used by sophisticated analysts.
d. that it can be expressed as a percentage, as a rate, or as a proportion.

5. Which one of the following is a fundamental qualitative characteristic?
a. Relevance
b. Timeliness
c. Understandability d. Comparability

6. Accounting information should be neutral in order to enhance a. faithful representation
b. materiality.
c. comparability.
d. understandability.

7. On a classified statement of financial position, current assets are often listed a. in alphabetical order.
b. with the largest dollar amounts first.
c. in the order in which they are expected to be converted into cash.
d. in the order of acquisition.

8. Long-lived assets without physical substance are
a. listed directly under current assets on the statement of financial position.
b. not listed on the statement of financial position because they do not have physical substance. c. intangible assets.
d. listed as a long-term investment on the statement of financial position.

9. The classification and normal balance of the unearned revenue account is a. asset, debit
b. liability, credit.
c. revenues, credit.
d. shareholders’ equity, credit.
10. In general, revenue recognition occurs a. when cash is received
b. when it is earned.
c. when expenses are incurred.
d. in the period that income taxes are paid.

11. Recording transactions that affect a company’s financial statements in the periods in which
they occur rather than when cash is received or paid is called a. time period accounting
b. the cash basis of accounting. c. monetary accounting.
d. the accrual basis of accounting.

Items 12 to 22 are each worth two marks.
12. What is the total amount of working capital?
Current assets \$ 9,000 Net sales \$ 20,000
Current liabilities 4,000 Total liabilities 5,000
Average assets 40,000 Shareholders’ equity 25,000
Total assets 30,000 Market price of shares \$2
Profit 9,000 Weighted average number of common shares 18,000
a. \$2,000 b. \$4,000 c. \$5,000 d. \$7,000

13. What are the earning per share?

Current assets \$ 9,000 Net sales \$ 20,000
Current liabilities 4,000 Total liabilities 5,000
Average assets 40,000 Shareholders’ equity 25,000
Total assets 30,000 Market price of shares \$2
Profit 9,000 Weighted average number of common shares 18,000
a. \$0.36 b. \$0.50 c. \$0.80 d. \$1.11

14. What is the debt to total assets?

Current assets \$ 9,000 Net sales \$ 20,000
Current liabilities 4,000 Total liabilities 5,000
Average assets 40,000 Shareholders’ equity 25,000
Total assets 30,000 Market price of shares \$2
Profit 9,000 Weighted average number of common shares 18,000
a. 12.5% b. 20.0% c. 75.0% d. 16.7%
15. The current assets of Key Corporation are \$360,000. The current liabilities are \$240,000. The current ratio expressed as a ratio is
a. 150% b. 1.5:1 c. 0.7:1
d. \$360,000 ÷ \$240,000

16.

Operating expenses \$ 45,000
Sales returns and allowances 25,000
Sales discounts 16,000
Sales 210,000
Cost of goods sold 79,000
Income tax expense 11,000

The profit margin would be a. 16.2%.
b. 20.1%. c. 26.6%. d. 41.0%.

17. If a company has net sales of \$500,000 and cost of goods sold of \$350,000, the gross profit margin is
a. 15%. b. 30%. c. 70%. d. 100%.

18. Aye Corp sells \$10,000 of goods on account in the current year and collects \$7,500 of this. It incurs \$6,000 in expenses on account during the current year and pays \$4,000 of them. Aye would report what amount of profit under the cash and accrual bases of accounting, respectively? a. \$4,000 on the cash basis and \$3,500 on the accrual basis
b. \$3,500 on the cash basis and \$4,000 on the accrual basis
c. \$6,000 on the cash basis and \$3,500 on the accrual basis d. \$1,500 on the cash basis and \$6,000 on the accrual basis

19. Benz Inc. shows the following account balances for last month:
Purchases \$28,000
Sales Returns and Allowances 4,000
Purchase Discounts 2,500
Freight In 1,875
Freight Out 2,500

The cost of goods purchased for last month is

a. \$25,875 b. \$27,375 c. \$29,875 d. \$30,500
20. Stylish Shoe Store reported beginning merchandise inventory of \$15,000. During the period, purchases were \$70,000; purchase returns, \$2,000; and freight in \$5,000. A physical count of inventory at the end of the period revealed that \$10,000 was still on hand. The cost of goods available for sale was
a. \$78,000 b. \$82,000 c. \$88,000 d. \$92,000

21. For last month, the following data were taken from the ledger of Shanghai Inc:
Purchases \$ 100,000
Purchase Returns and Allowances 1,200
Purchase Discounts 600
Freight In 3,000
Beginning Inventory 18,000
Ending Inventory 19,200

What was the cost of goods sold?

a. \$ 19,200 b. \$100,000 c. \$101,200 d. \$119,200

22. Westcom Corporation’s goods in transit at December 31 include (1) sales made FOB destination, (2) sales made FOB shipping point, (3) purchases made FOB destination, and (4) purchases made FOB shipping point. Which items should be included in Westcom’s inventory at December 31?
a. (2) and (3) b. (1) and (4) c. (1) and (3) d. (2) and (4)

**** END OF MULTIPLE CHOICE ****
Question No. 2 (8 marks)
FINEP Manufacturing produces and sells cars. The company adjusts its accounts annually. On
December 31, 2013 the FINEP’s unadjusted trial balance was as follows.

FINEP manufacturing Unadjusted Trial Balance December 31, 2013

Cash
Accounts receivable
Supplies
Prepaid insurance
Equipment

Accumulated depreciation—equipment

Accounts payable Salaries payable Unearned revenue
Bank Loan (due May 2018) Common shares
Retained earnings
Revenues Salary expense Rent Expense Interest expense

Debits
20,000
15,000
6,000
6,000
30,000

32,000
10,000
9,000
12,000
140,000

Credits

15,000
3,000
2,000
5,000

20,000
12,000
40,000
43,000
140,000

1) The insurance, which has a one-year term, was signed and effective on August 1, 2013.
The company paid \$6,000 for the insurance.
2) The company performs a count on December 31, 2013 and it reveals that the company has \$200 worth of supplies on hand.
3) The bank loan signed on December 1, 2013 has an interest rate of 9% per year. That interest is payable at the beginning of each month.
4) The company uses straight line depreciation to depreciate its assets and the equipment has a useful life of 6 years and a residual value of zero.
Required:

Prepare the adjustment entries required at December 31, 2013 (show your calculations):

Question No. 3 (8 marks)
On September 1, Wilderness Inc had an inventory of 18 backpacks at a cost of \$30 each. The company uses a perpetual inventory system. During September, the following transactions occurred.
Sept. 4 Purchased 35 backpacks at \$30 each from Back Packs Unlimited, terms 3/10, n/30.
6 Received credit of \$150 for the return of 5 backpacks purchased on Sept. 4 that were defective.
9 Sold 20 backpacks for \$50 each to University Supply, terms 2/10, n/30.
14 Paid Back Packs Unlimited in full.
18 Received payment from University Supply.
Instructions
Record the September transactions for Wilderness Inc.

Question No. 4 (9 marks)
Safety Helmets has the following inventory records for February 2014
Date Description Units Cost
Feb 1 Beginning inventory 100 \$8
5 Purchase 60 9
22 Purchase 150 9
24 Sales (300)
28 Purchase 90 10

• The 300 units sold on February 24 generated sales revenue of \$6,770
• The company is considering the following three combinations to use for its inventory costing:
1. FIFO –perpetual
2. Average- perpetual
3. Average- periodic

Required:
a) Which one of the three combinations will enable the company to report the highest gross
profit for the month? Provide a brief logical explanation for your answer using no numerical calculations (1 point).
b) Calculate the gross profit based on your answer in part (a) above (3 points).
c) Which one of the three combinations will enable the company to report the lowest gross profit for the month? Calculate the amount of this gross profit (3 points).
d) Will the amount of gross profit reported under the FIFO-Periodic combination (not listed in the three combinations being considered) equal the amount of the gross profit in part (b) above? Answer Yes or No with a brief logical explanation for your answer, using no numerical calculations (2 points).

Question No. 5 (8 marks)

Prince Inc. generated \$2.5 million in credit sales during the current year. Based on past experience, it is estimated that 1.5% of all credit sales will prove to be uncollectible. The balance of the allowance for doubtful accounts at December 31 is \$6,900 credit before the year end adjustment for uncollectible accounts. Accounts receivable at December 31 consists of the following:

Account Classification Amount
Current ………………………………………. \$1,900,000
1-30 days past due ………………………… 150,000
31-60 days past due ………………………. 90,000
61-90 days past due ………………………. 50,000
Over 90 days past due …………………… 20,000
Required:

a. Calculate bad debts expense and record the related journal entry for the current year using the percentage of credit sales method. (2 points)

b. Prince has decided to write off all the accounts that were over 90 days past due.
Record the journal entry. (2 points)

c. Show how Accounts Receivable will be presented on the December 31 balance sheet, with appropriate account balances, following the above adjustments. (2 points)

d. One of the customers whose \$3,000 account was written off paid in full. Record the journal entry. (2 points)

AC501: Financial Accounting and Reporting
Unit 3 Midterm Exam

A review of the ledger of Oklahoma Company at December 31, 2008, produces the following data pertaining to the preparation of annual adjusting entries.

(1) Salaries Payable \$0. There are eight salaried employees. Salaries are paid every Friday for the current week. Five employees receive a salary of \$700 each per week, and three employees earn \$500 each per week. December 31 is a Tuesday. Employees do not work weekends. All employees worked the last 2 days of December.

(2) Unearned Rent Revenue \$ 369,000. The company began subleasing office space in its new building on November 1. Each tenant is required to make a \$ 5,000 security deposit that is not refundable until occupancy is terminated. At December 31, the company had the following rental contracts that are paid in full for the entire term of the lease.

Date Term
(in months) Monthly Rent Number of
Leases
Nov. 1 6 \$ 4,000 5
Dec. 1 6 \$ 8,500 4

(3) Prepaid Advertising \$ 13,200. This balance consists of payments on two advertising contracts. The contracts provide for monthly advertising in two trade magazines. The term of the contracts are shown at the top of page 135.

Contract Date Amount Number of

A650 May 1 \$ 6,000 12
B974 Oct. 1 \$ 7,200 24

The first advertisement runs in the month in which the contract is signed.

(4) Notes Payable \$ 80,000. This balance consists of a note for one year at an annual interest rate of 12%, dated June 1.

Instructions
Prepare the adjusting entries at December 31, 2008. (Show all computations).
P4-2(Balance Sheet Preparation)
Presented below are a number of balance sheet items for Letterman Inc., for the current year, 2008.

Goodwill \$ 125,000 Accumulated depreciation-equipment \$ 292,000
Payroll taxes payable 177, 591 Inventories 239,800
Bonds payable 300,000 Rent payable—short-term 45,000
Discount on bonds payable 15,000 Taxes payable 98,362
Cash 360,000 Long-term rental obligations 480,000
Land 480,000 Common stocks, \$ 1 par value 200,000
Notes receivable 545,700 Preferred stock, \$ 10 par value 150,000
Notes payable to banks 265,000 Prepaid expenses 87,920
Accounts payable 590,000 Equipment 1,470,000
Retained earnings ? Trading securities 121,000
Income taxes receivable 97,630 Accumulated depreciation-building 170,200
Unsecured notes payable (long-term) 1,600,000 Building 1,640,000

Instructions
Prepare a classified balance sheet in good form. Common stock authorized was 400,000 shares, and preferred stock authorized was 20,000 shares. Assume that notes receivable and notes payable are short-term, unless stated otherwise. Cost and fair value of trading securities are the same.
P5-1(Multiple-Step Income, Retained Earnings)
Presented below is information related to P. J. Harvey Company for 2008.

Retained earnings balance, January 1, 2008 \$ 980,000
Sales for the year 25,000,000
Cost of goods sold 17,000,000
Interest revenue 70,000
Write-off of goodwill (not tax deductible) 820,000
Income taxes for 2008 905,000
Gain on the sale of investments (normal recurring) 110,000
Loss due to flood damage-extraordinary item (net of tax) 390,000
Loss on the disposition of the wholesale division (net of tax) 440,000
Loss on operations of the wholesale division (net of tax) 90,000
Dividends declared on common stock 250,000
Dividends declared on preferred stock 70,000

Instructions
Prepare a multiple-step income statement and a retained earnings statement. P. J. Harvey Company decided to discontinue its entire wholesale operations and to retain its manufacturing operations. On September 15, P. J. Harvey sold the wholesale operations to Rogers Company. During 2008, there were 300,000 shares of common stock outstanding all year.

Presented below are a series of unrelated situations.
(1) Spock Company’s unadjusted trial balance at December 31, 2008, included the following accounts.
Debit Credit
Allowance for doubtful accounts \$ 4,000
Net Sales \$ 1,5000,000

Spock Company estimates its bad debt expense to be 1 ½% of net sales. Determine its bad debt expense for 2008.
(2) An analysis and aging of Scotty Corp. accounts receivable at December 31, 2008, disclosed the following:

Amounts estimated to be uncollectible \$ 180,000
Accounts receivable 1,750,000
Allowance for doubtful accounts (per Books) 125,000

What is the net realizable value of Scotty’s receivable at December 31, 2008?

(3) Uhura Co. provides for doubtful account based on 3% of credit sales. The following data are available for 2008.

Credit sales during 2008 \$ 2,100,000
Allowance for doubtful accounts 1/1/08 17,000
Collection of accounts written off in prior years
(customer credit was reestablished) 8,000
Customer accounts written off as uncollectible during 2008 30,000

What is the balance in the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts at December 31, 2008?

(4) At the end of the first year of operations, December 31, 2008, Chekov Inc. reported the following information.
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts \$ 950,000
Customer accounts written off as uncollectible during 2008 24,000
Bad debt expense for 2008 84,000

What should be the balance in accounts receivable at December 31, 2008, before subtracting the allowance for doubtful accounts?

(5) The following accounts were taken from Chappel Inc.’s trial balance at December 31, 2008.
Debit Credit
Net credit sales \$ 750,000
Allowance for doubtful accounts \$ 14,000
Accounts receivable 410,000
If doubtful accounts are 3% of accounts receivable, determine the bad debt expense to be reported for 2008.

Instructions
Answer the questions related to each of the five independent situations as requested.
P9-6 (Dollar-Value LIFO)
Falcon’s Televisions Produces television sets in three categories: portable, mid-size, and flatscreen. On January 1, 2007, Falcon adopted dollar-value LIFO and decided to use a single inventory pool. The company’s January 1 inventory consists of:

Category Quantity Cost per Unit Total Cost
Portable 6,000 \$ 100 \$ 600,000
Midsize 8,000 250 2,000,000
Flatscreen 3,000 400 1,200,000
17,000 \$ 3,800,000

During 2007, the company had the following purchases and sales.
Category Quantity
Purchased Cost per Unit Quantity
Sold Selling Price
Per Unit
Portable 15,000 \$ 120 14,000 \$ 150
Midsize 20,000 300 24,000 405
Flatscreen 10,000 460 6,000 600
45,000 44,000

Instructions
(Round to four decimals.)
(a) Compute ending inventory, cost of goods sold, and gross profit.
(b) Assume the company uses three inventory pools instead of one, Repeat instruction (a).

What are the differences in how bottleneck and non-bottleneck work centers are scheduled under TOC? Why are these differences desirable? Why should buffers be located in front of bottleneck work centers under TOC scheduling? How should the size of the buffers be determined? Submit your assignment to the Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page.

What are the differences in how bottleneck and non-bottleneck work centers are scheduled under TOC? Why are these differences desirable?     Why should buffers be located in front of bottleneck work centers under TOC scheduling? How should the size of the buffers be determined?  Submit your assignment to the Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page.

Respond to the following items in a Word document: What are the implications of not allocating material in a shop order after availability checking? Provide some examples of static and dynamic scheduling problems. Submit your assignment to the Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page.

Respond to the following items in a Word document:

1. What are the implications of not allocating material in a shop order after availability checking?
2. Provide some examples of static and dynamic scheduling problems.

Submit your assignment to the Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page.

Problem Set 6 9.13, 9.17, 10.29, E.3, E.5, and E.6 9.13 Sue Helms Appliances wants to establish an assembly line to manufacture its new product, the Micro Popcorn Popper. The goal is to produce five poppers per hour. The tasks,task times, and immediate predecessors for producing one Micro Popcorn Popper are as follows: Task “Time (min)” “Immediate Predecessors” A 10 – B 12 A C 8 A,B D 6 B,C E 6 C F 6 D,E a) What is the theoretical minimum for the smallest number of workstations that Helms can achieve in this assembly line? b) Graph the assembly line and assign workers to workstations. Can you assign them with the theoretical minimum? c) What is the efficiency of your assignment? 9.17 The Mach 10 is a one-person sailboat manufactured by Creative Leisure. The final assembly plant is in Cupertino, California. The assembly area is available for production of the Mach 10 for 200 minutes per day. (The rest of the time it is busy making other products.) The daily demand is 60 boats. Given the information in the table on the next page, Task Time (min) Predecessors A 3 – B 6 – C 7 A D 5 A,B E 2 B F 4 C G 5 F H 7 D,E I 1 H J 6 E K 4 G,I,J 50 a) Draw the precedence diagram. b) If the daily (24-hour) production rate is 96 units, what is the highest allowable cycle time? c) If the cycle time after allowances is given as 10 minutes, what is the daily (24-hour) production rate? d) With a 10-minute cycle time, what is the theoretical minimum number of stations with which the line can be balanced? e) With a 10-minute cycle time and six workstations, what is the efficiency? f) What is the total idle time per cycle with a 10-minute cycle time and six workstations? g) What is the best work station assignment you can make without exceeding a 10-minute cycle time and what is its efficiency? 10.29 The Dubuque Cement Company packs 80-pound bags of concrete mix. Time-study data for the filling activity are shown in the following table. Because of the high physical demands of the job, the company’s policy is a 23% allowance for workers. Element Observations (Seconds) “Performance Rating (%)” 1 2 3 4 5 Grasp and place bag 8 9 8 11 7 110 Fill bag 36 41 39 35 122a 85 Seal bag 15 17 13 20 18 105 Place bag on conveyor 8 6 9 30b 35b 90 a) Compute the standard time for the bag-packing task. b) How many observations are necessary for 99% confidence, within ± 5% accuracy? E3 If Professor Laurie Macdonald takes 15 minutes to grade the first exam and follows an 80% learning curve, how long will it take her: a) to grade the 25th exam? b) to grade the first 10 exams? E5 Beth Zion Hospital has received initial certification from the state of California to become a center for liver transplants. The hospital, however, must complete its first 18 transplants under great scrutiny and at no cost to the patients. The very first transplant, just completed, required 30 hours. On the basis of research at the hospital, Beth Zion estimates that it will have an 80% learning curve. Estimate the time it will take to complete: a) the 5th liver transplant. b) all of the first 5 transplants. c) the 18th transplant. d) all 18 transplants E6 Refer to Problem E.5. Beth Zion Hospital has just been informed that only the first 10 transplants must be performed at the hospital’s expense. The cost per hour of surgery is estimated to be \$5,000. Again, the learning rate is 80% and the first surgery took 30 hours. a) How long will the 10th surgery take? b) How much will the 10th surgery cost? c) How much will all 10 cost the hospital?

Problem Set 6
9.13, 9.17, 10.29, E.3, E.5, and E.6

9.13 Sue Helms Appliances wants to establish an assembly line to manufacture its new product, the Micro Popcorn Popper. The goal is to produce five poppers per hour. The tasks,task times, and immediate predecessors for producing one Micro Popcorn Popper are as follows:
(min)” “Immediate
Predecessors”
A 10 –
B 12 A
C 8 A,B
D 6 B,C
E 6 C
F 6 D,E
a) What is the theoretical minimum for the smallest number of workstations that Helms can achieve in this assembly line? b) Graph the assembly line and assign workers to workstations. Can you assign them with the theoretical minimum?
c) What is the efficiency of your assignment?

9.17 The Mach 10 is a one-person sailboat manufactured by Creative Leisure. The final assembly plant is in Cupertino, California. The assembly area is available for production of the Mach 10 for 200 minutes per day. (The rest of the time it is busy making other products.) The daily demand is 60 boats. Given the information in the table on the next page,
A 3 –
B 6 –
C 7 A
D 5 A,B
E 2 B
F 4 C
G 5 F
H 7 D,E
I 1 H
J 6 E
K 4 G,I,J
50
a) Draw the precedence diagram.
b) If the daily (24-hour) production rate is 96 units, what is the highest allowable cycle time?
c) If the cycle time after allowances is given as 10 minutes, what is the daily (24-hour) production rate?
d) With a 10-minute cycle time, what is the theoretical minimum number of stations with which the line can be balanced?
e) With a 10-minute cycle time and six workstations, what is the efficiency?
f) What is the total idle time per cycle with a 10-minute cycle time and six workstations?
g) What is the best work station assignment you can make without exceeding a 10-minute cycle time and what is its efficiency?

