You recently sold 200 shares of Apple stock to your brother. The transfer was made through a broker, and the trade occurred on the NYSE. This is an example of: A futures market transaction. A primary market transaction. A secondary market transaction. A money market transaction. An over-the-counter market transaction.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? It is usually easier to transfer ownership in a corporation than it is to transfer ownership in a sole proprietorship. Corporate shareholders are exposed to unlimited liability. Corporations generally face fewer regulations than sole proprietorships. Corporate shareholders are exposed to unlimited liability, and this factor may be compounded by the tax disadvantages of incorporation. Shareholders in a regular corporation (not an S corporation) pay higher taxes than owners of an otherwise identical proprietorship.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? One of the disadvantages of a sole proprietorship is that the proprietor is exposed to unlimited liability. It is generally easier to transfer one’s ownership interest in a partnership than in a corporation. One of the advantages of the corporate form of organization is that it avoids double taxation. One of the advantages of a corporation from a social standpoint is that every stockholder has equal voting rights, i.e., “one person, one vote.” Corporations of all types are subject to the corporate income tax.
Cheers Inc. operates as a partnership. Now the partners have decided to convert the business into a regular corporation. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? Assuming Cheers is profitable, less of its income will be subject to federal income taxes. Cheers will now be subject to fewer regulations. Cheers’ shareholders (the ex-partners) will now be exposed to less liability. Cheers’ investors will be exposed to less liability, but they will find it more difficult to transfer their ownership. Cheers will find it more difficult to raise additional capital.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? In Europe and Asia hedge funds are legal, but they are not permitted to operate in the United States. Hedge funds have more in common with commercial banks than with any other type of financial institution. Hedge funds have more in common with investment banks than with any other type of financial institution. In the United States hedge funds are legal, but in Europe and Asia they are not permitted to operate. The justification for the “light” regulation of hedge funds is that only “sophisticated” investors with high net worths and high incomes are permitted to invest in these funds, and such investors supposedly can do the necessary “due diligence” on their own rather than have it done by the SEC or some other regulator.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? If Apple issues additional shares of common stock through an investment banker, this would be a secondary market transaction. If you purchased 100 shares of Apple stock from your sister-in-law, this would be an example of a primary market transaction. The IPO market is a subset of the secondary market. Only institutions, and not individuals, can participate in derivatives market transactions. As they are generally defined, money market transactions involve debt securities with maturities of less than one year.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? Capital market instruments include both long-term debt and common stocks. An example of a primary market transaction would be your uncle transferring 100 shares of Wal-Mart stock to you as a birthday gift. The NYSE does not exist as a physical location; rather, it represents a loose collection of dealers who trade stocks electronically. If your uncle in New York sold 100 shares of Microsoft through his broker to an investor in Los Angeles, this would be a primary market transaction. While the two frequently perform similar functions, investment banks generally specialize in lending money, whereas commercial banks generally help companies raise large blocks of capital from investors.
Money markets are markets for Foreign stocks. Consumer automobile loans. U.S. stocks. Short-term debt securities. Long-term bonds.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? It is generally more expensive to form a proprietorship than a corporation because, with a proprietorship, extensive legal documents are required. Corporations face fewer regulations than sole proprietorships. One disadvantage of operating a business as a sole proprietorship is that the firm is subject to double taxation, at both the firm level and the owner level. One advantage of forming a corporation is that equity investors are usually exposed to less liability than in a regular partnership. If a regular partnership goes bankrupt, each partner is exposed to liabilities only up to the amount of his or her investment in the business.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? One of the disadvantages of incorporating a business is that the owners then become subject to liabilities in the event the firm goes bankrupt. Sole proprietorships are subject to more regulations than corporations. In any type of partnership, every partner has the same rights, privileges, and liability exposure as every other partner. Sole proprietorships and partnerships generally have a tax advantage over many corporations, especially large ones. Corporations of all types are subject to the corporate income tax.
Which of the following could explain why a business might choose to operate as a corporation rather than as a sole proprietorship or a partnership? Corporations generally find it relatively difficult to raise large amounts of capital. Less of a corporation’s income is generally subjected to taxes than would be true if the firm were a partnership. Corporate shareholders escape liability for the firm’s debts, but this factor may be offset by the tax disadvantages of the corporate form of organization. Corporate investors are exposed to unlimited liability. Corporations generally face relatively few regulatio
Which of the following is a primary market transaction? You sell 200 shares of Johnson & Johnson stock on the NYSE through your broker. Johnson & Johnson issues 2,000,000 shares of new stock and sells them to the public through an investment banker. You buy 200 shares of Johnson & Johnson stock from your younger brother. You just give him cash and he gives you the stock?the trade is not made through a broker. One financial institution buys 200,000 shares of Johnson & Johnson stock from another institution. An investment banker arranges the transaction. You invest $10,000 in a mutual fund, which then uses the money to buy $10,000 of Johnson & Johnson shares on the NYSE.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? While the distinctions are blurring, investment banks generally specialize in lending money, whereas commercial banks generally help companies raise capital from other parties. A security whose value is derived from the price of some other “underlying” asset is called a liquid security. Money market mutual funds usually invest most of their money in a well-diversified portfolio of liquid common stocks. Money markets are markets for common stocks and long-term debt. The NYSE operates as an auction market, whereas the Nasdaq is a dealer market.
You recently sold 100 shares of your new company, XYZ Corporation, to your brother at a family reunion. At the reunion your brother gave you a check for the stock and you gave your brother the stock certificates. Which of the following statements best describes this transaction? This is an example of an exchange of physical assets. This is an example of a primary market transaction. This is an example of a direct transfer of capital. This is an example of a money market transaction. This is an example of a derivatives market transaction
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? If expected inflation increases, interest rates are likely to increase. If individuals in general increase the percentage of their income that they save, interest rates are likely to increase. If companies have fewer good investment opportunities, interest rates are likely to increase. Interest rates on all debt securities tend to rise during recessions because recessions increase the possibility of bankruptcy, hence the riskiness of all debt securities. Interest rates on long-term bonds are more volatile than rates on short-term debt securities like T-bills.