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There are three Sections in this paper. Section 1 – World Religions This section has two questions for each World Religion. You should answer both of the questions on the World Religion you have studied. Answer either Buddhism or Christianity or Hinduism or Islam or Judaism or Sikhism. Section 2 – Morality in the Modern World This section has one question for each of the optional issues. You should answer all parts of the question relating to the issue you have studied. Answer either Gender or Global Issues or Medical Ethics or War and Peace. Section 3 – Existence of God This section has one mandatory question. You must answer all parts of the question in this section. The skills of knowledge and understanding (KU) and analysis and evaluation (AE) are being assessed in this paper. When answering each question you should note the number of marks allocated to each skill as indicated after each part of the question. SA X265/10/01 6/2810 *X265/10/01* © SECTION ONE WORLD RELIGIONS Candidates must answer both questions for their chosen World Religion. BUDDHISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Buddhism in the World Religions Unit. 1.  The Human Condition Marks Centre of the Wheel of Life (a) What are the three root poisons at the centre of the Wheel of Life? (b) State the Second Noble Truth. (c) According to Buddhists, what causes humans to suffer? (d) “No one can ever escape Samsara.” Would all Buddhists agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 3 KU 1 KU 2 KU 4 AE 2. The Goals It is important for Buddhists to show compassion. (a) Why is it important for Buddhists to show compassion? (b) Describe how Buddhists could achieve positive Kamma. (c) What do Buddhists understand by Nibbana? (d) “Kamma is the most important belief for Buddhists.” Would all Buddhists agree? Give two reasons for your answer. Page two 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU 4 AE [X265/10/01] CHRISTIANITY Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Christianity in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Goals Marks Then he took a piece of bread, gave thanks to God, broke it and gave it to them. Luke 22 v 19 (a) What does the bread represent at communion? (b) Why is communion an important act of worship for Christians? (c) State two other ways in which Christians can worship God. (d) “It is better to worship God with others than on your own.” Would all Christians agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 1 KU 3 KU 2 KU 2. The Means Very early on the Sunday morning the women went to the tomb. Luke 24 v 1 (a) Why were the women going to the tomb? (b) Describe what happened when the women arrived at the tomb. (c) State two ways in which Christians celebrate the festival of Easter. (d) “Belief in the resurrection of Jesus should affect how a Christian lives.” Would all Christians agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU [X265/10/01] Page three [Turn over HINDUISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Hinduism in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Human Condition Marks Brahma (a) Brahma and Vishnu are two forms of Brahman. State the third form. (b) Why is Brahma important to Hindus? (c) Describe Hindu beliefs about reincarnation. (d) “Understanding the true nature of reality is important.” Would all Hindus agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 1 KU 2 KU 3 KU 4 AE 2. The Means Mahatma Gandhi (a) State the Hindu term for non-violence. (b) Describe one example of non-violence used by Mahatma Gandhi. (c) Why are the ashramas important for Hindus? (d) “A non-violent approach brings more difficulties than benefits.” Would all Hindus agree? Give two reasons for your answer. Page four [X265/10/01] 1 KU 2 KU 3 KU 4 AE ISLAM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Islam in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Goals Marks (a) What do Muslims whisper in a new born baby’s ear? (b) State two other things which are done when a Muslim baby is born. (c) Describe why these ceremonies are carried out by the parents. (d) “Birth ceremonies are out of date now.” Would all Muslims agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU 4 AE 2. The Means (a) Why are Muslims expected to go on Hajj? (b) State two groups of Muslims who would not be expected to go on Hajj. (c) Describe a benefit for Muslims going on Hajj. (d) “The most important part of Hajj is prayer at Arafat.” Would all Muslims agree? Give two reasons for your answer. Page five [Turn over 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU 4 AE [X265/10/01] Marks JUDAISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Judaism in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Human Condition I believe in God the Creator. (a) What do Jewish people mean by “God the Creator”? (b) In what ways do Jewish people believe humans are created in the image of God? (c) Describe how life changed for Adam and Eve after they ate the fruit. (d) “Human beings are basically good.” Would all Jewish people agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU 4 AE 2. The Goals “Jews believe that there is a single God . . . with whom every Jew can have an individual and