10.29 The Dubuque Cement Company packs 80-pound bags of concrete mix. Time-study data for the filling activity are shown in the following table. Because of the high physical demands of the job, the company’s policy is a 23% allowance for workers.
Element Observations (Seconds) “Performance
Rating (%)”
1 2 3 4 5
Grasp and place bag 8 9 8 11 7 110
Fill bag 36 41 39 35 122a 85
Seal bag 15 17 13 20 18 105
Place bag on conveyor 8 6 9 30b 35b 90
a) Compute the standard time for the bag-packing task.
b) How many observations are necessary for 99% confidence, within ± 5% accuracy?

E3 If Professor Laurie Macdonald takes 15 minutes to grade the first exam and follows an 80% learning curve, how long will it take her: a) to grade the 25th exam?
b) to grade the first 10 exams?

E5 Beth Zion Hospital has received initial certification from the state of California to become a center for liver transplants. The hospital, however, must complete its first 18 transplants under great scrutiny and at no cost to the patients. The very first transplant, just completed, required 30 hours. On the basis of research at the hospital, Beth Zion estimates that it will have an 80% learning curve. Estimate the time it will take to complete:
a) the 5th liver transplant.
b) all of the first 5 transplants.
c) the 18th transplant.
d) all 18 transplants

E6 Refer to Problem E.5. Beth Zion Hospital has just been informed that only the first 10 transplants must be performed at the hospital’s expense. The cost per hour of surgery is estimated to be \$5,000. Again, the learning rate is 80% and the first surgery took 30 hours. a) How long will the 10th surgery take?
b) How much will the 10th surgery cost?
c) How much will all 10 cost the hospital?

1. Find the gcd of a = 163438 and b = 16150 and express the gcd as a linear combination of a and b. 2. How many zeros does 321! end in (when written in decimal notation)? 3. (a) Give an example of two different positive integers with (exactly) 600 divisors. We know that pm, where p is a prime and m is a positive integer has exactly m + 1 divisors. So, 2599 and 3599 are two different positive integers with exactly 600 divisors. (b) What is the smallest positive integer with (exactly) 600 divisors that you can find? (You do not have to find the smallest integer with 600 divisors, just try to find one as small as you can – the smaller the better!) 4. For what integers n is n2 ? 1 a prime number? State and prove a theorem that answers this question. 5. Prove that the product of two consecutive integers, both greater than 2, has at least three (not necessarily distinct) prime factors. ln 2 6. Prove that ln 3 is irrational.

1. Find the gcd of a = 163438 and b = 16150 and express the gcd as a linear combination of a and b.

2. How many zeros does 321! end in (when written in decimal notation)?

3. (a) Give an example of two different positive integers with (exactly) 600 divisors.
We know that pm, where p is a prime and m is a positive integer has exactly m + 1 divisors. So, 2599 and 3599 are two different positive integers with exactly 600 divisors.
(b) What is the smallest positive integer with (exactly) 600 divisors that you can find? (You do not have to find the smallest integer with 600 divisors, just try to find one as small as you can – the smaller the better!)
4. For what integers n is n2 ? 1 a prime number? State and prove a theorem that answers this question.
5. Prove that the product of two consecutive integers, both greater than 2, has at least three (not necessarily distinct) prime factors.
ln 2
6. Prove that ln 3 is irrational.

GEN499 week1. Critically reflect on what you have learned through your involvement in general education courses in Bachelor in organizational management . Review the learning outcomes for this course: 1.Apply ethics and moral reasoning to academic knowledge and societal concerns. 2.Apply the principles of critical thinking to contemporary issues. 3.Exhibit clear communication skills through investigative research and writing. 4.Utilize information technology skills appropriate to interdisciplinary studies. 5.Articulate the responsibility of global citizenship and multicultural understanding with regard to academic and professional pursuits. Then, identify the skills or competencies you have acquired through participation in general education courses that will prove valuable as you strive to meet academic and career goals. ( side note: My academic goal is to get a Phd in psychology and career goals is to be a Provost/ Dean or VP in academics at a university- currently working in management at a university now. )

GEN499 week1. Critically reflect on what you have learned through your involvement in general education courses in Bachelor in organizational management . Review the learning outcomes for this course:

1.Apply ethics and moral reasoning to academic knowledge and societal concerns.
2.Apply the principles of critical thinking to contemporary issues.
3.Exhibit clear communication skills through investigative research and writing.
4.Utilize information technology skills appropriate to interdisciplinary studies.
5.Articulate the responsibility of global citizenship and multicultural understanding with regard to academic and professional pursuits.
Then, identify the skills or competencies you have acquired through participation in general education courses that will prove valuable as you strive to meet academic and career goals.

( side note: My academic goal is to get a Phd in psychology and career goals is to be a Provost/ Dean or VP in academics at a university- currently working in management at a university now. )

Activity Description
For this assignment you will undertake an analysis based on a self-designed fictitious study that utilizes statistical analyses. You will first develop a fictitious problem to examine. It can be anything. For example, maybe you want to look at whether scores on a standardized college placement test (such as the SAT) are related to the level of income a person makes 10 years after college, or whether those who participate in a Leadership Training program were later rated as better managers compared to those who did not take the training, or whether political affiliation is related to gender. These are just a few examples. Be creative and think about what piques your interest. You might also address a problem that you may want to examine in future research for a thesis or dissertation.
You will use Excel to conduct the analysis. Write an analysis report in which you include the following:
2. State a hypothesis.
3. List and explain the variables you would collect in this study. There must be a minimum of three (3) variables and two (2) must meet the assumptions for a correlational analysis.
4. Create a fictitious data set that you will analyze. The data should have a minimum of 30 cases, but not more than 50 cases.
5. Conduct a descriptive data analysis that includes the following: a) a measure of central tendency; b) a measure of dispersion and c) at least one graph.
6. Briefly interpret the descriptive data analysis.
7. Conduct the appropriate statistical test that will answer your hypothesis. It must be a statistical test covered in this course such as regression analysis, single t-test, independent t-test, cross-tabulations, Chi-square, or One-Way ANOVA. Explain your justification for using the test based on the type of data and the level of measurement that the data lends to for the statistical analysis.
8. Report and interpret your findings. Use APA style and include a statement about whether you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.
9. Copy and paste your Excel data output to include it as an appendix to your document submission.
10. Remember, the goal of this project is to show what you have learned in the course. Therefore, this project becomes a cumulative learning project where you can demonstrate what you have learned through all the previous assignments, readings and video presentations that you have watched.
Support your paper with a minimum of five (5) scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.

Length: 10-12 pages not including title and reference pages, may include spreadsheets

USE 2 articles included & 3 additional

1

Introduction:
Signature Assignment: A Statistical Study
The signature assignment, as the cliché goes, is where “rubber meets the road.” Throughout this course, you were exposed to several
statistical theories and methods to evaluate hypotheses. It is now time to display your competence of the knowledge you have acquired. The
signature assignment for this course provides an opportunity for you to apply your skills and creativity to a self­designed fictitious study that
employs statistical analyses and requires you to use your computational, analytical, and interpretive skills.
Review the resources listed in the Books and Resources area below to prepare for this week’s assignments.

Books and Resources for this Week:

Books

Reference
Statistical reasoning for everyday life.

Instruction
Review Chapters
as needed

Document/Other

Reference
Kahn, J. (2010). Reporting Statistics in APA Style.
http://my.ilstu.edu/~jhkahn/apastats.html

#1 Article
Reporting Statistics in APA Style
Dr. Jeffrey Kahn, Illinois State University

The following examples illustrate how to report statistics in the text of a
research report. You will note that significance levels in journal articles-especially in tables–are often reported as either “p > .05,” “p < .05,” “p < .
01,” or “p < .001.” APA style dictates reporting the exact p value within the
text of a manuscript (unless the p value is less than .001).
Please pay attention to issues of italics and spacing. APA style is very precise
about these. Also, with the exception of some p values, most statistics should
be rounded to two decimal places.

Mean and Standard Deviation are most clearly presented in parentheses:
The sample as a whole was relatively young (M = 19.22, SD = 3.45).
The average age of students was 19.22 years (SD = 3.45).
Percentages are also most clearly displayed in parentheses with no decimal
places:

Instruction

2

Nearly half (49%) of the sample was married.
Chi-Square statistics are reported with degrees of freedom and sample size
in parentheses, the Pearson chi-square value (rounded to two decimal places),
and the significance level:
The percentage of participants that were married did not differ by
gender, ?2(1, N = 90) = 0.89, p = .35.
T Tests are reported like chi-squares, but only the degrees of freedom are in
parentheses. Following that, report the t statistic (rounded to two decimal
places) and the significance level.
There was a significant effect for gender, t(54) = 5.43, p < .001, with men
receiving higher scores than women.
ANOVAs (both one-way and two-way) are reported like the t test, but there
are two degrees-of-freedom numbers to report. First report the betweengroups degrees of freedom, then report the within-groups degrees of freedom
(separated by a comma). After that report the F statistic (rounded off to two
decimal places) and the significance level.
There was a significant main effect for treatment, F(1, 145) = 5.43, p = .02,
and a significant interaction, F(2, 145) = 3.24, p = .04.
Correlations are reported with the degrees of freedom (which is N-2) in
parentheses and the significance level:
The two variables were strongly correlated, r(55) = .49, p < .01.
Regression results are often best presented in a table. APA doesn’t say much
about how to report regression results in the text, but if you would like to
report the regression in the text of your Results section, you should at least
present the unstandardized or standardized slope (beta), whichever is more
interpretable given the data, along with the t-test and the corresponding
significance level. (Degrees of freedom for the t-test is N-k-1 where k equals
the number of predictor variables.) It is also customary to report the
percentage of variance explained along with the corresponding F test.
Social support significantly predicted depression scores, ??= -.34, t(225) =
6.53, p < .001. Social support also explained a significant proportion of
variance in depression scores, R2 = .12, F(1, 225) = 42.64, p < .001.

3

Tables are useful if you find that a paragraph has almost as many numbers as
words. If you do use a table, do not also report the same information in the
text. It’s either one or the other.

Based on:
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the
American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Reporting Results of Common Statistical Tests in APA Format. (2010).
http://web.psych.washington.edu/writingcenter/writingguides/pdf/stats.pdf

# 2 Article
University of Washington
Psychology Writing Center
http://www.psych.uw.edu/psych.php#p=339
Box 351525
[email protected]
(206) 685-8278

Copyright 2010, University of Washington stats.pdf

4

Reporting Results of Common Statistical Tests in APA Format

The goal of the results section in an empirical paper is to report the
results of the data analysis used to test a
hypothesis. The results section should be in condensed format and
lacking interpretation. Avoid discussing why
or how the experiment was performed or alluding to whether your
results are good or bad, expected or
unexpected, interesting or uninteresting. This document is
specifically about how to report statistical results.
Refer to our handout “Writing an APA Empirical (lab) Report” for
details on writing a results section.

Every statistical test that you report should relate directly to a
hypothesis. Begin the results section by restating
each hypothesis, then state whether your results supported it, then
give the data and statistics that allowed you to
draw this conclusion.

If you have multiple numerical results to report, it’s often a good idea
to present them in a figure (graph) or a
table (see our handout on APA table guidelines).

In reporting the results of statistical tests, report the descriptive
statistics, such as means and standard deviations,

5

as well as the test statistic, degrees of freedom, obtained value of the
test, and the probability of the result
occurring by chance (p value). Test statistics and p values should be
rounded to two decimal places. All
statistical symbols that are not Greek letters should be italicized (M,
SD, N, t, p, etc.).

When reporting a significant difference between two conditions,
indicate the direction of this difference, i.e.
which condition was more/less/higher/lower than the other
condition(s). Assume that your audience has a
professional knowledge of statistics. Don’t explain how or why you
used a certain test unless it is unusual.

p values
There are two ways to report p values. One way is to use the alpha
level (the a priori criterion for the
probablility of falsely rejecting your null hypothesis), which is
typically .05 or .01. Example: F(1, 24) = 44.4, p
< .01. You may also report the exact p value (the a posteriori
probability that the result that you obtained, or one
more extreme, occurred by chance). Example: t(33) = 2.10, p = .03. If
your exact p value is less than .001, it is
conventional to state merely p < .001. If you report exact p values,
state early in the results section the alpha
level used as a significance criterion for your tests. Example: “We
used an alpha level of .05 for all statistical

6

tests.”

EXAMPLES

Reporting a significant single sample t-test (µ ? µ0):
Students taking statistics courses in psychology at the University of
Washington reported studying more hours
for tests (M = 121, SD = 14.2) than did UW college students in in
general, t(33) = 2.10, p = .034.

Reporting a significant t-test for dependent groups (µ1 ? µ2):
Results indicate a significant preference for pecan pie (M = 3.45, SD =
1.11) over cherry pie (M = 3.00, SD =
.80), t(15) = 4.00, p = .001.

Reporting a significant t-test for independent groups (µ1 ? µ2):
UW students taking statistics courses in Psychology had higher IQ
scores (M = 121, SD = 14.2) than did those
taking statistics courses in Statistics (M = 117, SD = 10.3), t(44) = 1.23,
p = .09.

Over a two-day period, participants drank significantly fewer drinks in
the experimental group (M= 0.667, SD =
Copyright 2010, University of Washington stats.pdf

1.15) than did those in the wait-list control group (M= 8.00, SD= 2.00), t(4) = -5.51, p=.005.
Reporting a significant omnibus F test for a one­way ANOVA:
An analysis of variance showed that the effect of noise was significant, F(3,27) = 5.94, p = .007. Post hoc

7
analyses using the Scheffé post hoc criterion for significance indicated that the average number of errors
was
significantly lower in the white noise condition (M = 12.4, SD = 2.26) than in the other two noise
conditions
(traffic and industrial) combined (M = 13.62, SD = 5.56), F(3, 27) = 7.77, p = .042.
Reporting tests of a priori hypotheses in a multi­group study:
Tests of the four a priori hypotheses were conducted using Bonferroni adjusted alpha levels of .0125 per
test
(.05/4). Results indicated that the average number of errors was significantly lower in the silence
condition (M =
8.11, SD = 4.32) than were those in both the white noise condition (M = 12.4, SD = 2.26), F(1, 27) = 8.90,
p =
.011 and in the industrial noise condition (M = 15.28, SD = 3.30), F(1, 27) = 10.22, p = .007. The pairwise
comparison of the traffic noise condition with the silence condition was non-significant. The average
number of
errors in all noise conditions combined (M = 15.2, SD = 6.32) was significantly higher than those in the
silence
condition (M = 8.11, SD = 3.30), F(1, 27) = 8.66, p = .009.
Reporting results of major tests in factorial ANOVA; non­significant interaction:
Attitude change scores were subjected to a two-way analysis of variance having two levels of message
discrepancy (small, large) and two levels of source expertise (high, low). All effects were statistically
significant
at the .05 significance level.
The main effect of message discrepancy yielded an F ratio of F(1, 24) = 44.4, p < .001, indicating that the
mean
change score was significantly greater for large-discrepancy messages (M = 4.78, SD = 1.99) than for
smalldiscrepancy
messages (M = 2.17, SD = 1.25). The main effect of source expertise yielded an F ratio of F(1, 24)
= 25.4, p < .01, indicating that the mean change score was significantly higher in the high-expertise
message
source (M = 5.49, SD = 2.25) than in the low-expertise message source (M = 0.88, SD = 1.21). The
interaction
effect was non-significant, F(1, 24) = 1.22, p > .05.
Reporting results of major tests in factorial ANOVA; non­significant interaction:
A two-way analysis of variance yielded a main effect for the diner’s gender, F(1, 108) = 3.93, p < .05,
such that
the average tip was significantly higher for men (M = 15.3%, SD = 4.44) than for women (M = 12.6%, SD
=
6.18). The main effect of touch was non-significant, F(1, 108) = 2.24, p > .05. However, the interaction
effect
was significant, F(1, 108) = 5.55, p < .05, indicating that the gender effect was greater in the touch
condition
than in the non-touch condition.
Reporting the results of a chi­square test of independence:
A chi-square test of independence was performed to examine the relation between religion and college
interest.
The relation between these variables was significant, X2 (2, N = 170) = 14.14, p <.01. Catholic teens were
less
likely to show an interest in attending college than were Protestant teens.

8
Reporting the results of a chi­square test of goodness of fit:
A chi-square test of goodness-of-fit was performed to determine whether the three sodas were equally
preferred.
Preference for the three sodas was not equally distributed in the population, X2 (2, N = 55) = 4.53, p < .05.
Thanks to Laura Little, Ph.D., UW Department of Psychology, for providing the examples reported here

MGT5028-8 > Hypothesis Testing, T-Tests, Cross-Tabulations, and Chi-Square

Week 8 Assignment: Create and Analyze a Self-Designed Statistical Study

Activity Description
For this assignment you will undertake an analysis based on a self-designed fictitious study
that utilizes statistical analyses. You will first develop a fictitious problem to examine. It can be
anything. For example, maybe you want to look at whether scores on a standardized college
placement test (such as the SAT) are related to the level of income a person makes 10 years after
college, or whether those who participate in a Leadership Training program were later rated as
better managers compared to those who did not take the training, or whether political affiliation
is related to gender. These are just a few examples. Be creative and think about what piques your
interest. You might also address a problem that you may want to examine in future research
for a thesis or dissertation.
You will use Excel to conduct the analysis. Write an analysis report in which you include the
following:
2. State a hypothesis.
3. List and explain the variables you would collect in this study. There must be a

minimum of three (3) variables and two (2) must meet the assumptions for a
correlational analysis.
4. Create a fictitious data set that you will analyze. The data should have a minimum

of 30 cases, but not more than 50 cases.
5. Conduct a descriptive data analysis that includes the following: a) a measure of

central tendency; b) a measure of dispersion and c) at least one graph.
6. Briefly interpret the descriptive data analysis.
7. Conduct the appropriate statistical test that will answer your hypothesis. It must be

a statistical test covered in this course such as regression analysis, single t-test,
independent t-test, cross-tabulations, Chi-square, or One-Way ANOVA. Explain
your justification for using the test based on the type of data and the level of
measurement that the data lends to for the statistical analysis.

9
8. Report and interpret your findings. Use APA style and include a statement about

whether you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.
9. Copy and paste your Excel data output to include it as an appendix to your

document submission.
10. Remember, the goal of this project is to show what you have learned in the course.

Therefore, this project becomes a cumulative learning project where you can
demonstrate what you have learned through all the previous assignments, readings
and video presentations that you have watched.
Support your paper with a minimum of five (5) scholarly resources. In addition to these
specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be
included.
Length: 10-12 pages not including title and reference pages, may include spreadsheets
Your response should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are
presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your
response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards where appropriate. Be sure
Learning Outcomes
9.0 Determine alpha (p-values) values and interpret p-levels as related to statistical significance.
10.0 Utilize statistical software such as Excel to conduct data analysis.
11.0 Analyze the use and applicability of statistics in personal, professional, and academic
applications, and as a tool for research.

ASSIGNMENT Legal Underpinnings of Business Law Imagine that you own each of the following businesses: Tinker’s Home Security Service (sole proprietorship) Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service (general partnership) Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service (LP) Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service, Inc. (corporation) Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service, LLC (LLC) The businesses are being sued for breach of contract. Create a matrix that lists each business, and compare and contrast your personal liability exposure as an owner as a result of the lawsuit. For each business entity, analyze how you might limit your liability exposure as an owner. Describe a business that you may own some day or that you currently own. (Even if you never plan to own a business, pretend as if you will do so for the purposes of this assignment.) Examine the best business organizational form for the business that you have described, including in your examination personal liability exposure, management, taxation, and ease of formation. Submit a three to four page paper (not including title and reference pages). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide and you must cite at least three scholarly sources in addition to the textbook.

ASSIGNMENT

Imagine that you own each of the following businesses:

Tinker’s Home Security Service (sole proprietorship)
Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service (general partnership)
Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service (LP)
Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service, Inc. (corporation)
Tinker & Tailor’s Home Security Service, LLC (LLC)

1. The businesses are being sued for breach of contract. Create a matrix that lists each business, and compare and contrast your personal liability exposure as an owner as a result of the lawsuit.
2. For each business entity, analyze how you might limit your liability exposure as an owner.
3. Describe a business that you may own some day or that you currently own. (Even if you never plan to own a business, pretend as if you will do so for the purposes of this assignment.) Examine the best business organizational form for the business that you have described, including in your examination personal liability exposure, management, taxation, and ease of formation.

Submit a three to four page paper (not including title and reference pages). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide and you must cite at least three scholarly sources in addition to the textbook.

Introduction to Statistics / MAT300 SPRING 2014 1.Estimating the standard deviation of grouped data “Senioritis” is a temporary, non-fatal illness afflicting thousands of high school and college seniors every year. Its chief symptom is a desire to be doing anything but schoolwork. A possible measure of the overall senioritis in a high school senior class is the percentage of seniors who miss school on “senior skip day.” The histogram below summarizes some “senior skip day” attendance data from the past 24 years for one high school. Given on the horizontal axis of the histogram is the percentage of seniors who actually missed school on “senior skip day.” Based on this histogram, estimate the standard deviation of the sample of 24 percentages. Carry your intermediate computations to at least four decimal places, and round your answer to at least one decimal place. (If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

Introduction to Statistics / MAT300 SPRING 2014

1.Estimating the standard deviation of grouped data
“Senioritis” is a temporary, non-fatal illness afflicting thousands of high school and college seniors every year. Its chief symptom is a desire to be doing anything but schoolwork.

A possible measure of the overall senioritis in a high school senior class is the percentage of seniors who miss school on “senior skip day.” The histogram below summarizes some “senior skip day” attendance data from the past 24 years for one high school. Given on the horizontal axis of the histogram is the percentage of seniors who actually missed school on “senior skip day.”

Based on this histogram, estimate the standard deviation of the sample of 24 percentages. Carry your intermediate computations to at least four decimal places, and round your answer to at least one decimal place.

(If necessary, consult a list of formulas.)

In a paper of 1,500-1,750 words, develop an HR strategy for a current or prospective company. Detail the implementation plan for your specific HR strategy. Incorporate concepts learned throughout this course.

In a paper of 1,500-1,750 words, develop an HR strategy for a current or prospective company. Detail the implementation plan for your specific HR strategy. Incorporate concepts learned throughout this course.

Discussion and Review Questions: 1, 2, 3a, 3b, & 3c (p. 542), Case: Promotional Novelties (p. 549) Please answer each assigned question completely, and be sure to spell-check before posting your assignment. Your assignment must be submitted as a MS Word document. Submit your assignment to the Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page

• Discussion and Review Questions: 1, 2, 3a, 3b, & 3c (p. 542), Case: Promotional Novelties (p. 549)

Please answer each assigned question completely, and be sure to spell-check before posting your assignment. Your assignment must be submitted as a MS Word document.

Submit your assignment to the Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page

We are bombarded by statistical information from a wide variety of sources. Much of the statistical research performed in the world is conducted with a great deal of integrity, validity, and reliability. However, there are many statistical studies that are conducted that are—whether intentionally or unintentionally—plagued by bias. As a member of society, and as a consumer, it is prudent to develop the skills necessary to critically examine reported statistical claims. Determining whether the report contains bias is a great way to determine the reliability of study results and make a better informed decision. In this assignment, you will apply the guidelines found in the textbook Unit 5B “Should You Believe a Statistical Study?” in order to critically analyze the content, design, and reported results of a statistical study. Conduct an Internet search to find a study whose statistical results have been published in the news or any other public forum. Applying the following guidelines, critically analyze the study’s reported content and results. Identify the goal, population, and type of study. Who conducted the study? Is there bias here? Is there bias in the sample used in the study? Are there any problems in defining or measuring the variables of interest in the study? Are there any confounding variables present in the study? Are the results presented fairly? Is the study’s conclusion reasonable? Does it make sense? Do the results make practical significance? Write your initial response in a minimum of 200 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

We are bombarded by statistical information from a wide variety of sources. Much of the statistical research performed in the world is conducted with a great deal of integrity, validity, and reliability. However, there are many statistical studies that are conducted that are—whether intentionally or unintentionally—plagued by bias.

As a member of society, and as a consumer, it is prudent to develop the skills necessary to critically examine reported statistical claims. Determining whether the report contains bias is a great way to determine the reliability of study results and make a better informed decision.

In this assignment, you will apply the guidelines found in the textbook Unit 5B “Should You Believe a Statistical Study? in order to critically analyze the content, design, and reported results of a statistical study.

Conduct an Internet search to find a study whose statistical results have been published in the news or any other public forum. Applying the following guidelines, critically analyze the study’s reported content and results.

1. Identify the goal, population, and type of study.
2. Who conducted the study? Is there bias here?
3. Is there bias in the sample used in the study?
4. Are there any problems in defining or measuring the variables of interest in the study?
5. Are there any confounding variables present in the study?
6. Are the results presented fairly?
7. Is the study’s conclusion reasonable? Does it make sense?
8. Do the results make practical significance?

Write your initial response in a minimum of 200 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Exercise 4: Drag and Applications Part 1: Drag Givens (Questions 1 – 6): Weight (W) 15,000 lb CDP 0.021 Wing Area (S) 230 ft2 CLmax at Stall 1.5 Aspect Ratio (AR) 5.3 Note: Assume the drag polar is a parabola Span Efficiency (e) 0.85 Temperature Standard Altitude Sea Level Complete the following table for this particular typical transport jet. Start the table at stall speed, VS. Then answer the questions at the end using the values from the table. You can use an excel spreadsheet to create the answers for the table. V (KTAS) q (psf) CL CD CL / CD DP (lb) DI (lb) DT (lb) VS 120 140 160 180 190 200 220 240 260 Equations for Table: q = CL = CDi =[1/ (?eAR)] CL 2 CD = CDP + CDi CD = CDP + [1/ ( e AR)] CL 2 Dp = CDpq S Di = CDi q S = [1/ ( e AR)] CL2 q S Dt = Di + Dp = CD q S 1. Determine VSTALL (Stall speed in KTAS) 2. Determine DMIN (Minimum total drag in pounds) 3. Determine VDMIN (Speed in KTAS at minimum drag) 4. Determine the parasitic drag at DMIN (pounds) 5. Determine the induced drag at DMIN (pounds) 6. Find Glide Ratio at VDMIN Part 2: Applications of Lift and Drag Givens (Questions 7-11): Weight (W) = 15,000 lb Wing Area (S) = 230 ft2 Altitude = Sea Level Temperature Standard (The Given Figure below is not exactly the same aircraft as above, but close) Figure 1.13 from Aerodynamics for Naval Aviators (1965). 7. What is the Angle of Attack at Stall for the aircraft in Figure 1.13? 8. What is the airspeed associated with initial onset of stall? (KEAS) 9. If the gross weight is increased by 10%, how would the stall speed change? 10. What Angle of Attack is associated with Best L/D? 11. What would be the best Glide Ratio for this aircraft?

Exercise 4: Drag and Applications

Part 1: Drag

Givens (Questions 1 – 6):

Weight (W) 15,000 lb CDP 0.021

Wing Area (S) 230 ft2 CLmax at Stall 1.5

Aspect Ratio (AR) 5.3 Note: Assume the drag polar is a parabola

Span Efficiency (e) 0.85

Temperature Standard

Altitude Sea Level

Complete the following table for this particular typical transport jet. Start the table at stall speed, VS. Then answer the questions at the end using the values from the table. You can use an excel spreadsheet to create the answers for the table.

 V (KTAS) q (psf) CL CD CL / CD DP (lb) DI (lb) DT (lb) VS 120 140 160 180 190 200 220 240 260

Equations for Table:

q = CL = CDi =[1/ (?eAR)] CL 2

CD = CDP + CDi CD = CDP + [1/ ( e AR)] CL 2 Dp = CDpq S

Di = CDi q S = [1/ ( e AR)] CL2 q S Dt = Di + Dp = CD q S

1. Determine VSTALL (Stall speed in KTAS)

2. Determine DMIN (Minimum total drag in pounds)

3. Determine VDMIN (Speed in KTAS at minimum drag)

4. Determine the parasitic drag at DMIN (pounds)

5. Determine the induced drag at DMIN (pounds)

6. Find Glide Ratio at VDMIN

Part 2: Applications of Lift and Drag

Givens (Questions 7-11):

Weight (W) = 15,000 lb

Wing Area (S) = 230 ft2

Altitude = Sea Level

Temperature Standard

(The Given Figure below is not exactly the same aircraft as above, but close)

Figure 1.13 from Aerodynamics for Naval Aviators (1965).

7. What is the Angle of Attack at Stall for the aircraft in Figure 1.13?

8. What is the airspeed associated with initial onset of stall? (KEAS)

9. If the gross weight is increased by 10%, how would the stall speed change?

10. What Angle of Attack is associated with Best L/D?

11. What would be the best Glide Ratio for this aircraft?

Question 3

1. Today, you are purchasing a \$1,093 5-year car loan at 8 percent. You will pay annually at the end of each year. What is the amount of each payment?

Question 7

1. The ABC Company is considering a new project which will require an initial cash investment of \$15,870. The projected cash flows for years 1 through 4 are \$5,630, \$6,434, \$8,928, and \$4,501, respectively. If the appropriate discount rate is 9%, compute the NPV of the project.

Enter your answer rounded off to two decimal points. Do not enter \$ in the answer box.

Question 8

1. If you receive \$299 at the end of each year for the first three years and \$617 at the end of each year for the next three years. What is the present value? Assume interest rate is 8%.

Hint: This is an uneven cash flow problem. Use the CF function and solve for NPV to get the answer.

Just enter the number up to 2 decimal points. Do not enter \$ in the answer box

Question 9

1. 026:

Say, you deposit \$1,541 in a bank for 19 years. What is the amount you will have in the bank at the end of 19 years if interest of 4 % for first 5 years and interest of 8 % for the remaining years? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 10

1. How much do you need to invest today in order to have \$12,538 at the end of 16 years if you are sure to earn an interest at the rate of 3%? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 12

1. If you can triple your money in 24 years, what is the implied rate of interest? Note: Do not put % sign in your answer. Simply write the number in percentages in the answer box..

Question 13

1. 027:

Say, you deposit \$4,561 in a bank for 17 years. What is the amount you will have in the bank at the end of 17 years if interest of 4 % compounded monthly for first 8 years and interest of 7 % compounded quarterly for the remaining years? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 14

1. What is the future value of \$1,860 for 7 years at 6 percent if interest is compounded semi-annually? Note: Do not enter “\$” in your answer. Simply write down the number that you get as your answer.

Question 15

1. What is the future value of \$2,786 invested for 9 years at 8% if interest is compounded quarterly? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 16

1. How many months it will take to grow your money from \$4,730 to \$7,028 if you can earn an interest of 5% compounded monthly? Note: Do not write “months” in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 17

1. Assume interest rate of 9%. Suppose that you receive \$114,945 at the end of each year for 4 years. Suppose that this cash flow starts at the end of the fourth year. Compute the present value.

Do not enter the symbol \$ in your answer. Simply enter the answer rounded off to two decimal points.

Question 18

1. How much do you need to invest today in order to have \$6,756 at the end of 6 years if you are sure to earn an interest at the rate of 10%, if interest is compounded monthly? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 19

1. What is the effective rate of 13% compounded monthly?

Do not enter the symbol % in your answer. Simply enter the answer in percentages rounded off to two decimal points.

Question 20

1. What should you be willing to pay in order to receive \$916 annually forever, if you require 4% per year on the investment?

Just enter the number up to 2 decimal points. Do not enter \$ in the answer box.

Question 21

1. 023A:

If you can double your money in 7 years, what is the implied annual rate of interest, given that compounded semi-annually? Note: give your answer in percentages. Note: Do not put % sign in your answer. Simply write the number in percentages in the answer box.

Question 22

1. What is the future value of quarterly payments of \$795 for 14 years at 6 percent?

Question 23

1. What is the future value of \$1,419 invested for 20 years at 7% if interest is compounded semi-annually (twice a year)? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 24

1. How many years it will take to grow your money from \$4,615 to \$6,725 if you can earn an interest of 13% compounded quarterly? Note: Do not write “years” in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 25

1. Assume interest rate of 8%. A company receives cash flows of \$542 at the end of year 5, \$275 at the end of year 7, and \$691 at the end of year 10. Compute the future value of this cash flow stream.

Question 26

1. How much do you need to invest today in order to have \$683 at the end of 23 years if you are sure to earn an interest at the rate of 8%, if interest is compounded quarterly? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 27

1. What is the future value of annual payments of \$3,598 for 19 years at 5 percent?

Question 29

1. How many years it will take to grow your money from \$3,478 to \$6,842 if you can earn an interest of 14% compounded monthly? Note: Do not write “years” in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 30

1. What is the future value of \$4,254 invested for 12 years at 8% if interest is compounded semi-annually? Note: Do not put \$ sign in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 31

1. How many years it will take you to double your money if you can earn 5% each year, given that compounding is quarterly? Note: Do not write “years” in your answer. Simply write the number in the answer box.

Question 32

1. Kelly starting setting aside funds 6 years ago to buy some new equipment for her firm. She has saved \$607 each quarter and earned an average rate of return of 5 percent. How much money does she currently have saved for this purpose?

Question 34

1. Barrett Pharmaceuticals is considering a drug project that costs \$174,959 today and is expected to generate end-of-year annual cash flows of \$13,959, forever. At what discount rate would Barrett be indifferent between accepting and rejecting the project?

Just enter the number in percentages up to 2 decimal points. Do not enter % in the answer box.

Question 35

1. In order to buy a house, you take a loan of 100,000 at 7.5% for a period of 13 years. Compute the balance remaining at the end of 5 years.

Question 36

1. The ABC Company is considering a new project which will require an initial cash investment of \$5,474. The project will produce no cash flows for the first 5 years. The projected cash flows for years 6 through 9 are \$3,514, \$3,809, \$2,905, and \$5,345, respectively. If the appropriate discount rate is 13%, compute the NPV of the project.

Assignment 2: Human Resource Management Training Proposal Imagine you have been selected to conduct a recruiting and staffing training program for a group of new human resource management (HRM) employees at a health care company. You need to prepare a proposal for the organization outlining your strategy for the training program. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Create an overview of the process and steps involved in human resource planning, recruiting, interviewing, selecting, and hiring of employees. 2. Develop a comprehensive strategy for training new employees. Focusing on the role of the new employees within the organization. 3. Propose two to four (2-4) training strategies aimed at motivating the employees to learn key aspects about their new jobs. 4. Determine key issues that human resource management employees would be likely to encounter in the health care field. Prepare a plan that will enable the new employees to address each issue which includes instructional strategies, resources that will be utilized, and evaluation criteria for determining success. 5. Design at least three (3) visual components that enhance the program you have outlined, such as charts or diagrams. 6. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:? Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. ? Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Assignment 2: Human Resource Management Training Proposal

Imagine you have been selected to conduct a recruiting and staffing training program for a group of new human resource management (HRM) employees at a health care company. You need to prepare a proposal for the organization outlining your strategy for the training program.

Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

1. Create an overview of the process and steps involved in human resource planning, recruiting, interviewing, selecting, and hiring of employees.

2. Develop a comprehensive strategy for training new employees. Focusing on the role of the new employees within the organization.

3. Propose two to four (2-4) training strategies aimed at motivating the employees to learn key aspects about their new jobs.

4. Determine key issues that human resource management employees would be likely to encounter in the health care field. Prepare a plan that will enable the new employees to address each issue which includes instructional strategies, resources that will be utilized, and evaluation criteria for determining success.

5. Design at least three (3) visual components that enhance the program you have outlined, such as charts or diagrams.

6. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources.

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. ? Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Part 5: Project Quality Management The Remote Deposit Capture Project team is working hard to ensure that the new system meets expectations. Even though you have a detailed scope statement, schedule, and so on, you want to be sure that the project will please key stakeholders, in particular Harold, the project sponsor, and Tricia, the VP of Marketing. Both of these senior managers are very aware of customers’ needs, so it is important that the new service is stable, secure, and easy to use. They both want the remote deposit capture capability to be ready as soon as possible so the company can start promoting this new service. You know that you cannot meet the schedule goal and provide a high quality service. You also think you will need additional funds since both suppliers have spent more than planned already, and you are only halfway into the project. Tasks 1. Develop a list of quality standards or requirements related to meeting the stakeholder expectations, focusing on both senior management and customer expectations. Provide a brief description of at least four different requirements. For example, a requirement might be that the new feature is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and that the time it takes to properly scan one check is less than ten seconds. 2. You have decided to expand the testing program to observe several potential customers using early versions of the system to get their feedback. Write a one- to two-page paper describing how this testing might work. Try to find information on how real companies get customer feedback such as this. 3. After analyzing results of early customer testing of the new system, you decide to create a Pareto diagram to easily see what problems or suggestions users reported. Use the template for a Pareto diagram and the following information to

Part 5: Project Quality Management The Remote Deposit Capture Project team is working hard to ensure that the new system meets expectations. Even though you have a detailed scope statement, schedule, and so on, you want to be sure that the project will please key stakeholders, in particular Harold, the project sponsor, and Tricia, the VP of Marketing. Both of these senior managers are very aware of customers’ needs, so it is important that the new service is stable, secure, and easy to use. They both want the remote deposit capture capability to be ready as soon as possible so the company can start promoting this new service. You know that you cannot meet the schedule goal and provide a high quality service. You also think you will need additional funds since both suppliers have spent more than planned already, and you are only halfway into the project. Tasks 1. Develop a list of quality standards or requirements related to meeting the stakeholder expectations, focusing on both senior management and customer expectations. Provide a brief description of at least four different requirements. For example, a requirement might be that the new feature is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and that the time it takes to properly scan one check is less than ten seconds. 2. You have decided to expand the testing program to observe several potential customers using early versions of the system to get their feedback. Write a one- to two-page paper describing how this testing might work. Try to find information on how real companies get customer feedback such as this. 3. After analyzing results of early customer testing of the new system, you decide to create a Pareto diagram to easily see what problems or suggestions users reported. Use the template for a Pareto diagram and the following information to

***Answers must be at least 350 words each*** 1. How have employees, employers, unions, and the government affected compensation practices? 2. Explain the job evaluation process and the two types of job evaluation techniques compensation professionals employ. 3. Describe the various types of retirement plans in existence today. What factors about these plans should be considered before choosing a particular one? 4. Discuss the similarities and differences that exist between merit pay plans and incentive pay plans.

***Answers must be at least 350 words each***

1. How have employees, employers, unions, and the government affected compensation practices?

2. Explain the job evaluation process and the two types of job evaluation techniques compensation professionals employ.

3. Describe the various types of retirement plans in existence today. What factors about these plans should be considered before choosing a particular one?

4. Discuss the similarities and differences that exist between merit pay plans and incentive pay plans.

Beck Manufacturing and Plant Capacity Read the “Beck Manufacturing” case study in Chapter 8 of your text. In a three- to four-page paper, address the following: a.Calculate the capacity of each machine center and the capacity of the system. b.Analyze where the focus of the company’s efforts should be if Beck wants to expand capacity. Determine how much extra capacity he can get without causing another operation to become the bottleneck. c.Suggest ways Beck can expand capacity without purchasing new equipment. Your paper should be in paragraph form (avoid the use of bullet points) and supported with the concepts outlined in your text and additional scholarly sources Submit your three- to four-page paper (not including the title and reference pages). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center and must cite at least three scholarly sources in addition to the textbook.

Beck Manufacturing and Plant Capacity

Read the “Beck Manufacturing” case study in Chapter 8 of your text. In a three- to four-page paper, address the following:

a.Calculate the capacity of each machine center and the capacity of the system.

b.Analyze where the focus of the company’s efforts should be if Beck wants to expand capacity. Determine how much extra capacity he can get without causing another operation to become the bottleneck.

c.Suggest ways Beck can expand capacity without purchasing new equipment.

Your paper should be in paragraph form (avoid the use of bullet points) and supported with the concepts outlined in your text and additional scholarly sources

Submit your three- to four-page paper (not including the title and reference pages). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center and must cite at least three scholarly sources in addition to the textbook.

Think of all the information on a financial statement and the ways to analyze it. Select an analysis method and state one advantage and one disadvantage of that analysis method in a specific business situation. Describe your business situation briefly but clearly.

Think of all the information on a financial statement and the ways to analyze it. Select an analysis method and state one advantage and one disadvantage of that analysis method in a specific business situation. Describe your business situation briefly but clearly.

Write a paper of no more than 1,400 words, addressing the following items: How changes to the project scope, timeline, and budget are managed and reported How project cost and schedule performance is measured and reported How project quality is managed and reported Reasons why your project could be closed Closure processes you use for normal completion, such as having objectives met Ethical considerations you may have to make through the project lifecycle and ways to respond Explain the processes that must be in place to effectively manage each aspect of the project and your rationale for selecting techniques you plan to use. Include scholarly references in addition to texts used in the Project Management concentration. Include components produced in earlier weeks and shown above.