personal relationship.” BBC Website (a) State two things Jewish people do to keep their relationship with God. (b) What is a Mezuzah? (c) Describe what is meant by the Messianic Age. (d) “People should only concentrate on this lifetime not the afterlife.” Would all Jewish people agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU [X265/10/01] Page six SIKHISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Sikhism in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Human Condition Marks “Victory to the Eternal One. May Almighty God protect us.” Ardas, a congregational prayer. (a) What do Sikhs mean when they describe God as “One”? (b) Describe one Sikh belief about God as Creator. (c) According to Sikhism, how do human beings become separated from God? (d) “It is very special to be born as a human being.” Would all Sikhs agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU 4 AE 2. The Goals (a) Apart from worship, state one thing which takes place regularly in the Gurdwara. (b) Why do Sikhs aim to escape from the cycle of life, death and rebirth? (c) Describe what Sikhs mean by “Naam Simran”. (d) “It is more helpful to pray at home than to worship in the Gurdwara.” Would all Sikhs agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 1 KU 2 KU 3 KU 4 AE [Turn over for SECTION TWO on Page eight Page seven [X265/10/01] Marks SECTION TWO MORALITY IN THE MODERN WORLD In this section there is one question for each of the optional areas of study. Candidates must only answer the question for their chosen area of study. 1. GENDER Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied Gender in the Morality in the Modern World Unit. How things have changed! (a) What has been the male role in the family in the past? (b) You have studied a secular viewpoint. contemporary male roles? In what way does it agree with 2 KU 4 KU (c) “Some religious people believe it is better to keep separate gender roles in society.” Do you agree with this viewpoint? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 4 KU 2 KU 4 AE (d) Why are equal opportunities for females important worldwide? (e) Describe a teaching used by religious people to support equal opportunities across the world. (f) How successful have religious people been in encouraging gender rights? Give two reasons for your answer. [X265/10/01] Page eight Marks 2. GLOBAL ISSUES Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied Global Issues in the Morality in the Modern World Unit. “World Leaders are to be urged to make the needs of the world’s poor their priority” Daily Globe (a) Describe one way natural disasters cause countries to urgently need resources. (b) You have studied a secular viewpoint. What does it say about fair trade? (c) 2 KU 4 KU Giving aid to developing countries keeps them looking for handouts. Would all religious people agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 2 KU 4 KU 4 AE (d) What makes global warming a moral issue? (e) Describe two ways the problems caused by global warming can be tackled by environmentalists. (f) How successful have religious people been in responding to global warming? Give two reasons for your answer. [Turn over [X265/10/01] Page nine Marks 3. MEDICAL ETHICS Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied Medical Ethics in the Morality in the Modern World Unit. (a) What is Genetic Selection? (b) State two arguments to support Genetic Selection. (c) What does HFEA state about the treatment of embryos? (d) 2 KU 2 KU 4 KU There is nothing wrong with using embryos for scientific research. Would all religious people agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 4 KU (e) Describe two circumstances in which euthanasia might be requested. (f) “Legalising euthanasia will only lead to people abusing it.” How far would a secular viewpoint agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE [X265/10/01] Page ten Marks 4. WAR AND PEACE Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied War and Peace in the Morality in the Modern World Unit. Nuclear submarine HMS Astute runs aground off Skye during sea trials. BBC News (a) State two reasons for possessing nuclear weapons. (b) Describe a religious viewpoint against having nuclear weapons. (c) “The use of conventional weapons is wrong.” How far would a secular viewpoint agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 2 KU 2 KU 4 AE 4 KU 4 KU (d) Describe two causes of war. (e) What does the UN Charter say about war? (f) “Fighting in a war and belief in God just don’t go together.” Would all religious people agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE [Turn over for SECTION THREE on Page twelve [X265/10/01] Page eleven Marks SECTION THREE EXISTENCE OF GOD Candidates must answer ALL questions in this section. In the beginning, God created the universe. Genesis 1 v 1 (a) Describe how God created the universe in Genesis 1. (b) What is the First Cause Argument for the existence of God? (c) “The First Cause Argument shows us that God must exist.” Do you agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 KU 4 KU 4 AE 4 KU (d) Describe the key points of the Theory of Evolution. (e) “Evolution proves that God did not create life.” How true is this statement? Give two reasons for your answer.