Write a paper of no more than 1,400 words, addressing the following items: How changes to the project scope, timeline, and budget are managed and reported How project cost and schedule performance is measured and reported How project quality is managed and reported Reasons why your project could be closed Closure processes you use for normal completion, such as having objectives met Ethical considerations you may have to make through the project lifecycle and ways to respond Explain the processes that must be in place to effectively manage each aspect of the project and your rationale for selecting techniques you plan to use. Include scholarly references in addition to texts used in the Project Management concentration. Include components produced in earlier weeks and shown above.

Question 1 All public servants have the following characteristics EXCEPT: A. paid from public purse. B. special duties. C. power to use force. D. held to higher standard. Question 2 Which of the following is NOT one of Braswell’s reasons to study ethics? A. Critical thinking B. Awareness C. Wholesight D. Public image Question 3 The highly technical discipline investigating the meaning of ethical terms including a critical study of how ethical statements can be verified is: Question 4 Which of the following would NOT be considered a moral judgment? A. Capital punishment is just. B. Abortion results in the death of fetuses. C. Generosity is desirable. D. Sodomy is a personal choice that individuals have a right to make. Question 5 Ethical work decisions fall into three of the following categories; which one does NOT belong? Question 6 Superogatories have to do with: A. commendable actions. B. virtues. C. laws. D. meta-ethics. Question 7 Which of the following is an example of a value? A. It is raining. B. Rain is good. C. He is a liar. D. He is a criminal. Question 8 Good Samaritan laws require citizens to: A. give a certain percentage of salary to charity. B. render assistance to those who are victims of accidents or crimes. C. assist police officers. D. report all crimes. Question 9 The four levels of legal culpability are: A. negligence, recklessness, knowing, intentional. B. mens rea, actusreus, causation, concurrence. C. negligence, knowing, mens rea, intentional. D. negligence, recklessness, volition, intentional. Question 10 Which of the following is an example of an imperfect duty? A. To be generous B. To tell the truth when testifying under oath C. To not cheat on a test D. To jump into a river to save a drowning person Question 11 Which of the following is NOT a requirement of ethical systems? A. Universal in nature B. Authoritative C. Based on God (however defined) D. Not self-serving Question 12 The difference between deontological ethical systems and teleological ethical systems is that: Question 13 Immanuel Kant is most associated with which ethical system? A. Utilitarianism B. Ethics of Care C. Ethics of Virtue D. Ethical Formalism Question 14 Which statement is NOT consistent with Ethical Formalism? A. Moral law is self-imposed. B. Moral actions are determined by reason. C. Lying is never justified. D. Individuals cannot control the consequences of their decisions. Question 15 Which ethical system embraces human’s inclination for self-preservation? Question 16 Which is NOT considered a moral virtue? A. Thriftiness B. Industriousness C. Love D. Honesty Question 17 This ethical system that is concerned with needs and relationships is: A. virtue. B. religion. C. ethical formalism. D. ethics of care. Question 18 Subcultural deviance theory is most consistent with which type of ethical system? Question 19 Hypothetical imperatives are: A. a form of punctuation that can change the meaning of sentences. B. part of the deontological ethical system. C. the same as categorical imperatives. D. commands that designate certain actions to attain certain ends. Question 20 Utilitarianism is associated with __________, a philosopher in the 1700s and 1800s.

Question 1

All public servants have the following characteristics EXCEPT:

A. paid from public purse.

B. special duties.

C. power to use force.

D. held to higher standard.

Question 2

Which of the following is NOT one of Braswell’s reasons to study ethics?

A. Critical thinking

B. Awareness

C. Wholesight

D. Public image

Question 3

The highly technical discipline investigating the meaning of ethical terms including a critical study of how ethical statements can be verified is:

Question 4

Which of the following would NOT be considered a moral judgment?

A. Capital punishment is just.

B. Abortion results in the death of fetuses.

C. Generosity is desirable.

D. Sodomy is a personal choice that individuals have a right to make.

Question 5

Ethical work decisions fall into three of the following categories; which one does NOT belong?

Question 6

Superogatories have to do with:

A. commendable actions.

B. virtues.

C. laws.

D. meta-ethics.

Question 7

Which of the following is an example of a value?

A. It is raining.

B. Rain is good.

C. He is a liar.

D. He is a criminal.

Question 8

Good Samaritan laws require citizens to:

A. give a certain percentage of salary to charity.

B. render assistance to those who are victims of accidents or crimes.

C. assist police officers.

D. report all crimes.

Question 9

The four levels of legal culpability are:

A. negligence, recklessness, knowing, intentional.

B. mens rea, actusreus, causation, concurrence.

C. negligence, knowing, mens rea, intentional.

D. negligence, recklessness, volition, intentional.

Question 10

Which of the following is an example of an imperfect duty?

A. To be generous

B. To tell the truth when testifying under oath

C. To not cheat on a test

D. To jump into a river to save a drowning person

Question 11

Which of the following is NOT a requirement of ethical systems?

A. Universal in nature

B. Authoritative

C. Based on God (however defined)

D. Not self-serving

Question 12

The difference between deontological ethical systems and teleological ethical systems is that:

Question 13

Immanuel Kant is most associated with which ethical system?

A. Utilitarianism

B. Ethics of Care

C. Ethics of Virtue

D. Ethical Formalism

Question 14

Which statement is NOT consistent with Ethical Formalism?

A. Moral law is self-imposed.

B. Moral actions are determined by reason.

C. Lying is never justified.

D. Individuals cannot control the consequences of their decisions.

Question 15

Which ethical system embraces human’s inclination for self-preservation?

Question 16

Which is NOT considered a moral virtue?

A. Thriftiness

B. Industriousness

C. Love

D. Honesty

Question 17

This ethical system that is concerned with needs and relationships is:

A. virtue.

B. religion.

C. ethical formalism.

D. ethics of care.

Question 18

Subcultural deviance theory is most consistent with which type of ethical system?

Question 19

Hypothetical imperatives are:

A. a form of punctuation that can change the meaning of sentences.

B. part of the deontological ethical system.

C. the same as categorical imperatives.

D. commands that designate certain actions to attain certain ends.

Question 20

Utilitarianism is associated with __________, a philosopher in the 1700s and 1800s.

The work below has been written by another student. Please reply to it proving at least 250 word, APA format, and at least 2 citations. Thanks (Velvet)

Topic: You have been reading about dealing with conflict in group. You viewed conflict in the Corey et al. DVD and discussed the leader’s role in conflict in the workbook. Reflect on your readings from Jacobs et al., Forsyth, and the Corey et al. workbook and discuss your insights as you addressed the section of “Challenges Facing Group Leaders” in your workbook. Make sure to properly cite your sources and reference your citations at the end.

In any type of group arena, there will be conflict. Everyone involved has a difference of opinion, ideas, and some may not voice an opinion at all; so by trying to avoid conflict by not saying anything just creates more conflict. I think that conflict for one can be interesting in group settings and even helpful. When I say helpful I mean that it can open up lines of communication and encourage different ideas even if they aren’t voiced appropriately. Jacobs (2012) discusses that there are thirteen common problems that are associated with groups. For each of these common problems Jacobs (2012) has identified ways to handle each of these problems. I have experience with the “chronic talker, as well as the member who tries to get the leader.” According to the Jacobs (2012) text the first thing a leader should do is shift the focus away from any power struggle. Once I read that I knew that I was always handling that particular member in the wrong way. I also read that I’ve handled the chronic talker in an inappropriate manner. It is important that whatever difficult group member that you encounter, you know how to handle the situation and you know when to ask a member to leave because maintaining a certain dynamic of the group so that you don’t lose focus is one of the most important aspects. Maintaining the focus of the group and assuring the other members that you as the leader can and know how to handle difficult members and situations can be a big part of whether the group can move forward in a healthy working relationship or fall apart at the seams.

Reference Jacobs, E. E., Masson, R. L., Harvill, R. L., and Schimmel, C. J. (2012). Group counseling: Strategies and skills (7th ed.) Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Select the single best answer for each question or statement, then transfer your

answers to the appropriate scan sheet provided.

a. creating change.

b. influencing followers.

c. maintaining.

d. shared purpose.

2. Attempts to achieve teamwork, empowerment, and diversity can succeed only if:

b. managers want to treat people the way they treat machines or the

bottom line.

c. leaders value change over stability, control, competition, and

uniformity.

d. leaders hire people who think and work alike.

3. Reasons for executive derailment include:

a. insensitive, abrasive, intimidating, bullying style.

b. good people skills.

c. overmanaging: unable to delegate or build a team.

d. Both A and C

BU450: Leadership Skills – Page 1

life/Work Experience Examination – Part I

4. Strong leadership is needed because:

a. the environment of the 21 st century is predictable.

b. planning, leading, organizing, and controlling are the required

skills for the future.

c. giving workers clear job assignments is the main task of a business

executive.

d. of globalization, e-commerce, telecommuting, virtual teams, and

outsourcing.

5. considered if a leader acted in an autocratic or democratic manner

toward followers and how this correlated to leadership effectiveness.

a. Trait Theories

b. Influence Theories

c. Great Man Theories

d. Behavior Theories

6. Trait research does NOT consider the following personal characteristics of

a. personal characteristics such as energy.

b. personality characteristics such as self-confidence.

c. social characteristics such as interpersonal skills.

d. professional characteristics such as work experience.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Pari I

7. Initiating stmcture describes the following leadership behavior:

b. A leader who is sensitive to subordinates and respects their ideas,

and feelings.

c. A leader who seeks input from subordinates regarding important

decisions.

d. A leader who listens carefully to problems.

8. Contingency approaches can best be described as:

a. leadership styles that seek to delineate the characteristics of

situations.

b. leadership styles appropriate for one situation which may not work

in another.

c. leadership traits or behaviors that can improve performance in all

situations.

d. Both A and B

9. In Fiedler’s model, leadership style was measured with a questionnaire known as:

a. the least preferred coworker (LPC) scale.

c. neutralizers.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Part I

10. A leader who shared ideas with followers and facilitates decision making is using

Hersey and Blanchard’s:

a. telling style.

b. selling style.

c. participating style.

d. delegating style.

11. Highly educated, professional subordinates who know what their tasks are and do

not need a leader are an example of:

a. the path-goal theory.

b. the readiness level of subordinates.

12. A Theory Y leader believes all EXCEPT:

a. subordinates enjoy work.

b. subordinates are lazy and dislike work.

c. subordinates seek responsibility.

d. subordinates will exercise creativity and imagination.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Part I

13. Based on limited MBTI research, the two preferences that seem to be most

a. thinking and judging.

b. extroversion and feeling.

c. intuition and perceiving.

d. sensing and thinking.

14. When the perceiver develops an overall impression of a person or situation based

on one characteristic, occurs.

a. projection

b. perceptual defense

c. the halo effect

15. Theories people hold about specific systems in the world and their expected

behavior are called:

a. the Pike Syndrome.

b. mental models.

c. the “whole brain” concept.

d. mindfulness.

BU450: Leadership Skills – Page 5

life/Work Experience Examination – Part I

16. Independent thinking means:

a. seeing patterns in the organizational whole instead of just the parts.

b. having deep-seated assumptions, beliefs, blind spots, biases, and

prejudices.

c. having a personal vision.

d. questioning assumptions and interpreting data according to one’s

own beliefs.

17. An important element of systems thinking is to discern circles of causality

because:

a. managers can guide the system when they understand it

conceptually.

b. problems are solved by breaking down into discrete pieces.

c. each piece adds to the success of the whole.

d. relationships between the parts of the system are unimportant.

18. Self-awareness refers to:

a. the ability to connect to others.

b~ the ability to put oneself in some else’s shoes.

c. being conscious of your own emotions.

d. the ability to be hopeful and optimistic.

BU450: Leadership Skills – Page 6

life/Work Experience Examination – Part I

19. The conventional level of personal moral development is characterized by:

a. following rules.

b. following internalized principles of justice.

c. follows authority with blind obedience.

d. fulfilling duties and obligations of the social system.

20. Servant leadership can best be described as the belief that:

a. leaders are deeply accountable to others.

b. employee participation should be increased through teams.

c. self-interest should be replaced by serving the needs of others.

d. power, purpose, and privilege reside with those at the top of the

organization.

21. Colleen Rowley, an FBI staff member called attention to agency shortcomings

that may have contributed to the September 11, 2001 tragedy. This behavior is

best described as:

a. ethical behavior.

b. courage.

c. stewardship.

d. whistleblowing.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Part I

22. Dependent, uncritical thinkers:

a. are aware of the significance of their actions.

b. are aware of the actions of others.

c. accept the leader’s ideas without thinking.

d. weigh the impact of decisions on the company vision.

23. If a leader’s actions and decisions contradict the best interests of the organization,

effective followers:

a. take a stand.

c. sacrifice their personal integrity.

24. Personal sources of power include:

a. central location.

b. knowledge and effort.

c. network of relationships.

d. flow of information.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Pari I

25. calls for leaders to share power and responsibility in such a way that

anyone can become a leader, depending on the situation.

a. Authoritarian management

b. Mentoring

BU450: Leadership Skills – Page 9

life/Work Experience Examination – Pari II

Select the single best answer for each question or statement, then transfer your

answers to the appropriate scan sheet provided.

1. are made up of individuals who are informally bound to one another

through exposure to a similar set of problems and a common pursuit of solutions.

a. Communities of Practice

b. Skunkworks

c. Vertical Hierarchies

2. A follower can be a resource for the leader by:

constraints.

b. giving up idealized leader images.

d. building a relationship.

3. Studying followership is important for all reasons EXCEPT:

a. followers do not become leaders.

b. followers have an influence on the leader.

c. desirable qualities in a leader are also desirable in a follower.

d. leaders and followers are roles that individuals shift in and out of

in various conditions.

BU450: Leadership Skills – Page 1

life/Work Experience Examination – Part II

4. The person who sells others on the vision and influences them to accomplish it is

called a:

a. manager.

b. CEO.

c. communication champion.

d. Decoder.

5. A dialogue is marked by:

a. opposition by individuals who advocate their positions and

convince others.

b. group unity, shared meaning, and transformed mindsets.

c. logic.

d. “beating down” opponents.

6. Face-to-face communication can be described as:

a~ the richest form of communication.

b. the poorest form of communication.

c. impersonal one-way communication.

d. having slow feedback.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Part II

7. To communicate in a crisis, leaders should NOT:

a. be visible.

b. tell the truth.

c. avoid visibility.

d. communicate a vision for the future.

8. The role associated with facilitating others’ participation, smoothing conflicts,

showing concern for team members’ needs, and reminding others of standards is

the:

a. managerial role.

d. socio-emotional role.

9. In an emergency room, trauma team members cover their teammates. This is an

example of:

a. pooled interdependence.

b. sequential interdependence.

c. reciprocal interdependence.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Pari II

10. The main advantage ofa virtual team is:

a. the lack of supervision.

b. the ability to monitor team members.

c. the ability to use the best people for a particular job.

d. the ability to have control over team members.

11. Diversity helps organizations:

a. build better relationships with diverse customers.

c. have a greater competitive advantage.

d. All of the above

12. High power distance means that:

a. people accept inequality in power in institutions, organizations,

and individuals.

b. members of a society feel uncomfortable with uncertainty and

ambiguity.

c. value for loosely knit social framework in which individuals take

care of themselves.

d. values of relationships, cooperation, and group decision making.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Pari II

13. Interactive leaders tend to be:

a. competitive.

b. individualistic.

c. consensus builders.

d. reluctant to share power.

14. The Black Hat of Charisma refers to:

a. charisma that is used for self-serving purposes.

b. socialized behavior.

c. leadership that maintains the status quo.

d. referent power.

15. Transactional leadership includes all EXCEPT:

a. an exchange process between leaders and followers.

b. a focus on the present.

c. the ability to lead changes in an organization’s vision.

d. traditional management functions such as planning and budgeting.

BU450: Leadership Skills – Page 5

life/Work Experience Examination – Part II

a. inspire followers to go beyond their own self-interests.

b. focus on the impersonal aspects of job performance.

c. paints a picture of a desired future state.

17. If Paul, a salesman, does not perform as well as expected, his supervisor can put a

negative letter in his file. This is an example of:

a. referent power.

b. expert power.

c. coerCIve power.

d. legitimate power.

18. Salespeople at Nordstrom have a clear picture of superior customer service so

they can serve customers better. This example best shows that:

a. vision establishes a standard of excellence.

b. Nordstrom has a good human resources department.

c. the company is mainly focused on internal organizational issues.

d. Nordstrom concentrates on short-term results rather than taking the

long-view.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Part II

19. F or the New York City Transit, “no graffiti” is the company’s:

a. vision statement.

b. core values.

c. core purpose.

d. view of the future.

20. Whereas vision continues to grow and change, mission:

a. also continues to grow and change.

b. persists in the face of changing technologies.

c. changes with economic conditions.

d. reflects environmental shifts.

21. At Pottery Barn, a thick \$24 bath towel is icon of the company’s aspiration–design,

quality, and price. This is an example of:

a. VISIOn.

b. synergy.

c. value.

d. discovery.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Part II

22. The bureaucratic culture has an internal focus and consistency and works well in

a(n):

a. dynamic environment.

b. stable environment.

c. flexible environment.

d. external environment.

23. J. C. Penney is selling its art collection and putting up photos of employees to

recognize the worth of front-line employees. This is an example of a:

b. ceremony.

c. symbol.

d. model.

24.Employees resist change because:

a. it violates creative intuition.

b. it violates the reciprocal relationship between employees and the

organization.

c. they believe that change will add something of value to their job.

d. they have full information about future events.

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life/Work Experience Examination – Pari II

25. Techniques to smooth the change process do NOT include:

a. communication and training.

b. personal compact.

c. participation and involvement.

d. coerCIOn.

The authors of your textbook describe the American emphasis on the pursuit of happiness. Write a 700- to 900-word paper explaining the cultural and historical factors that contribute to this perspective. Contrast the traditional American perspective on happiness with the traditional Asian perspective on happiness. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Use Ch. 3,5, and 6 as a resource.

The authors of your textbook describe the American emphasis on the pursuit of happiness. Write a 700- to 900-word paper explaining the cultural and historical factors that contribute to this perspective. Contrast the traditional American perspective on happiness with the traditional Asian perspective on happiness. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Use Ch. 3,5, and 6 as a resource.

The work below has been written by another student. Please reply to it proving at least 250 word, APA format, and at least 2 citations. Thanks (Jessica)

Topic: You have been reading about dealing with conflict in group. You viewed conflict in the Corey et al. DVD and discussed the leader’s role in conflict in the workbook. Reflect on your readings from Jacobs et al., Forsyth, and the Corey et al. workbook and discuss your insights as you addressed the section of “Challenges Facing Group Leaders” in your workbook. Make sure to properly cite your sources and reference your citations at the end.

There will likely be problems and conflict encountered at one time or another throughout the duration of a group. As we group leaders we must be prepared to handle and address conflicts accordingly and to ensure that group conflict does not hinder the productivity and effectiveness of the group and its members. When leading groups many of the group members will be significantly diverse, they can be culturally, and socially diverse, this diversity can bring upon different views, experiences, and opinions. Some of these views being problematic to the group causing conflict and resistance, as group leaders we must be capable of reframing resistance, while providing examples of how to work therapeutically with defensive behaviors exhibited by group members (Corey, 2014). They key for the group to remain productive, problems will be encountered, but they should not be over looked, but should be expressed and further worked through. Some issues can be worked through by suggesting the group member recollect the adverse experiences, express feelings and further draw from the experience implementing necessary intervention. It is important that the group establishes a sense of trust among all group members, this allows the group members to express themselves more efficiently and freely. The video Groups in Action (2014), the Coreys ‘ do well handling the various conflicts that had quickly began to emerge. Some group members expressed their lack of desire to participate, there were cultural diversity issues, fearfulness of expressing emotions, as well as concerns about the leaders’ lack of disclosure. The group leaders worked through the conflict by paying close attention to and addressing feelings, dissecting past experiences, and challenging members to overcome in their own way. References Corey, M., Corey, G., & Haynes, R. (Directors). (2014). Groups in Action: Evolutions and Challenges [DVD] Corey, G., & Corey, M. (2014). Groups in Action Evolution and Challenges (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

(unsorted list) As explained in this chapter. a set is a collections of distinct elementsof the same type. Design the class UnorderedSet, derived from a class unorderedarraylist, to manipulate the set. Note that you need to only redefine only the methods insertAt, insertEnd, and replaceAt. if the item to be inserted is already in the list, the methods insertAt and insertEnd outout the appropriate message. Similarly if the item to be replaced is already in the list, the method replaceAt outputs the appropriate message. Also write a program to test your class.

(unsorted list) As explained in this chapter. a set is a collections of distinct elementsof the same type. Design the class UnorderedSet, derived from a class unorderedarraylist, to manipulate the set. Note that you need to only redefine only the methods insertAt, insertEnd, and replaceAt. if the item to be inserted is already in the list, the methods insertAt and insertEnd outout the appropriate message. Similarly if the item to be replaced is already in the list, the method replaceAt outputs the appropriate message. Also write a program to test your class.

Determine the level of production that minimizes the average cost if the cost function is c(x)=10e^(.04x) . Round answer to nearest whole number.

Determine the level of production that minimizes the average cost if the cost function is c(x)=10e^(.04x) . Round answer to nearest whole number.

In a 250-300 word response, analyze how the use of technology has impacted organizational communication both positively and negatively. How has technology impacted the verbal and nonverbal cues used in interpreting messages? Provide examples to support your position. Use at least one resource to support your key points. Offer some additional ideas to others in this class by responding to at least two of your fellow students’ posts.

In a 250-300 word response, analyze how the use of technology has impacted organizational communication both positively and negatively. How has technology impacted the verbal and nonverbal cues used in interpreting messages? Provide examples to support your position. Use at least one resource to support your key points. Offer some additional ideas to others in this class by responding to at least two of your fellow students’ posts.

No More Books Corporation has an agreement with Floyd Bank whereby the bank handles \$3.6 million in collections a day and requires a \$280,000 compensating balance. No More Books is contemplating canceling the agreement and dividing its eastern region so that two other banks will handle its business. Banks A and B will each handle \$1.8 million of collections a day, and each requires a compensating balance of \$130,000. No More BooksÃƒ¢Ã‚€Ã‚™ financial management expects that collections will be accelerated by one day if the eastern region is divided. What is the NPV of accepting the system? Ã‚ Ã‚ NPV \$Ã‚ Ã‚ Ã‚ What will be the annual net savings? Assume that the T-bill rate is 2.4 percent annually. Ã‚ Ã‚ Annual net savings \$Ã‚ Ã‚ Ã‚ Please show came to the Answer

No More Books Corporation has an agreement with Floyd Bank whereby the bank handles \$3.6 million in collections a day and requires a \$280,000 compensating balance. No More Books is contemplating canceling the agreement and dividing its eastern region so that two other banks will handle its business. Banks A and B will each handle \$1.8 million of collections a day, and each requires a compensating balance of \$130,000. No More BooksÃƒ¢Ã‚€Ã‚™ financial management expects that collections will be accelerated by one day if the eastern region is divided.

What is the NPV of accepting the system?

Ã‚ Ã‚ NPV \$Ã‚ Ã‚ Ã‚

What will be the annual net savings? Assume that the T-bill rate is 2.4 percent annually.

Ã‚ Ã‚ Annual net savings \$Ã‚ Ã‚ Ã‚

D1 Performance Management” Please respond to the following: • * From the scenario (see link below), propose two (2) approaches that a company can use to leverage a 360-degree performance appraisal system to evaluate individual performance. Support your answer with examples. • From the eActivity (see below link) and the text, determine two (2) advantages to providing timely performance feedback to employees. Introduce two (2) examples of possible repercussions of not providing employees with performance feedback in a timely manner. Scenario link below https://blackboard.strayer.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/HRM/500/1136/Week5-1134/Week%205%20Scenario/story.html E-Activity – Go to TLNT’s website to read the article titled “The Top 50 Problems with Performance Appraisals.” Be prepared to discuss. D2 “Performance Measurements” Please respond to the following: • According to the text, there are several ways to measure employee performance. Select the two (2) methods that you believe are the most effective for measuring employee performance, and provide justification and support for your selection. Examine the most significant ways that you as an HR professional can help managers deliver effective performance feedback. Provide support for your response. • Critique the least effective performance evaluation that you have received in the past. Examine the primary reasons that you believe it was ineffective. Next, defend the most effective performance evaluation that you have received in the past and justify the primary reasons that you believe it was effective.

D1 Performance Management” Please respond to the following: • * From the scenario (see link below), propose two (2) approaches that a company can use to leverage a 360-degree performance appraisal system to evaluate individual performance. Support your answer with examples. • From the eActivity (see below link) and the text, determine two (2) advantages to providing timely performance feedback to employees. Introduce two (2) examples of possible repercussions of not providing employees with performance feedback in a timely manner.

E-Activity – Go to TLNT’s website to read the article titled “The Top 50 Problems with Performance Appraisals.” Be prepared to discuss. D2 “Performance Measurements” Please respond to the following: • According to the text, there are several ways to measure employee performance. Select the two (2) methods that you believe are the most effective for measuring employee performance, and provide justification and support for your selection. Examine the most significant ways that you as an HR professional can help managers deliver effective performance feedback. Provide support for your response. • Critique the least effective performance evaluation that you have received in the past. Examine the primary reasons that you believe it was ineffective. Next, defend the most effective performance evaluation that you have received in the past and justify the primary reasons that you believe it was effective.

Write a 1,500- to 2,500-word paper that includes the following: An overview of the organization A description of the product or service A SWOT analysis of the organization and offering A competitive analysis of the organization and offering using Porter’s five competitive forces model The criteria you will use to segment your market and select your target market including geographic, demographic, psychographic, and behavioral factors A description of your target market Needs that cause your target market to buy including emotional and logical drivers A written positioning statement that identifies: Your target market The needs that drive purchase Your organization’s industry category How your organization solves the target’s needs Your organization’s competition What makes your organization different from its competition Include sources of secondary research that support your analysis.

Write a 1,500- to 2,500-word paper that includes the following: An overview of the organization

A description of the product or service

A SWOT analysis of the organization and offering

A competitive analysis of the organization and offering using Porter’s five competitive forces model

The criteria you will use to segment your market and select your target market including geographic, demographic, psychographic, and behavioral factors

A description of your target market

Needs that cause your target market to buy including emotional and logical drivers

A written positioning statement that identifies:

The needs that drive purchase

How your organization solves the target’s needs

What makes your organization different from its competition

Include sources of secondary research that support your analysis.

Provide an example of a situation where a company would want to use leverage. What might the company do to achieve that leverage?100words Healthy Foods, Inc., sells 50-pound bags of grapes to the military for \$10 a bag. The fixed costs of this operation are \$80,000, while the variable costs of the grapes are \$.10 per pound. a. What is the break-even point in bags? b. Calculate the profit or loss on 12,000 bags and on 25,000 bags. c. What is the degree of operating leverage at 20,000 bags and at 25,000 bags? Why does the degree of operating leverage change as the quantity sold increases? d. If Healthy Foods has an annual interest expense of \$10,000, calculate the degree of financial leverage at both 20,000 and 25,000 bags. e. What is the degree of combined leverage at both sales levels?

Provide an example of a situation where a company would want to use leverage. What might the company do to achieve that leverage?100words

Healthy Foods, Inc., sells 50-pound bags of grapes to the military for \$10 a bag. The fixed costs of this operation are \$80,000, while the variable costs of the grapes are \$.10 per pound. a. What is the break-even point in bags? b. Calculate the profit or loss on 12,000 bags and on 25,000 bags. c. What is the degree of operating leverage at 20,000 bags and at 25,000 bags? Why does the degree of operating leverage change as the quantity sold increases? d. If Healthy Foods has an annual interest expense of \$10,000, calculate the degree of financial leverage at both 20,000 and 25,000 bags. e. What is the degree of combined leverage at both sales levels?

Case Study 4: Stratified Custom Manufacturing, Part 4D Due Week 5 and worth 70 points Read the running case study titled “Stratified Custom Manufacturing” located in Part 4D of the textbook. Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you: 1.Take a position based on the facts you have seen regarding this lawsuit on whether you believe SCM is going to face any liability. Defend your position with supporting evidence. 2.Assess whether you believe SCM has had an ethical lapse in how it created and operated its vendor network, regardless of the legal outcome. 3.Pretend you are listening in on the meeting with Drew Cubbins and Takio Sumi. Identify what you believe would be the main points of the conversation. 4.Describe how you, as an Information Systems Auditor, would mitigate the organization’s risk. 5.Use at least two (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: •Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. •Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: •Describe the legislation and regulations concerning the management of information in organizations. •Use technology and information resources to research issues in information security. •Write clearly and concisely about security management using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions. Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic/organization of the paper, and language and writing skills. Click here to access the rubric for this assignment. ..

Case Study 4: Stratified Custom Manufacturing, Part 4D Due Week 5 and worth 70 points

Read the running case study titled “Stratified Custom Manufacturing” located in Part 4D of the textbook.

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

1.Take a position based on the facts you have seen regarding this lawsuit on whether you believe SCM is going to face any liability. Defend your position with supporting evidence. 2.Assess whether you believe SCM has had an ethical lapse in how it created and operated its vendor network, regardless of the legal outcome. 3.Pretend you are listening in on the meeting with Drew Cubbins and Takio Sumi. Identify what you believe would be the main points of the conversation. 4.Describe how you, as an Information Systems Auditor, would mitigate the organization’s risk. 5.Use at least two (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

•Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. •Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

•Describe the legislation and regulations concerning the management of information in organizations. •Use technology and information resources to research issues in information security. •Write clearly and concisely about security management using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions. Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic/organization of the paper, and language and writing skills. Click here to access the rubric for this assignment. ..

There are many stimuli in your environment of which you are not aware. You use attention to filter out unimportant stimuli and focus on relevant stimuli. However, there are circumstances under which you cannot perceive stimuli, regardless of how hard you “pay attention.” One situation is when visual stimuli are presented in quick succession. If the interval between the two stimuli is short enough, you do not perceive the second stimulus. This lapse in attention is known as attentional blink. In this assignment, you will experience the attentional blink for yourself and will also read about practical implications of the phenomenon.

Access the CogLab demonstration Attentional Blink. Follow the instructions to complete the demonstration.

Read the following article: •Livesey, E. J., Harris, I. M., & Harris, J. A. (2009). Attentional changes during implicit learning: Signal validity protects a target stimulus from the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(2), 408-408-422. doi:10.1037/a0014525 (ProQuest Document ID: 614494049)

Using the experience from the CogLab demonstration and information from the article, write a paper that addresses the following: •Explain how the attentional blink relates to attention. Analyze how the variation in time influences the probability of seeing the second target letter. Explain the circumstances under which the attentional blink can be eliminated. •In the CogLab demonstration, letters were used as targets. The target used can influence the duration of one’s attentional blink and whether the attentional blink even occurs. Complete the following tasks: ◦Propose at least two other targets that could be used to induce the attentional blink. ◦Predict the effect each of your suggested targets would have on the duration of one’s attentional blink as compared to the CogLab activity you completed. ◦Explain the reasoning behind your predictions.

•Present and discuss at least three occupations in which workers’ performance could be adversely affected by attentional blink. Identify and explain the types of problems or mistakes that might occur in such occupations due to the attentional blink. •Several years ago, some vehicle models came with a heads-up display (HUD). Instead of looking down at a panel on the dashboard, speed, distance traveled, fuel level, and time appeared to be displayed over the hood of the car. Discuss this design in terms of divided attention and attentional blink. Do you think the design was a good idea?

Write a 4-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc.

You are the VP for the cardiovascular service line at a hospital. A nurse manager on the step-down-unit tells you about a study she just read that she thinks could benefit her floor. According to her, the study says that if the song “Marry had a little lamb” is played when a patient at risk for falls tries to get out of his chair or bed, nurses are more likely to respond to this cue than to the patient call alarm. The reason is the song is found to be irritating and the nurse wants it to stop. The only way the song will stop is if the nurse acknowledges the alarm from the patient’s room. She believes that if this idea is implemented, the floor could potentially decrease fall rates and associated costs. What would you want to know about this study to guide your decision making process? Outline steps you would take to trial this process on your unit. How would you determine if the trial was successful and worthwile for implementation?

You are the VP for the cardiovascular service line at a hospital. A nurse manager on the step-down-unit tells you about a study she just read that she thinks could benefit her floor. According to her, the study says that if the song “Marry had a little lamb” is played when a patient at risk for falls tries to get out of his chair or bed, nurses are more likely to respond to this cue than to the patient call alarm. The reason is the song is found to be irritating and the nurse wants it to stop. The only way the song will stop is if the nurse acknowledges the alarm from the patient’s room. She believes that if this idea is implemented, the floor could potentially decrease fall rates and associated costs.

Outline steps you would take to trial this process on your unit.

How would you determine if the trial was successful and worthwile for implementation?

The labor supply curve facing an individual employer in a perfectly competitive labor market is: a. upward sloping. b. downward sloping. c. horizontal. d. greater than MFC. e. the MRP curve.

The labor supply curve facing an individual employer in a perfectly competitive labor market is: a. upward sloping. b. downward sloping. c. horizontal. d. greater than MFC. e. the MRP curve.

Liquidity Analysis Turnover Analysis Solvency Analysis For the two companies (Apple & Intel) which are found on the excel sheet. Use only the numbers and info given on the excel speared which is attached. Need it in 6 hours MAX. Regards, Natascha

Liquidity Analysis Turnover Analysis Solvency Analysis

For the two companies (Apple & Intel) which are found on the excel sheet. Use only the numbers and info given on the excel speared which is attached. Need it in 6 hours MAX. Regards, Natascha

Select one (1) of the following biotechnology topic to write about Topic: Genetically modified animals Genetically modified crop plants Genetically modified microorganisms Gene therapy Write a 5 page paper. Organize your paper into sections corresponding to the following requirements: 1. Biological basis. Describe the technology. Discuss what it accomplishes. Elaborate on the scientific principles that make this technology possible. Your goal in this section of the paper is to show the instructor that you understand the underlying science behind the technology. Describe how biological principles that underlie this technology. 2. Social and ethical implications. Without disclosing your personal views about the technology, provide an analysis of its social and ethical implications. State the ethical concerns apparent in the use of this technology. Discuss the benefits and risks. Your goal in this section is to look at all sides of the issue. Be objective as possible 3. Personal viewpoint. Give a personal opinion about the technology and provide a justification of that opinion. 4. Conclusion point need to be added. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment, in addition to the course text (Biology today and tomorrow without Physiology) STARR/EVERS/STARR 4TH EDITION/2013. THE BODY OF THE PAGE MUST HAVE IN-TEXT CITATION THAT CORRESPONDS TO THE REFERENCES. INTEGRATE ALL SOURCES INTO YOUR PAPER USING PROPER TECHNIQUES OF QUOTING, PARAPHRASING AND SUMMARIZING, ALONG WITH PROPER USE OF IN-TEXT CITATION TO CREDIT THE SOURCES APA, using Time New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides Include a cover page and reference page ( not included in the requirement assignment page length.

Select one (1) of the following biotechnology topic to write about
Topic: Genetically modified animals
Genetically modified crop plants
Genetically modified microorganisms
Gene therapy
Write a 5 page paper. Organize your paper into sections corresponding to the following requirements:
1.    Biological basis. Describe the technology. Discuss what it accomplishes. Elaborate on the scientific principles that make this technology possible. Your goal in this section of the paper is to show the instructor that you understand the underlying science behind the technology. Describe how biological principles that underlie this technology.
2.    Social and ethical implications. Without disclosing your personal views about the technology, provide an analysis of its social and ethical implications. State the ethical concerns apparent in the use of this technology. Discuss the benefits and risks. Your goal in this section is to look at all sides of the issue. Be objective as possible
3.    Personal viewpoint. Give a personal opinion about the technology and provide a justification of that opinion.
4.    Conclusion point need to be added.
Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment, in addition to the course text (Biology today and tomorrow without Physiology) STARR/EVERS/STARR 4TH EDITION/2013.
THE BODY OF THE PAGE MUST HAVE IN-TEXT CITATION THAT CORRESPONDS TO THE REFERENCES. INTEGRATE ALL SOURCES INTO YOUR PAPER USING PROPER TECHNIQUES OF QUOTING, PARAPHRASING AND SUMMARIZING, ALONG WITH PROPER USE OF IN-TEXT CITATION TO CREDIT THE SOURCES
APA, using Time New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides
Include a cover page and reference page ( not included in the requirement assignment page length.

Additional Requirements Min Pages: 10 Max Pages: 15 Level of Detail: Show all work Other Requirements: Paper Project (15%): You must include at least ten references. Details of the Project: 1.Prepare a 10-15 page paper in Microsoft Word (counts as 15% of the final grade) in APA format (see writing expectations in the Policies section) (350 words per page). At a minimum include the following: ?Detailed description of the area researched ?Technology involved in the area ?Future trends in the area ?Example companies involved in the area ?Regulatory issues surrounding the area ?Global implications for the area ?References (minimum of 10) 2.You may use resources from the APUS Online Library, any library, government library, or any peer-reviewed reference (Wikipedia and any other publicly-reviewed source is not accepted). The paper must by at least 10 pages double-spaced, 1″ margin all around, black12 point fonts (Times New Roman or Arial) with correct citations of all utilized references/sources, (pictures, graphics, etc are extra – allowed but extra for the minimum page count). The title page and references are also required but don’t count in the minimum page count. A minimum of 10 references are needed. 3.The paper will be subjected to checking against plagiarism. The paper must follow acceptable originality criteria (no more than 15% max total, and 2% per individual source match are allowed). The system will automatically submit your papers to turnitin.com.

Min Pages: 10
Max Pages: 15
Level of Detail: Show all work
Other Requirements: Paper Project (15%): You must include at least ten references. Details of the Project:
1.Prepare a 10-15 page paper in Microsoft Word (counts as 15% of the final grade) in APA format (see writing expectations in the Policies section) (350 words per page). At a minimum include the following:
?Detailed description of the area researched
?Technology involved in the area
?Future trends in the area
?Example companies involved in the area
?Regulatory issues surrounding the area
?Global implications for the area
?References (minimum of 10)
2.You may use resources from the APUS Online Library, any library, government library, or any peer-reviewed reference (Wikipedia and any other publicly-reviewed source is not accepted). The paper must by at least 10 pages double-spaced, 1″ margin all around, black12 point fonts (Times New Roman or Arial) with correct citations of all utilized references/sources, (pictures, graphics, etc are extra – allowed but extra for the minimum page count). The title page and references are also required but don’t count in the minimum page count. A minimum of 10 references are needed.
3.The paper will be subjected to checking against plagiarism. The paper must follow acceptable originality criteria (no more than 15% max total, and 2% per individual source match are allowed). The system will automatically submit your papers to turnitin.com.