There are three Sections in this paper. Section 1 – World Religions This section has two questions for each World Religion. You should answer both of the questions on the World Religion you have studied. Answer either Buddhism or Christianity or Hinduism or Islam or Judaism or Sikhism. Section 2 – Morality in the Modern World This section has one question for each of the optional issues. You should answer all parts of the question relating to the issue you have studied. Answer either Gender or Global Issues or Medical Ethics or War and Peace. Section 3 – Existence of God This section has one mandatory question. You must answer all parts of the question in this section. The skills of knowledge and understanding (KU) and analysis and evaluation (AE) are being assessed in this paper. When answering each question you should note the number of marks allocated to each skill as indicated after each part of the question.

SA X265/10/01 6/2810

*X265/10/01*

©

SECTION ONE WORLD RELIGIONS Candidates must answer both questions for their chosen World Religion. BUDDHISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Buddhism in the World Religions Unit. 1.  The Human Condition

Marks

Centre of the Wheel of Life

(a) What are the three root poisons at the centre of the Wheel of Life? (b) State the Second Noble Truth. (c) According to Buddhists, what causes humans to suffer? (d) “No one can ever escape Samsara.” Would all Buddhists agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

3 KU 1 KU 2 KU

4 AE

2. The Goals It is important for Buddhists to show compassion.

(a) Why is it important for Buddhists to show compassion? (b) Describe how Buddhists could achieve positive Kamma. (c) What do Buddhists understand by Nibbana? (d) “Kamma is the most important belief for Buddhists.” Would all Buddhists agree? Give two reasons for your answer. Page two

2 KU 2 KU 2 KU

4 AE

[X265/10/01]

CHRISTIANITY Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Christianity in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Goals

Marks

Then he took a piece of bread, gave thanks to God, broke it and gave it to them. Luke 22 v 19 (a) What does the bread represent at communion? (b) Why is communion an important act of worship for Christians? (c) State two other ways in which Christians can worship God. (d) “It is better to worship God with others than on your own.” Would all Christians agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 1 KU 3 KU 2 KU

2. The Means

Very early on the Sunday morning the women went to the tomb. Luke 24 v 1 (a) Why were the women going to the tomb? (b) Describe what happened when the women arrived at the tomb. (c) State two ways in which Christians celebrate the festival of Easter. (d) “Belief in the resurrection of Jesus should affect how a Christian lives.” Would all Christians agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU

[X265/10/01]

Page three

[Turn over

HINDUISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Hinduism in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Human Condition

Marks

Brahma

(a) Brahma and Vishnu are two forms of Brahman. State the third form. (b) Why is Brahma important to Hindus? (c) Describe Hindu beliefs about reincarnation. (d) “Understanding the true nature of reality is important.” Would all Hindus agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

1 KU 2 KU 3 KU

4 AE

2. The Means

Mahatma Gandhi

(a) State the Hindu term for non-violence. (b) Describe one example of non-violence used by Mahatma Gandhi. (c) Why are the ashramas important for Hindus? (d) “A non-violent approach brings more difficulties than benefits.” Would all Hindus agree? Give two reasons for your answer. Page four [X265/10/01]

1 KU 2 KU 3 KU

4 AE

ISLAM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Islam in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Goals

Marks

(a) What do Muslims whisper in a new born baby’s ear? (b) State two other things which are done when a Muslim baby is born. (c) Describe why these ceremonies are carried out by the parents. (d) “Birth ceremonies are out of date now.” Would all Muslims agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

2 KU 2 KU 2 KU

4 AE

2. The Means

(a) Why are Muslims expected to go on Hajj? (b) State two groups of Muslims who would not be expected to go on Hajj. (c) Describe a benefit for Muslims going on Hajj. (d) “The most important part of Hajj is prayer at Arafat.” Would all Muslims agree? Give two reasons for your answer. Page five [Turn over

2 KU 2 KU 2 KU

4 AE

[X265/10/01]

Marks JUDAISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Judaism in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Human Condition

I believe in God the Creator.