Archer Daniels Midland Company is considering buying a new farm that it plans to operate for 10 years. The farm will require an initial investment of \$12.10 million. This investment will consist of \$2.70 million for land and \$9.40 million for trucks and other equipment. The land, all trucks, and all other equipment is expected to be sold at the end of 10 years at a price of \$5.15 million, \$2.44 million above book value. The farm is expected to produce revenue of \$2.02 million each year, and annual cash flow from operations equals \$1.91 million. The marginal tax rate is 35 percent, and the appropriate discount rate is 10 percent. Calculate the NPV of this investment. (Round intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25.) NPV = *Bell Mountain Vineyards is considering updating its current manual accounting system with a high-end electronic system. While the new accounting system would save the company money, the cost of the system continues to decline. The Bell Mountain’s opportunity cost of capital is 11.1 percent, and the costs and values of investments made at different times in the future are as follows: Year Cost Value of Future Savings (at time of purchase) 0 \$5,000 \$7,000 1 4,650 7,000 2 4,300 7,000 3 3,950 7,000 4 3,600 7,000 5 3,250 7,000 Calculate the NPV of each choice. (Round answers to the nearest whole dollar, e.g. 5,275.) The NPV of each choice is: NPV0 = \$ NPV1 = \$ NPV2 = \$ NPV3 = \$ NPV4 = \$ NPV5 = \$ Suggest when should Bell Mountain buy the new accounting system? Bell Mountain should purchase the system in year 2year 4year 3year 5year 1. *Chip’s Home Brew Whiskey management forecasts that if the firm sells each bottle of Snake-Bite for \$20, then the demand for the product will be 15,000 bottles per year, whereas sales will be 84 percent as high if the price is raised 13 percent. Chip’s variable cost per bottle is \$10, and the total fixed cash cost for the year is \$100,000. Depreciation and amortization charges are \$20,000, and the firm has a 30 percent marginal tax rate. Management anticipates an increased working capital need of \$3,000 for the year. What will be the effect of the price increase on the firm’s FCF for the year? (Round answers to nearest whole dollar, e.g. 5,275.) At \$20 per bottle the Chip’s FCF is \$_____ and at the new price Chip’s FCF is \$______ *Capital Co. has a capital structure, based on current market values, that consists of 36 percent debt, 9 percent preferred stock, and 55 percent common stock. If the returns required by investors are 11 percent, 11 percent, and 14 percent for the debt, preferred stock, and common stock, respectively, what is Capital’s after-tax WACC? Assume that the firm’s marginal tax rate is 40 percent. (Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places, e.g. 1.2514 and final answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25%.) After tax WACC = _________%

Archer Daniels Midland Company is considering buying a new farm that it plans to operate for 10 years. The farm will require an initial investment of \$12.10 million. This investment will consist of \$2.70 million for land and \$9.40 million for trucks and other equipment. The land, all trucks, and all other equipment is expected to be sold at the end of 10 years at a price of \$5.15 million, \$2.44 million above book value. The farm is expected to produce revenue of \$2.02 million each year, and annual cash flow from operations equals \$1.91 million. The marginal tax rate is 35 percent, and the appropriate discount rate is 10 percent. Calculate the NPV of this investment. (Round intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25.)
NPV =

*Bell Mountain Vineyards is considering updating its current manual accounting system with a high-end electronic system. While the new accounting system would save the company money, the cost of the system continues to decline. The Bell Mountain’s opportunity cost of capital is 11.1 percent, and the costs and values of investments made at different times in the future are as follows:
Year
Cost
Value of Future Savings
(at time of purchase)
0 \$5,000 \$7,000
1 4,650 7,000
2 4,300 7,000
3 3,950 7,000
4 3,600 7,000
5 3,250 7,000
Calculate the NPV of each choice. (Round answers to the nearest whole dollar, e.g. 5,275.)
The NPV of each choice is:
NPV0 = \$
NPV1 = \$
NPV2 = \$
NPV3 = \$
NPV4 = \$
NPV5 = \$
Suggest when should Bell Mountain buy the new accounting system?
Bell Mountain should purchase the system in year 2year 4year 3year 5year 1.

*Chip’s Home Brew Whiskey management forecasts that if the firm sells each bottle of Snake-Bite for \$20, then the demand for the product will be 15,000 bottles per year, whereas sales will be 84 percent as high if the price is raised 13 percent. Chip’s variable cost per bottle is \$10, and the total fixed cash cost for the year is \$100,000. Depreciation and amortization charges are \$20,000, and the firm has a 30 percent marginal tax rate. Management anticipates an increased working capital need of \$3,000 for the year. What will be the effect of the price increase on the firm’s FCF for the year? (Round answers to nearest whole dollar, e.g. 5,275.)
At \$20 per bottle the Chip’s FCF is \$_____ and at the new price Chip’s FCF is \$______
*Capital Co. has a capital structure, based on current market values, that consists of 36 percent debt, 9 percent preferred stock, and 55 percent common stock. If the returns required by investors are 11 percent, 11 percent, and 14 percent for the debt, preferred stock, and common stock, respectively, what is Capital’s after-tax WACC? Assume that the firm’s marginal tax rate is 40 percent. (Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places, e.g. 1.2514 and final answer to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25%.)
After tax WACC = _________%

Comprehensive Problem 4 Selected transactions completed by Equinox Products Inc. during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, were as follows: a. Issued 15,000 shares of \$20 par common stock at \$30, receiving cash. b. Issued 4,000 shares of \$80 par preferred 5% stock at \$100, receiving cash. c. Issued \$500,000 of 10-year, 5% bonds at 104, with interest payable semiannually. d. Declared a quarterly dividend of \$0.50 per share on common stock and \$1.00 per share on preferred stock. On the date of record, 100,000 shares of common stock were outstanding, no treasury shares were held, and 20,000 shares of preferred stock were outstanding. e. Paid the cash dividends declared in (d). f. Purchased 7,500 shares of Solstice Corp. at \$40 per share, plus a \$150 brokerage commission. The investment is classified as an available-for-sale investment. g. Purchased 8,000 shares of treasury common stock at \$33 per share. h. Purchased 40,000 shares of Pinkberry Co. stock directly from the founders for \$24 per share. Pinkberry has 125,000 shares issued and outstanding. Equinox Products Inc. treated the investment as an equity method investment. i. Declared a \$1.00 quarterly cash dividend per share on preferred stock. On the date of record, 20,000 shares of preferred stock had been issued. j. Paid the cash dividends to the preferred stockholders. k. Received \$27,500 dividend from Pinkberry Co. investment in (h). l. Purchased \$90,000 of Dream Inc. 10-year, 5% bonds, directly from the issuing company, at their face amount plus accrued interest of \$375. The bonds are classified as a heldto maturity long-term investment. m. Sold, at \$38 per share, 2,600 shares of treasury common stock purchased in (g). n. Received a dividend of \$0.60 per share from the Solstice Corp. investment in (f). o. Sold 1,000 shares of Solstice Corp. at \$45, including commission. p. Recorded the payment of semiannual interest on the bonds issued in (c) and the amortization of the premium for six months. The amortization is determined using the straight-line method. q. Accrued interest for three months on the Dream Inc. bonds purchased in (l). r. Pinkberry Co. recorded total earnings of \$240,000. Equinox Products recorded equity earnings for its share of Pinkberry Co. net income. s. The fair value for Solstice Corp. stock was \$39.02 per share on December 31, 2014. The investment is adjusted to fair value, using a valuation allowance account. Assume Valuation Allowance for Available-for-Sale Investments had a beginning balance of zero. Instructions 1. Journalize the selected transactions. 2. After all of the transactions for the year ended December 31, 2014, had been posted [including the transactions recorded in part (1) and all adjusting entries], the data below and on the following page were taken from the records of Equinox Products Inc. a. Prepare a multiple-step income statement for the year ended December 31, 2014, concluding with earnings per share. In computing earnings per share, assume that the average number of common shares outstanding was 100,000 and preferred dividends were \$100,000. (Round earnings per share to the nearest cent.) b. Prepare a retained earnings statement for the year ended December 31, 2014. c. Prepare a balance sheet in report form as of December 31, 2014.

Comprehensive Problem 4
Selected transactions completed by Equinox Products Inc. during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, were as follows:
a. Issued 15,000 shares of \$20 par common stock at \$30, receiving cash.
b. Issued 4,000 shares of \$80 par preferred 5% stock at \$100, receiving cash.
c. Issued \$500,000 of 10-year, 5% bonds at 104, with interest payable semiannually.
d. Declared a quarterly dividend of \$0.50 per share on common stock and \$1.00 per share on preferred stock. On the date of record, 100,000 shares of common stock were outstanding, no treasury shares were held, and 20,000 shares of preferred stock were outstanding.
e. Paid the cash dividends declared in (d).
f. Purchased 7,500 shares of Solstice Corp. at \$40 per share, plus a \$150 brokerage commission.
The investment is classified as an available-for-sale investment.
g. Purchased 8,000 shares of treasury common stock at \$33 per share.
h. Purchased 40,000 shares of Pinkberry Co. stock directly from the founders for \$24 per share. Pinkberry has 125,000 shares issued and outstanding. Equinox Products Inc. treated the investment as an equity method investment.
i. Declared a \$1.00 quarterly cash dividend per share on preferred stock. On the date of record, 20,000 shares of preferred stock had been issued.
j. Paid the cash dividends to the preferred stockholders.
k. Received \$27,500 dividend from Pinkberry Co. investment in (h).
l. Purchased \$90,000 of Dream Inc. 10-year, 5% bonds, directly from the issuing company, at their face amount plus accrued interest of \$375. The bonds are classified as a heldto maturity long-term investment.
m. Sold, at \$38 per share, 2,600 shares of treasury common stock purchased in (g).
n. Received a dividend of \$0.60 per share from the Solstice Corp. investment in (f).
o. Sold 1,000 shares of Solstice Corp. at \$45, including commission.
p. Recorded the payment of semiannual interest on the bonds issued in (c) and the amortization of the premium for six months. The amortization is determined using the straight-line method.
q. Accrued interest for three months on the Dream Inc. bonds purchased in (l).
r. Pinkberry Co. recorded total earnings of \$240,000. Equinox Products recorded equity earnings for its share of Pinkberry Co. net income.
s. The fair value for Solstice Corp. stock was \$39.02 per share on December 31, 2014. The investment is adjusted to fair value, using a valuation allowance account.
Assume Valuation Allowance for Available-for-Sale Investments had a beginning balance of zero.

Instructions
1. Journalize the selected transactions.
2. After all of the transactions for the year ended December 31, 2014, had been posted [including the transactions recorded in part (1) and all adjusting entries], the data below and on the following page were taken from the records of Equinox Products Inc.
a. Prepare a multiple-step income statement for the year ended December 31, 2014, concluding with earnings per share. In computing earnings per share, assume that the average number of common shares outstanding was 100,000 and preferred dividends were \$100,000. (Round earnings per share to the nearest cent.)
b. Prepare a retained earnings statement for the year ended December 31, 2014.
c. Prepare a balance sheet in report form as of December 31, 2014.

Desired consumption is Cd = 100 + 0.8Y – 500r – 0.5G, and desired investment is Id = 10 – 500r. Real money demand is Md/P = Y – 2000i. Other variables are ?e = 0.05, G = 200, =1000, and M = 2100. (a) Find the equilibrium values of the real interest rate, consumption, investment, and the price level. (b) Suppose the money supply increases to 2800. Find the equilibrium values of the real interest rate, consumption, investment, and the price level. Assume that the expected inflation rate is unchanged (c) Tougher immigration laws reduce the working-age population. Use the IS-LMmodel to determine the effects on the general equilibrium values of the real wage, employment, output, the real interest rate, consumption, investment, and the price level. Draw the graph and explain in words.

Desired consumption is Cd = 100 + 0.8Y – 500r – 0.5G, and desired investment is Id = 10 –
500r. Real money demand is Md/P = Y – 2000i. Other variables are ?e = 0.05, G = 200, =1000, and M = 2100.
(a) Find the equilibrium values of the real interest rate, consumption, investment, and the price level.
(b) Suppose the money supply increases to 2800. Find the equilibrium values of the real interest rate, consumption, investment, and the price level. Assume that the expected inflation rate is unchanged
(c) Tougher immigration laws reduce the working-age population. Use the IS-LMmodel to determine the effects on the general equilibrium values of the real wage, employment, output, the real interest rate, consumption, investment, and the price level. Draw the graph and explain in words.

Students, please view the “Submit a Clickable Rubric Assignment” in the Student Center. Instructors, training on how to grade is within the Instructor Center. Click the link above to submit your assignment. Assignment 1: The Primary Care Clinic Due Week 4 and worth 150 points A small primary care clinic has 69 employees, representing 9 different clinical professions and 12 other skills. It operates two (2) sites, one (1) of which is bigger and has the departments for medical specialists, diagnostic labs, and patient services. The clinic also contracts for a variety of services, such as repair and maintenance, referral specialists, and advanced diagnostic services. You are the manager. You report to the owners who are four (4) of the family practitioners and their wives. Two of the wives still work at the clinic as registered nurses. Write a five to seven (5-7) page paper in which you: Discuss the key political, economic, and social forces that may have influenced the development of the clinic. Create a comprehensive mission statement and explain what makes it a comprehensive mission statement. Identify three (3) performance measures you would use to measure the clinic’s effectiveness and provide the rationale for each performance measure. Describe how you would approach decisions regarding clinic expansion and annual plan approval. Describe the role of the clinic as a component of the healthcare delivery system in your community. Examine how public healthcare policy has influenced the formation of outpatient clinics in the healthcare system. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Students, please view the “Submit a Clickable Rubric Assignment” in the Student Center.
Instructors, training on how to grade is within the Instructor Center.

Assignment 1: The Primary Care Clinic
Due Week 4 and worth 150 points

A small primary care clinic has 69 employees, representing 9 different clinical professions and 12 other skills. It operates two (2) sites, one (1) of which is bigger and has the departments for medical specialists, diagnostic labs, and patient services. The clinic also contracts for a variety of services, such as repair and maintenance, referral specialists, and advanced diagnostic services.

You are the manager. You report to the owners who are four (4) of the family practitioners and their wives. Two of the wives still work at the clinic as registered nurses.
Write a five to seven (5-7) page paper in which you:

1. Discuss the key political, economic, and social forces that may have influenced the development of the clinic.
2. Create a comprehensive mission statement and explain what makes it a comprehensive mission statement.
3. Identify three (3) performance measures you would use to measure the clinic’s effectiveness and provide the rationale for each performance measure.
4. Describe how you would approach decisions regarding clinic expansion and annual plan approval.
5. Describe the role of the clinic as a component of the healthcare delivery system in your community.
6. Examine how public healthcare policy has influenced the formation of outpatient clinics in the healthcare system.
7. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

HCOs” Please respond to the following:

· Should the text have started with, “Building healthy communities is the focus of HCOs, including patient care but going well beyond”? Explain your answer.

· Examine the major components of the U.S. health care system to determine where the greatest opportunity for improvement exists.

· Provide examples of some of the “going well beyond” activities.

Week 1 dq2

“Transformational Management” Please respond to the following:

· Why do high-performing HCOs strive for transformational styles?

· Propose ways that accountability can be achieved in high-performing, transformational HCOs.

· How comfortable would you be working in a high-performing, transformational organization?

· Compare and contrast how political, economic, and social forces have influenced changes in the United States’ healthcare system.

Week 2 dq1

· Explain and defend your views on each of the following statements:

o “Managers do not give orders.”

o “Managers do not make decisions.”

o “Managers spend a lot of time listening.”

o “The governing board’s calendar ultimately forces a decision.”

o “Imagination is an important managerial skill.”

Week 2 dq2

· Create a scenario that depicts how a first-line leader should act to fulfill the purpose and functions of operational leadership in his or her area.

· Determine how the senior leadership team knows that it has fulfilled the purpose and function of operational leadership well.

· How do individual senior leaders evaluate their own contribution?

Week 3 dq1

“Governance” Please respond to the following:

· Should every community have its own healthcare organization with its own mission, or should hospitals be like Wal-Mart, where the mission is set once for the world? State your position.

· If there is a virtue to individual community missions, determine what is it, and how a local governing board should establish a mission.

Week 3 dq2

(This video looks at some different outcome measures and the fact that the issue is not only having outcomes, but being able to apply them to patient care. )

“Clinical Performance” Please respond to the following:

· Why should clinical performance be focused on outcomes?

· How do you differentiate the concepts of quality, appropriateness, economy, and efficiency?

· Analyze the way that medical decisions are made and explain why it is important that medical decisions involve probabilities.

Watch Video

Health Outcomes Measurement in Orthopedic Hospital

Duration: (3:02)

Week 4 dq1

“Physician Relationships” Please respond to the following:

· The traditional model of hospital privileges and fee-for-service practice can be described as a partnership, a sharing of responsibility between the physician and the institution. Examine what each party does in this partnership to contribute to the partnership, and what each expects to get from it.

· Assess how this partnership between the physician and the healthcare organization is changing in the 21st century.

Week 4 dq2

“Nursing” Please respond to the following:

· In view of a national nursing shortage and inadequate numbers of nursing faculty for increasing enrollments, determine the recommendations would you make to ensure an adequate supply of nurses in your organization.

· Evaluate the key nursing performance measures by which a healthcare organization may monitor nursing effectiveness.

Week 5 dq1

“Clinical Support Services” Please respond to the following:

· Patient scheduling is often an issue that involves several Clinical Support Services (CSSs). Some CSSs must be scheduled in specific sequence, requiring the patient to be moved from place to place. Delays should be minimized, but service times are not always predictable. Propose ways that an excellent organization would address these scheduling problems.

· Illustrate the primary role of the managers in Clinical Support Services in providing and improving quality patient care.

Week 5 dq2

“Approach to Clinical Support Services” Please respond to the following:

· A small hospital in a well-managed healthcare system can consider three ways to obtain clinical support services: “stand alone” (hire its own healthcare professionals); “outsource” (buy services from local providers); and “affiliate” (arrange for training, procedures, and supervision through its system). Determine how the organization should come to a decision regarding which approach to providing CSSs is preferable.

· Who should be involved in that decision?

· Assess the primary performance measure used to evaluate the effectiveness of CSSs.

SCI 207 Week 3 Lab 3 Biodiversity General Questions – General General Questions Biodiversity. Read Lab 3: Biodiversity. This lab will allow you to investigate how various organisms alter their environments. Additionally, it will allow you to assess the health of the ecosystem in which you live through the germination of various seed types. Then, utilize this information to complete Experiments 1 and 2 on the Lab 3 Reporting Form, completing all tables as you proceed. Make sure that all of the following items are completed before submission: a. Read through intro material and record your hypothesis for “Experiment 1: Interdependence of Seeds” on the Lab 3 Reporting Form. b. Perform “Experiment 1: Interdependence of Seeds” using your eSciencelab manual and kit. Answer post lab questions 1 through 5 on the Lab 3 Reporting Form. c. Record your hypothesis for “Experiment 2: Diversity of Plants” on the Lab 3 Reporting Form. d. Complete “Experiment 2: Diversity of Plants” using your eSciencelab manual and kit. Answer post lab questions 1 through 5 on the Lab 3 Reporting Form. All post lab questions for “Lab 3: Biodiversity” should be completed on the Lab 3 Reporting Form. Save your completed Lab 3 Reporting Form as a Word document. The document must be formatted according to APA style, including a title page and references page. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in your online course. Submit the document via the Assignment Basket in your online course. Carefully review the Grading Rubric (available for download in your online course) before beginning the lab and note the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

SCI 207 Week 3 Lab 3 Biodiversity

General Questions – General General Questions

Biodiversity. Read Lab 3: Biodiversity. This lab will allow you to investigate how various organisms alter their environments. Additionally, it will allow you to assess the health of the ecosystem in which you live through the germination of various seed types. Then, utilize this information to complete Experiments 1 and 2 on the Lab 3 Reporting Form, completing all tables as you proceed. Make sure that all of the following items are completed before submission:

a. Read through intro material and record your hypothesis for “Experiment 1: Interdependence of Seeds” on the Lab 3 Reporting Form.

b. Perform “Experiment 1: Interdependence of Seeds” using your eSciencelab manual and kit. Answer post lab questions 1 through 5 on the Lab 3 Reporting Form.

c. Record your hypothesis for “Experiment 2: Diversity of Plants” on the Lab 3 Reporting Form.

d. Complete “Experiment 2: Diversity of Plants” using your eSciencelab manual and kit. Answer post lab questions 1 through 5 on the Lab 3 Reporting Form.

All post lab questions for “Lab 3: Biodiversity” should be completed on the Lab 3 Reporting Form. Save your completed Lab 3 Reporting Form as a Word document. The document must be formatted according to APA style, including a title page and references page. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in your online course. Submit the document via the Assignment Basket in your online course. Carefully review the Grading Rubric (available for download in your online course) before beginning the lab and note the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

the counter have been determined to be tainted with small particles of plastic explosive. The plastic explosives came from a Robins & Robins supplier named Casings, Inc., that supplies the capsule casings for the medication pills. Casings, Inc., also sells shell casings for ammunition. Over \$8 million in inventory is impacted. The inventory is located throughout the Western United States, and it is possible that it has also made its way into parts of Canada.

Last fall, the FDA had promulgated an administrative proposed rule that would have required all pharmaceutical companies that sold over-the-counter medications to incorporate a special tracking bar code (i.e., UPC bars) on their packaging to ensure that recalls could be done with very little trouble. The bar codes cost about 35 cents per package.

Robins & Robins lobbied hard against this rule and managed to get it stopped in the public comments period. They utilized multiple arguments, including the cost (which would be passed on to consumers). They also raised “privacy” concerns, which they discussed simply to get public interest groups upset. (One of the drugs impacted is used for assisting with alcoholism treatment – specifically for withdrawal symptoms – and many alcoholics were afraid their use of the drug could be tracked back to them.) Robins & Robins argued that people would be concerned about purchasing the medication with a tracking mechanism included with the packaging and managed to get enough public interest groups against the rule. The FDA decided not to impose the rule.

Robins & Robins’ contract with Casings, Inc., states, in section 14 B.2.a., “The remedy for defects in supplies shall be limited to the cost of the parts supplied.” Casings, Inc., had negotiated that clause into the contract after a lawsuit from a person who was shot by a gun resulted in a partial judgment against Casings for contributory negligence.

Robins & Robins sues Casings, Inc., for indemnification from suits by injured victims from the medication, for the cost of the capsule shells, for attorney’s fees, and for punitive damages. List any defenses Casings, Inc., would have under contract theory ONLY. (short answer question)

2. TCO B. The FDA decides to require all pharmaceutical companies to immediately implement the tracking bars (UPC) as a result of the disaster with Robins & Robins. Robins & Robins decides not to challenge this and begins the process of adding them to all of their products. However, McFadden, Inc., a New York pharmaceutical company, realizes that this new requirement is going to bankrupt them immediately. McFadden did not participate in the original public comment period. However, this rule is different from the rule that went through that public comment period in that it specifically names four companies as being impacted: Robins & Robins, McFadden, Inc., Bayer, and Johnson & Johnson. On what bases can McFadden challenge this requirement imposed by the FDA, and can they be successful? Provide at least two bases under the Administrative Procedures Act and justify your answer. (Points: 30)

3. TCO C. Robins & Robins immediately issued a massive recall for the tainted medication upon learning of the situation. Despite the recall, 1,400 children and 350 adults have been hospitalized after becoming very ill upon taking the tainted medication. Each of them had failed to note the recall after having already purchased the medication. It is quickly determined that they will need liver transplants and many of them are on a waiting list. During the wait, to date, 12 children have died. Their families are considering suing for both 402A and negligence. The attorneys stated that but for the lobbying efforts, the recall process would have been automated and the people would not have gotten sick or died.

You are the attorney for one of the dead children’s family. List the causes of action (if any) you would file against Robins & Robins, the FDA, and the bribed FDA member. List the elements of the causes of action, and set forth the facts that you have that would support a lawsuit against each of the three named defendants. State any defenses any of the three would have. Analyze the success of the defenses.

TCO A. It is discovered that Robins & Robins knew about the tainted medication 2 months earlier than they announced the recall. They hid it and, in fact, sent out contract buyers to try to buy up all of the medication off the shelves. Their “fake” recall failed. Using the Laura Nash method of analyzing ethical dilemmas, analyze the ethical dilemma faced by the CEO of Robins & Robins for the fact that they saved 35 cents/package and are now in the middle of a major, life-threatening recall. Analyze their “fake” recall as well. Show all of the steps of the model and give a recommendation to the CEO of what to do now that the deaths are escalating. What is the “right” thing for the CEO to do in this case? Did the model help you come to this conclusion, or did you use some other method? Explain.

5. TCO I. A Canadian citizen whose son (resident of Ontario) died from the medication sues Robins & Robins in a California court. The court there is well known for being victim friendly and providing huge payouts to victim families. In Canada, the cap on nonpecuniary damages is around \$300,000. Punitive damages in Canada are rarely allowed. Robins & Robins moves to dismiss the case under the theory of sovereign immunity. Will Robins & Robins win this motion using this theory? Why or why not? (short answer question) (Points: 15)

Question 2 – 2 essays, 30 points each.

TCO E. Anna and Lisa both sue the school and Pastor Forester for discrimination and further, for liability for their injuries (the stabbing damages and the damages to Lisa’s son’s health.) You are one of the board of directors and need to analyze the liability of the school. Limit your answer to the SCHOOL’S liability only.

Write a brief memo as to whether Pastor Forester committed illegal or discriminatory practices in his brief tenure described in this situation. Then, analyze the potential liability of the school. Discuss agency liability, as well as any employment law aspects. Explain whether you feel that the two injured teachers have cases for recovery against the school. Discuss whether the school being a religious, private school has any bearing on or protection from liability. Include all defenses available to the school.

TCO H and E. In the discovery portion of the case, it is determined that Pastor Forester is really not a Pastor. His real name is Jerry Birches, who is a parolee with convictions for child molestation. His parole agreement prohibits him being closer than 1000 feet to any school. In order to cut costs, the school had stopped doing background checks on new employees, and this slipped through the cracks. The President of the Board of Directors immediately fires Pastor “Jerry Birches” Forester and notifies his parole officer of the violations. Pastor Forester claims the board knew about his background, because one member of the board (his aunt Theresa) knew the truth. He claims her knowledge should be imputed to the entire board of directors. He then sues the school for firing him for being a convicted felon. He claims that is illegal, and he publicly attacks the church for their “less than Christian” behavior in firing him.

The board immediately convenes to discuss “damage control.” They know you took a Law and Ethics course recently and ask you to write a news release to the local newspaper, explaining the situation. Using ethical and legal considerations (including the fact you are in the middle of multiple lawsuits), write the brief news release. Then, explain why you wrote it the way you did.

Page 3 – Two essays at 30 points each

TCO F. Ellen DeGeneres sues Clean Clothes for the use of a look-alike model for the slacks advertisement. She includes Lanham Act, misappropriation, and “Right of Publicity” claims in her complaint. Clean Clothes countersues for product disparagement. Joseph A. Bank (JOSB) sues Ellen for impacting their men’s clothing sales with her unsolicited comment. What facts will Ellen use to support her cases and why will those support her cases? What defenses will Ellen have against Clean Clothes and JOSB’s countersuits? Do you think any of the 3 will win their cases? (Why or why not.)

2. TCO G. It is discovered that two weeks before the Ellen show, she had sold \$2 million in JOSB stock (at a gain of about \$2,200). The morning after her show, Ellen sold JOSB short (which means she was betting the stock price would go down), and she made another \$210,000 in the next week on that trade. The swing in the price was not directly tied to her comments, but was suspected to be a result of a recall JOSB made on their entire line of men’s black and brown dress slacks when it was discovered that they had been sewn together with white thread. Ellen’s previous trading activity shows that she made it a normal practice to “vigorously trade” the stock of any company with which she did business. A review of her trading activity for the past year showed that she had bought and sold JOSB stock 25 different times, including short sales like this one. Her overall trading for JOSB stock for the last 12 months was a net loss of \$82,000.00. Do you think the SEC will file anything against Ellen for her sales of JOSB? Is there any cause to do so? Analyze her transactions with respect to insider trading activity (based on what you know) – and whether she should be concerned. Is her prior trading activity a defense? Should Ellen have avoided discussing JOSB publicly on her show since she typically trades their stock? (Points: 30)

Week 3 Discussion Let’s use the discussion forum each week to help you be successful in ALEKS. Post a specific problem from ALEKS with which you have struggled last week or this week OR a topic for which you need additional help or explanation. Provide the topic the problem is from and all the details of the problem. You can also attach a screenshot if that is the easier way to share it. Explain the ways you have approached the problem and tried to solve it or how you successfully worked it. If you do not include this information, you will NOT receive full credit. Reply to a classmate’s post in which you can provide help or encouragement.

Week 3 Discussion

Let’s use the discussion forum each week to help you be successful in ALEKS.

Post a specific problem from ALEKS with which you have struggled last week or this week OR a topic for which you need additional help or explanation. Provide the topic the problem is from and all the details of the problem. You can also attach a screenshot if that is the easier way to share it. Explain the ways you have approached the problem and tried to solve it or how you successfully worked it. If you do not include this information, you will NOT receive full credit.

Reply to a classmate’s post in which you can provide help or encouragement.

Write a 4-6 page paper based on your answers to the following questions. Utilize the Showalter textbook and at least two (2) other resources to support your answers. Identify and explain the four elements of proof necessary for a plaintiff to prove a negligence case. 1. Explain how the standard of care can be proven. 2. Explain the principle of “vicarious liability” (respondeat superior). 3. Explain why a corporation is considered an “artificial person” under the law. 4. Explain the functions and responsibilities of the governing board of a healthcare corporation.

Write a 4-6 page paper based on your answers to the following questions. Utilize the Showalter textbook and at least two (2) other resources to support your answers. Identify and explain the four elements of proof necessary for a plaintiff to prove a negligence case.

1. Explain how the standard of care can be proven.
2. Explain the principle of “vicarious liability” (respondeat superior).
3. Explain why a corporation is considered an “artificial person” under the law.
4. Explain the functions and responsibilities of the governing board of a healthcare corporation.

Discuss the cultural factors organizations must understand in order to do business on a global scale.

Discuss the cultural factors organizations must understand in order to do business on a global scale.

GENERAL COMPANY INFORMATION Margaret Brown and Joel Lee each own 50% of Designs Inc. with no other class of stock authorized. On June 6, 2009, they formed to provide design services. Their business activity code is 541400. Designs Inc.’s business address is 2134 Merry Lane, Las Cruces, NM 08801. The telephone number is (575) 541-1122, and the e-mail address is [email protected] The employer identification number is 11-1111111. Margaret is the president of the company, and Joel is the vice president. Margaret and Joel are the only full-time designers employed by Designs, Inc., and they perform all of the design services of the corporation. Margaret’s Social Security number is 123-45-6789, and Joel’s Social Security number is 555-48-9898. Designs Inc. is an accrual method, calendar-year taxpayer. Designs Inc. uses the straight-line method of depreciation for both book and tax purposes. (You are not provided enough detailed data to complete a Form 4562 (depreciation). Enter the amount of depreciation on line 14 of Form 1120S.) The corporation does not maintain any inventory. During the year, the corporation distributed cash dividends of \$15,192. Designs Inc. Income Statement Income Design fees \$739,000 Interest income (certificates of deposit) 2,700 Total income \$741,700 Expenses Salaries—officers Margaret Brown \$190,000 Joel Lee 190,000 \$380,000 Salaries—clerical 61,000 Taxes Property 26,810 Payroll 23,280 State income 3,140 Other miscellaneous 2,390 55,620 Repairs and maintenance 16,340 Meals and entertainment 9,800 Travel 5,600 Charitable contributions 1,200 Interest expense on business loans 31,100 Advertising 17,650 Rental expense 9,270 Depreciation 35,910 Contributions to pension plans 31,000 Employee benefit programs 21,170 Accounting service 13,790 Dues and subscriptions 5,100 Insurance 17,750 Legal and professional services 11,000 Miscellaneous 4,360 Telephone 3,160 Total expenses (730,820) Net income per books \$ 10,880 Designs Inc. Balance Sheet Assets January 1, 2012 December 31, 2012 Cash \$ 35,610 \$ 42,580 Accounts receivable 45,100 43,300 Certificates of deposit 134,000 143,000 Depreciable assets 210,922 221,488 Accumulated depreciation (47,520) (83,430) Land 42,000 42,000 Other assets 3,638 2,490 Total assets \$ 423,750 \$ 411,428 ====== ====== Liabilities and Equity January 1, 2012 December 31, 2012 Accounts payable \$ 26,550 \$ 27,497 Other current liabilities 15,110 17,853 Mortgages 126,000 114,300 Capital stock 200,000 200,000 Retained earnings 56,090 51,778 Total liabilities and equity \$ 423,750 \$ 411,428

GENERAL COMPANY INFORMATION Margaret Brown and Joel Lee each own 50% of Designs Inc. with no other class of stock authorized. On June 6, 2009, they formed to provide design services. Their business activity code is 541400. Designs Inc.’s business address is 2134 Merry Lane, Las Cruces, NM 08801. The telephone number is (575) 541-1122, and the e-mail address is [email protected] The employer identification number is 11-1111111. Margaret is the president of the company, and Joel is the vice president. Margaret and Joel are the only full-time designers employed by Designs, Inc., and they perform all of the design services of the corporation. Margaret’s Social Security number is 123-45-6789, and Joel’s Social Security number is 555-48-9898. Designs Inc. is an accrual method, calendar-year taxpayer. Designs Inc. uses the straight-line method of depreciation for both book and tax purposes. (You are not provided enough detailed data to complete a Form 4562 (depreciation). Enter the amount of depreciation on line 14 of Form 1120S.) The corporation does not maintain any inventory. During the year, the corporation distributed cash dividends of \$15,192.     Designs Inc. Income Statement Income Design fees \$739,000 Interest income (certificates of deposit) 2,700 Total income \$741,700  Expenses Salaries—officers Margaret Brown \$190,000 Joel Lee 190,000 \$380,000 Salaries—clerical 61,000 Taxes Property 26,810 Payroll 23,280 State income 3,140 Other miscellaneous 2,390 55,620 Repairs and maintenance 16,340 Meals and entertainment 9,800 Travel 5,600 Charitable contributions 1,200 Interest expense on business loans 31,100 Advertising 17,650 Rental expense 9,270 Depreciation 35,910 Contributions to pension plans 31,000 Employee benefit programs 21,170 Accounting service 13,790 Dues and subscriptions 5,100 Insurance 17,750 Legal and professional services 11,000 Miscellaneous 4,360 Telephone 3,160 Total expenses (730,820) Net income per books \$ 10,880  Designs Inc. Balance Sheet Assets January 1, 2012 December 31, 2012 Cash \$ 35,610 \$ 42,580 Accounts receivable 45,100 43,300 Certificates of deposit 134,000 143,000 Depreciable assets 210,922 221,488 Accumulated depreciation (47,520) (83,430) Land 42,000 42,000 Other assets 3,638 2,490 Total assets \$ 423,750 \$ 411,428 ====== ======  Liabilities and Equity January 1, 2012 December 31, 2012 Accounts payable \$ 26,550 \$ 27,497 Other current liabilities 15,110 17,853 Mortgages 126,000 114,300 Capital stock 200,000 200,000 Retained earnings 56,090 51,778 Total liabilities and equity \$ 423,750 \$ 411,428

We normally think of currency and banking risks as being something confined to third world or developing countries. But events in the last few years such as the Euro crisis or the financial crisis in the United States have shown that not even the wealthy, developed countries are without risks on the financial side. So it is important for any company doing business in your country to carefully consider these risks that they face. After you’ve done some research about financial issues in your country, write a 2- to 3-page paper covering the following issues: 1.The currency of your country. Is it stable? Does the exchange rate fluctuate a lot? 2.The banking system in your country. How safe is this system? Any recent banking crisis in your country? 3.Overall does the financial system in your country make it easy or difficult to do business? What kind of steps would you recommend for a company doing business in your country to hedge or minimize their financial risks? On Peru

We normally think of currency and banking risks as being something confined to third world or developing countries. But events in the last few years such as the Euro crisis or the financial crisis in the United States have shown that not even the wealthy, developed countries are without risks on the financial side. So it is important for any company doing business in your country to carefully consider these risks that they face.

After you’ve done some research about financial issues in your country, write a 2- to 3-page paper covering the following issues:
1.The currency of your country. Is it stable? Does the exchange rate fluctuate a lot?
2.The banking system in your country. How safe is this system? Any recent banking crisis in your country?
3.Overall does the financial system in your country make it easy or difficult to do business? What kind of steps would you recommend for a company doing business in your country to hedge or minimize their financial risks?

On Peru

The Problem: The Case of the Educational Weekend You are preparing to introduce a new product on the market during a time when everyone is nervous about the economic future of the country and health care expenses. Because of the economic skittishness, people are unlikely to try a new product. Thus, you need to figure out how to create demand with the public and woo the leaders in the sports medicine field to give your new product a try. You have a request for a \$30,000 increase in your budget to the CEO to meet the need. Accounting is also being very conservative and doesn’t want to raise your budget until they feel more secure about the projected sales. One of the investors in your company has a ranch in Idaho. This investor has offered to let you use the ranch, all expenses paid, and bring some of the potential customers and purchasing agents to the ranch for a skiing vacation and the chance to learn about your new product. While the weekend will be billed as a “thank-you for our valued customers”, you hope that you can generate enough good will to get more sales. This offer would be the equivalent of a \$30,000 infusion into your marketing budget. Be Intelligent: Identify the Issue and the Values in Tension 1. Issue In one sentence, identify the issue for this problem. 2. Values in Tension In three or four bullet points, identify the values in tension.

The Problem: The Case of the Educational Weekend

You are preparing to introduce a new product on the market during a time when everyone is nervous about the economic future of the country and health care expenses. Because of the economic skittishness, people are unlikely to try a new product. Thus, you need to figure out how to create demand with the public and woo the leaders in the sports medicine field to give your new product a try. You have a request for a \$30,000 increase in your budget to the CEO to meet the need. Accounting is also being very conservative and doesn’t want to raise your budget until they feel more secure about the projected sales.

One of the investors in your company has a ranch in Idaho. This investor has offered to let you use the ranch, all expenses paid, and bring some of the potential customers and purchasing agents to the ranch for a skiing vacation and the chance to learn about your new product. While the weekend will be billed as a “thank-you for our valued customers”, you hope that you can generate enough good will to get more sales. This offer would be the equivalent of a \$30,000 infusion into your marketing budget.
Be Intelligent: Identify the Issue and the Values in Tension

1. Issue

In one sentence, identify the issue for this problem.

2. Values in Tension

In three or four bullet points, identify the values in tension.

Unit IV Case Study Choose ONE of the following assignment options below: Option One: “The Supreme Court has held that the selection guidelines in the federal government’s Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures also apply to performance measurement” (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2011, p. 249). Locate a recent court case or lawsuit related to discrimination or unjust dismissal by a performance management system. Write a paper at least 500 words in length about the selected court case of lawsuit. You are required to use at least your textbook and a court case as source material for your paper. Be sure to include the following in your paper: ? A brief description of the selected court case or lawsuit. ? A discussion of the purpose of performance management. ? An analysis the criteria and methods used for measuring performance management in the court case or lawsuit.

Unit IV Case Study
Choose ONE of the following assignment options below:
Option One: “The Supreme Court has held that the selection guidelines in the federal government’s Uniform Guidelines on
Employee Selection Procedures also apply to performance measurement” (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2011,
p. 249). Locate a recent court case or lawsuit related to discrimination or unjust dismissal by a performance management
system. Write a paper at least 500 words in length about the selected court case of lawsuit. You are required to use at
least your textbook and a court case as source material for your paper.
Be sure to include the following in your paper:
? A brief description of the selected court case or lawsuit.
? A discussion of the purpose of performance management.
? An analysis the criteria and methods used for measuring performance management in the court case or lawsuit.

Section II:Complete all the blank entries in the given table. Then use the data to graph (toscale) the Fixed, Variable, Average Fixed, and Average Variable cost curves on one graph and graph (to scale) the Marginal, Total and Average Total cost curves on another graph. Do the shapes of all the curves conform to conventional economic knowledge?(5 points) (DifficultyÆ Easy) Betty’s Bakery Quantity Fixed Variable Total Average Average Average Marginal of Cost Cost Cost Fixed Variable Total Cost cakes Cost Cost Cost 1 \$13 \$38 2 \$28 3 \$70 4 \$64 5 \$110 6 \$108 7 \$133 8 \$185 Section III: Short and Long answers Question A)Distinguish between Perfect Competition, Monopoly on the basis of thefollowing: Number of Sellers, Ease of entry and exit, Nature of the product, existence of deadweight loss, determination of Prices, Shape of the demand curve faced by the firm and the extent of Government intervention. In addition give an example for each of the following markets in the USA, also comment on which definition of markets seems the most realistic.(4 points) (DifficultyÆEasy) Question B) Tom (Swerves) Tom (Drives Straight) Bryan (Swerves) 0,0 -1,+1 Bryan (Drives Straight) +1,-1 -10,-10 Consider two drivers, Bryan and Tom, both are headed for a single lane bridge from opposite directions, each player has to options, first to Swerve and yield the bridge to the other player, second to continue to Drive Straight. The following table shows the possible outcomes for each decision combination. The numbers in each cell represent the players outcomes (+1= best outcome, -10 = worst outcome) What is the equilibrium for this game? Is there a dominant Strategy for this game? Is the equilibrium a Nash Equilibrium? Define Pareto Optimality, is the equilibrium Pareto Optimal? (4 Points) (DifficultyÆ Moderate) Question C)Consider the following scenario (Hypothetical) Four roommates; Keats, Shelly, Byron and Coleridge each have independent, individual internet connections, Keats’ monthly internet usage is never more than 4 GB, Shelly’s monthly internet usage is never more than 3 GB, Byron’s monthly internet usage is 5 GB and Coleridge’s monthly internet usage is never more than 4GB. All four of them decide to switch to a common internet connection for the apartment and share the cost of the internet equally. The common internet connection costs a total of \$20 a month and allows for 20GB of usage (downloads and uploads), after the 20 GB of usage is exhausted, every additional GB used costs \$3. Six months into using the common internet connection, the roommates realize that they are on a monthly basis using more than 20GB and paying more than they had initially intended. Based on what we’ve studied in class, why do you think the roommates are overshooting the 20GB limit ? Propose atleast 3 solutions to the problem (either internal or external) ? (DifficultyÆ Moderate) (4 points) (Hint: Start by classifying the common internet connection into one of the four categories of goods we’ve studied in class. Be as detailed and explicit with your explanation of the source of the problem and the solutions to the problem) Question D)One example of price discrimination occurs in the publishing industry when apublisher initially releases an expensive hardcover edition of a popular novel and later releases a cheaper paperback edition. Use this example to demonstrate the benefits and potential pitfalls of a price discrimination pricing strategy.(4 points) (DifficultyÆDifficult) (Hint: Assume different points of view of benefit, the Monopolist, the consumer and the economist) [Do draw relevant diagrams wherever necessary] Question E)Draw a graph to demonstrate the circumstances that would prevail in a perfectlycompetitive market where firms are experiencing Supernormal economic profits . Identify costs, revenue, and the economic profits on your graph. Would the firm continue to make supernormal economic profits in the long run ? Explain with a Diagram.(4 points) (DifficultyÆEasy) (Hint: Draw short run and long run diagrams for both the Individual firm as well as that for the market equilibrium. Show appropriate shifts in market equilibrium)

Section II:Complete all the blank entries in the given table. Then use the data to graph (toscale) the Fixed, Variable, Average Fixed, and Average Variable cost curves on one graph and graph (to scale) the Marginal, Total and Average Total cost curves on another graph. Do the shapes of all the curves conform to conventional economic knowledge?(5 points)

(DifficultyÆ Easy)

Betty’s Bakery

 Quantity Fixed Variable Total Average Average Average Marginal of Cost Cost Cost Fixed Variable Total Cost cakes Cost Cost Cost 1 \$13 \$38 2 \$28 3 \$70 4 \$64 5 \$110 6 \$108 7 \$133 8 \$185

Section III: Short and Long answers

Question A)Distinguish between Perfect Competition, Monopoly on the basis of thefollowing: Number of Sellers, Ease of entry and exit, Nature of the product, existence of deadweight loss, determination of Prices, Shape of the demand curve faced by the firm and the extent of Government intervention. In addition give an example for each of the following markets in the USA, also comment on which definition of markets seems the most realistic.(4 points) (DifficultyÆEasy)

Question B)

 Tom (Swerves) Tom (Drives Straight) Bryan (Swerves) 0,0 -1,+1 Bryan (Drives Straight) +1,-1 -10,-10

Consider two drivers, Bryan and Tom, both are headed for a single lane bridge from opposite directions, each player has to options, first to Swerve and yield the bridge to the other player, second to continue to Drive Straight.

The following table shows the possible outcomes for each decision combination. The numbers in each cell represent the players outcomes (+1= best outcome, -10 = worst outcome)

What is the equilibrium for this game? Is there a dominant Strategy for this game? Is the equilibrium a Nash Equilibrium? Define Pareto Optimality, is the equilibrium Pareto Optimal?

(4 Points) (DifficultyÆ Moderate)

Question C)Consider the following scenario (Hypothetical)

Four roommates; Keats, Shelly, Byron and Coleridge each have independent, individual internet connections, Keats’ monthly internet usage is never more than 4 GB, Shelly’s monthly internet usage is never more than 3 GB, Byron’s monthly internet usage is 5 GB and Coleridge’s monthly internet usage is never more than 4GB.

All four of them decide to switch to a common internet connection for the apartment and share the cost of the internet equally. The common internet connection costs a total of \$20 a month and allows for 20GB of usage (downloads and uploads), after the 20 GB of usage is exhausted, every additional GB used costs \$3.

Six months into using the common internet connection, the roommates realize that they are on a monthly basis using more than 20GB and paying more than they had initially intended.

Based on what we’ve studied in class, why do you think the roommates are overshooting the 20GB limit ? Propose atleast 3 solutions to the problem (either internal or external) ?

(DifficultyÆ Moderate) (4 points) (Hint: Start by classifying the common internet connection into one of the four categories of goods we’ve studied in class. Be as detailed and explicit with your explanation of the source of the problem and the solutions to the problem)

Question D)One example of price discrimination occurs in the publishing industry when apublisher initially releases an expensive hardcover edition of a popular novel and later releases a cheaper paperback edition. Use this example to demonstrate the benefits and potential pitfalls of a price discrimination pricing strategy.(4 points) (DifficultyÆDifficult) (Hint: Assume

different points of view of benefit, the Monopolist, the consumer and the economist) [Do

draw relevant diagrams wherever necessary]

Question E)Draw a graph to demonstrate the circumstances that would prevail in a perfectlycompetitive market where firms are experiencing Supernormal economic profits . Identify costs, revenue, and the economic profits on your graph. Would the firm continue to make supernormal economic profits in the long run ? Explain with a Diagram.(4 points) (DifficultyÆEasy)

(Hint: Draw short run and long run diagrams for both the Individual firm as well as that for the market equilibrium. Show appropriate shifts in market equilibrium)

From the e-Activity, describe one (1) situation in your life from the past several years that required adjustment according to the Ecological theory. Discuss one to two (1-2) examples from your situation that apply to each of Bronfenbrenner’s five (5) environmental systems: microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem. week 2 From the e-Activity and textbook, choose two (2) of the six (6) strategies for increasing self-esteem as described in the text Next, describe one (1) situation in which you used the two (2) strategies that you chose and determine if the two (2) strategies used were successful. Justify your response

From the e-Activity, describe one (1) situation in your life from the past several years that required adjustment according to the Ecological theory.

Discuss one to two (1-2) examples from your situation that apply to each of Bronfenbrenner’s five (5) environmental systems: microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem.

week 2

From the e-Activity and textbook, choose two (2) of the six (6) strategies for increasing self-esteem as described in the text Next, describe one (1) situation in which you used the two (2) strategies that you chose and determine if the two (2) strategies used were successful. Justify your response

Company owner Abel Terrio has reviewed the 2011 financial statements you prepared for Jackson Company as the accountant, and questions the \$6,000 loss reported on the sale of its investment in Blackhawk Co. common stock. Jackson acquired 50,000 shares of Blackhawk’s common stock on December 31, 2009, at a cost of \$500,000. This stock purchase represented a 40% interest in Blackhawk. The 2010 income statement reported that earnings from all investments were \$126,000. On January 3, 2011, Jackson Company sold the Blackhawk stock for \$575,000. Blackhawk did not pay any dividends during 2010 but reported a net income of \$202,500 for that year. Terrio believes that because the Blackhawk stock purchase price was \$500,000 and was sold for \$575,000, the 2011 income statement should report a \$75,000 gain on the sale. Required: Draft a one-half page memorandum (at least 2 paragraphs) to Terrio explaining why the \$6,000 loss on sale of Blackhawk stock is correctly reported. You will be graded on how well you address the questions. Addressing the questions involves identifying relevant facts, applying the chapter concepts,, and answering each question completely. Proper APA formatting is expected and required (cited sources, reference page, etc.). Supplement and synthesize your analysis with outsides scholarly sources. For assistance with APA citations, please visit the following links: The American Psychological Association Website:http://www.apastyle.org/

Company owner Abel Terrio has reviewed the 2011 financial statements you prepared for Jackson Company as the accountant, and questions the \$6,000 loss reported on the sale of its investment in Blackhawk Co. common stock.

Jackson acquired 50,000 shares of Blackhawk’s common stock on December 31, 2009, at a cost of \$500,000. This stock purchase represented a 40% interest in Blackhawk. The 2010 income statement reported that earnings from all investments were \$126,000.

On January 3, 2011, Jackson Company sold the Blackhawk stock for \$575,000. Blackhawk did not pay any dividends during 2010 but reported a net income of \$202,500 for that year. Terrio believes that because the Blackhawk stock purchase price was \$500,000 and was sold for \$575,000, the 2011 income statement should report a \$75,000 gain on the sale.

Required:

Draft a one-half page memorandum (at least 2 paragraphs) to Terrio explaining why the \$6,000 loss on sale of Blackhawk stock is correctly reported.

You will be graded on how well you address the questions. Addressing the questions involves identifying relevant facts, applying the chapter concepts,, and answering each question completely. Proper APA formatting is expected and required (cited sources, reference page, etc.). Supplement and synthesize your analysis with outsides scholarly sources. For assistance with APA citations, please visit the following links: The American Psychological Association Website:http://www.apastyle.org/

Week 4 Confidence Intervals and Chi Square (Chs 11 – 12) For questions 3 and 4 below, be sure to list the null and alternate hypothesis statements. Use .05 for your significance level in making your decisions. For full credit, you need to also show the statistical outcomes – either the Excel test result or the calculations you performed. 1 Using our sample data, construct a 95% confidence interval for the population’s mean salary for each gender. Interpret the results. How do they compare with the findings in the week 2 one sample t-test outcomes (Question 1)? Mean St error t value Low to High Males Females Interpretation: 2 Using our sample data, construct a 95% confidence interval for the mean salary difference between the genders in the population. How does this compare to the findings in week 2, question 2? Difference St Err. T value Low to High Can the means be equal? How does this compare to the week 2, question 2 result (2 sampe t-test)? a. Why is using a two sample tool (t-test, confidence interval) a better choice than using 2 one-sample techniques when comparing two samples? 3 We found last week that the degrees compa values within the population. do not impact compa rates. This does not mean that degrees are distributed evenly across the grades and genders. Do males and females have athe same distribution of degrees by grade? (Note: while technically the sample size might not be large enough to perform this test, ignore this limitation for this exercise.) What are the hypothesis statements: Note: You can either use the Excel Chi-related functions or do the calculations manually. Data input tables – graduate degrees by gender and grade level OBSERVED A B C D E F Total M Grad Fem Grad Male Und Female Und Total EXPECTED M Grad Fem Grad Male Und Female Und Total Interpretation: What is the value of the chi square statistic: What is the p-value associated with this value: Is the p-value <0.05? Do you reject or not reject the null hypothesis: If you rejected the null, what is the Cramer’s V correlation: What does this correlation mean? What does this decision mean for our equal pay question: 4 Based on our sample data, can we conclude that males and females are distributed across grades in a similar pattern within the population? What are the hypothesis statements: What is the value of the chi square statistic: What is the p-value associated with this value: Is the p-value <0.05? Do you reject or not reject the null hypothesis: If you rejected the null, what is the Phi correlation: What does this correlation mean? What does this decision mean for our equal pay question: 5. How do you interpret these results in light of our question about equal pay for equal work?

Week 4 Confidence Intervals and Chi Square (Chs 11 – 12)
For questions 3 and 4 below, be sure to list the null and alternate hypothesis statements. Use .05 for your significance level in making your decisions.
For full credit, you need to also show the statistical outcomes – either the Excel test result or the calculations you performed.

1 Using our sample data, construct a 95% confidence interval for the population’s mean salary for each gender.
Interpret the results. How do they compare with the findings in the week 2 one sample t-test outcomes (Question 1)?
Mean St error t value Low to High
Males
Females
<Reminder: standard error is the sample standard deviation divided by the square root of the sample size.>
Interpretation:

2 Using our sample data, construct a 95% confidence interval for the mean salary difference between the genders in the population. How does this compare to the findings in week 2, question 2?

Difference St Err. T value Low to High

Can the means be equal?

How does this compare to the week 2, question 2 result (2 sampe t-test)?

a. Why is using a two sample tool (t-test, confidence interval) a better choice than using 2 one-sample techniques when comparing two samples?

3 We found last week that the degrees compa values within the population.
do not impact compa rates. This does not mean that degrees are distributed evenly across the grades and genders.
Do males and females have athe same distribution of degrees by grade?
(Note: while technically the sample size might not be large enough to perform this test, ignore this limitation for this exercise.)

What are the hypothesis statements:
Note: You can either use the Excel Chi-related functions or do the calculations manually.
OBSERVED A B C D E F Total
Male Und
Female Und
Total

EXPECTED
Male Und
Female Und
Total

Interpretation:
What is the value of the chi square statistic:
What is the p-value associated with this value:
Is the p-value <0.05?
Do you reject or not reject the null hypothesis:
If you rejected the null, what is the Cramer’s V correlation:
What does this correlation mean?
What does this decision mean for our equal pay question:

4 Based on our sample data, can we conclude that males and females are distributed across grades in a similar pattern
within the population?

What are the hypothesis statements:
What is the value of the chi square statistic:
What is the p-value associated with this value:
Is the p-value <0.05?
Do you reject or not reject the null hypothesis:
If you rejected the null, what is the Phi correlation:
What does this correlation mean?

What does this decision mean for our equal pay question:

5. How do you interpret these results in light of our question about equal pay for equal work?

qestion 1 2 out of 2 points Correct According to Stephen Covey, a good exercise for clarifying one’s values is to take one minute and answer this question: Answer Question 2 0 out of 2 points Incorrect __________ is a therapy based on Zen Buddhism and focuses on accepting feelings, knowing one’s purpose, and doing what needs to be done. Question 3 0 out of 2 points A person from China or Japan would tend to revere possible selves that: strengthen the groups to which they belong. Question 4 2 out of 2 points Self-esteem is sometimes referred to as one’s: Question 5 2 out of 2 points ________ are standards that we apply to determine the worth of things, ideas, or events. Question 6 0 out of 2 points One’s identity status is determined by the existence or extent of one’s: Question 7 2 out of 2 points According to Rogers, adjustment is most likely to occur when there is congruence between the ______ and _____ selves. Question 8 2 out of 2 points Narcissistic individuals tend to be unaware of their _______ and how others perceive them. Question 9 2 out of 2 points The link between self-esteem and happiness is stronger in: Question 10 0 out of 2 points ________ is an individual’s perception of his or her abilities, personality, and other attributes and consists of one’s overall thoughts and feelings about his/her characteristics.

qestion 1

2 out of 2 points

Correct

According to Stephen Covey, a good exercise for clarifying one’s values is to take one minute and answer this question:

Question 2

0 out of 2 points

Incorrect

__________ is a therapy based on Zen Buddhism and focuses on accepting feelings, knowing one’s purpose, and doing what needs to be done.

Question 3

0 out of 2 points

A person from China or Japan would tend to revere possible selves that:

strengthen the groups to which they belong.

Question 4

2 out of 2 points

Self-esteem is sometimes referred to as one’s:

Question 5

2 out of 2 points

________ are standards that we apply to determine the worth of things, ideas, or events.

Question 6

0 out of 2 points

One’s identity status is determined by the existence or extent of one’s:

Question 7

2 out of 2 points

According to Rogers, adjustment is most likely to occur when there is congruence between the ______ and _____ selves.

Question 8

2 out of 2 points

Narcissistic individuals tend to be unaware of their _______ and how others perceive them.

Question 9

2 out of 2 points

The link between self-esteem and happiness is stronger in:

Question 10

0 out of 2 points

________ is an individual’s perception of his or her abilities, personality, and other attributes and consists of one’s overall thoughts and feelings about his/her characteristics.

In this assignment, you will review your current level of adjustment. Write a one to two (1-2) page paper in which you: Reflect on how well you are: adjusting to your life in terms of subjective well-being, diversity, contexts, and / or thinking critically. balancing your priorities, specifically with home, work, school, recreation, and / or family. developing your identity, specifically self-esteem, self-concept, ethnicity, and / or gender. coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and / or self-control. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; Since the only resources you will be using for this assignment are the article and your textbook, you need not include a reference page. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: Define psychology and psychological adjustment. Identify contextual variables (e.g., culture) that impact psychological adjustment. Describe self-concept, self-esteem, and identity. Define stress, stressors, and coping strategies, and contemplate their relationship to health and wellness. Use critical thinking skills to reflect on personal experiences with adjustment and identify new strategies for personal growth. Use technology and information resources to research issues in psychology. Write clearly and concisely about psychology using proper writing mechanics.

Write a one to two (1-2) page paper in which you:

1. Reflect on how well you are:
1. adjusting to your life in terms of subjective well-being, diversity, contexts, and / or thinking critically.
2. balancing your priorities, specifically with home, work, school, recreation, and / or family.
3. developing your identity, specifically self-esteem, self-concept, ethnicity, and / or gender.
4. coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and / or self-control.

• Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; Since the only resources you will be using for this assignment are the article and your textbook, you need not include a reference page. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

• Define psychology and psychological adjustment.
• Identify contextual variables (e.g., culture) that impact psychological adjustment.
• Describe self-concept, self-esteem, and identity.
• Define stress, stressors, and coping strategies, and contemplate their relationship to health and wellness.
• Use critical thinking skills to reflect on personal experiences with adjustment and identify new strategies for personal growth.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues in psychology.
• Write clearly and concisely about psychology using proper writing mechanics.

1) You have been approached by a local lumber producer who specializes in buying logs that have been thinned from the local forests around Las Vegas, NM and turning them into high quality lumber for things like flooring and molding in homes and businesses. The firm is a small, closely held corporation where the founder and his family members hold all the stock and, therefore, does not register with the SEC. You will be doing the first external audit that this firm has had done in its short lifetime. You currently are a member of the AICPA and CPA with a license to practice in New Mexico.
a) Develop a checklist of five areas or issues that you would want to research before you accepted this firm as an audit client and give an example of where you might go to get some information about each issue.

b) Describe three organizations, boards, or groups that have legal authority to regulate aspects of your audit of this client and discuss how that organization, board, or group would regulate your work on this audit.

c) Describe two reasons why this firm may have approached you to do an audit. I am looking for substantive reasons that show you understand the importance of auditing in capital markets.

2) Using the components of the audit risk model and the concept of materiality, describe how an auditor determines or calculates detection risk.

3) Each of the following situations involves a possible violation by a member in industry of the AICPA’s Code of Professional Conduct. For each situation, indicate whether it violates the Code. If it violates the Code, indicate which rule is violated and explain why.
a) Bob Lanzotti is the partner-in-charge of the audit of Fleet Mobile Homes, Inc. Over the years, he has become a golfing buddy of Fleet’s CEO, Jim Harris. During the current year Lanzotti and Harris jointly purchased an exclusive vacation home in North Carolina. The vacation home represents more than 10 percent of Lanzotti’s personal wealth.

b) You are auditing a firm that you have audited for years. However, the auditee has yet to pay their full fee from last year’s audit and you have turned the matter over to a collection agency.

c) During the audit of a client, you found that the manager on the job had not reviewed a staff accountant’s verification of the auditee’s inventory balance at year-end. The client was a manufacturing firm and inventory represented 30% of their assets.

d) During the audit of client, you found out that the manager on the job, who you had recently hired from a major competitor on the auditee, had secretly shared details the auditee’s pricing strategies with his former employer.

4) For the following independent situations, assume that you are the audit partner on the engagement. For each situation, explain how you would modify your audit report and why. All situations apply to non-SEC firms and so the internal control report isn’t required and not part of this question. Be sure to cover all changes required to the report and be specific about which paragraphs must be changed and why. If you don’t recommend any changes, explain why not.
a) During your audit of Raceway.com, Inc., you conclude that there is a possibility that inventory is materially overstated. The Client refuses to allow you to expand the scope of your audit sufficiently to verify whether the balance is actually misstated. Inventory represents 12% of Raceway.com’s total assets.

b) You are auditing XYZ, Inc. and you have substantial doubt about their ability to continue as a going concern, but the circumstances are fully disclosed in the financial statements.

c) You complete the audit of Munich Department Store, and in your opinion, the financial statements are fairly presented. On the last day of the audit, you discover that one of your supervisors assigned to the audit has a material investment in Munich.

5) XYZ, Inc. is planning a major plant expansion recently expanded its plant. It plans to finance the expansion through a combination of a bank loan and stock offering. XYZ has engaged your CPA firm to audit its 2010 financial statements. They told you that they were going to give the financial statements to ABC Bank and other, unnamed banks and, that they would be included in the registration statement for the stock offering.
When you performed the audit of the 2010 financial statements, you did discover a material overstatement of inventory because you did not test XYZ’s physical inventory at the end of 2010. XYZ is a manufacturing firm and so inventory tends to make up a significant portion of their total assets. You were also aware of a pending product liability lawsuit that XYZ had not disclosed in its footnotes despite the fact that XYZ’s attorney informed you that XYZ’s liability under the lawsuit would result in material losses for XYZ. However, you issued an unqualified opinion on their 2010 financial statements and issued your report at the end of January, 2011.

In early February, 2011, ABC Bank relied on XYZ’s financial statements and your audit report and granted XYZ a \$750,000 loan. In addition, XYZ raised \$12,000,000 in June 2011 in a public offering of common stock. They included their financial statements and your audit report in their registration statement for the stock offering.

By July, 2011, XYZ was in financial trouble, but was able to stay in business because of the funds raised in the stock offering. They had lost the product liability law suit and could not pay the plaintiff the full amount of the loss. In addition, they defaulted on their bank loan and petitioned for bankruptcy. The bank lost most of the \$750,000 loan and XYZ’s stock price fell sharply.

ABC bank has sued you for failure to exercise due professional care and for common law fraud. The stockholders also are alleging fraud under the Securities Act of 1933. All these transactions took place in a jurisdiction that provides for auditor liability for ordinary negligence to known and intended users of the financial statements.