(a) What do Jewish people mean by “God the Creator”? (b) In what ways do Jewish people believe humans are created in the image of God? (c) Describe how life changed for Adam and Eve after they ate the fruit. (d) “Human beings are basically good.” Would all Jewish people agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

2 KU 2 KU 2 KU

4 AE

2. The Goals

“Jews believe that there is a single God . . . with whom every Jew can have an individual and personal relationship.” BBC Website (a) State two things Jewish people do to keep their relationship with God. (b) What is a Mezuzah? (c) Describe what is meant by the Messianic Age. (d) “People should only concentrate on this lifetime not the afterlife.” Would all Jewish people agree? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 2 KU 2 KU 2 KU

[X265/10/01]

Page six

SIKHISM Reminder: You should answer both of these questions if you have studied Sikhism in the World Religions Unit. 1. The Human Condition

Marks

“Victory to the Eternal One. May Almighty God protect us.” Ardas, a congregational prayer.

(a) What do Sikhs mean when they describe God as “One”? (b) Describe one Sikh belief about God as Creator. (c) According to Sikhism, how do human beings become separated from God? (d) “It is very special to be born as a human being.” Would all Sikhs agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

2 KU 2 KU 2 KU

4 AE

2. The Goals

(a) Apart from worship, state one thing which takes place regularly in the Gurdwara. (b) Why do Sikhs aim to escape from the cycle of life, death and rebirth? (c) Describe what Sikhs mean by “Naam Simran”. (d) “It is more helpful to pray at home than to worship in the Gurdwara.” Would all Sikhs agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

1 KU 2 KU 3 KU

4 AE

[Turn over for SECTION TWO on Page eight Page seven

[X265/10/01]

Marks SECTION TWO MORALITY IN THE MODERN WORLD In this section there is one question for each of the optional areas of study. Candidates must only answer the question for their chosen area of study. 1. GENDER Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied Gender in the Morality in the Modern World Unit.

How things have changed!

(a) What has been the male role in the family in the past? (b) You have studied a secular viewpoint. contemporary male roles? In what way does it agree with

2 KU 4 KU

(c) “Some religious people believe it is better to keep separate gender roles in society.” Do you agree with this viewpoint? Give two reasons for your answer. 4 AE 4 KU 2 KU 4 AE

(d) Why are equal opportunities for females important worldwide? (e) Describe a teaching used by religious people to support equal opportunities across the world. (f) How successful have religious people been in encouraging gender rights? Give two reasons for your answer.

[X265/10/01]

Page eight

Marks 2. GLOBAL ISSUES Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied Global Issues in the Morality in the Modern World Unit.

“World Leaders are to be urged to make the needs of the world’s poor their priority” Daily Globe

(a) Describe one way natural disasters cause countries to urgently need resources. (b) You have studied a secular viewpoint. What does it say about fair trade? (c)

2 KU 4 KU

Giving aid to developing countries keeps them looking for handouts.

 

Would all religious people agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

4 AE 2 KU 4 KU 4 AE

(d) What makes global warming a moral issue? (e) Describe two ways the problems caused by global warming can be tackled by environmentalists. (f) How successful have religious people been in responding to global warming? Give two reasons for your answer.

[Turn over

[X265/10/01]

Page nine

Marks 3. MEDICAL ETHICS Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied Medical Ethics in the Morality in the Modern World Unit.

(a) What is Genetic Selection? (b) State two arguments to support Genetic Selection. (c) What does HFEA state about the treatment of embryos? (d)

2 KU 2 KU 4 KU

There is nothing wrong with using embryos for scientific research.

 

Would all religious people agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

4 AE 4 KU

(e) Describe two circumstances in which euthanasia might be requested. (f) “Legalising euthanasia will only lead to people abusing it.” How far would a secular viewpoint agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

4 AE

[X265/10/01]

Page ten

Marks 4. WAR AND PEACE Reminder: You should answer this question if you have studied War and Peace in the Morality in the Modern World Unit.

Nuclear submarine HMS Astute runs aground off Skye during sea trials. BBC News

(a) State two reasons for possessing nuclear weapons. (b) Describe a religious viewpoint against having nuclear weapons. (c) “The use of conventional weapons is wrong.” How far would a secular viewpoint agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

2 KU 2 KU

4 AE 4 KU 4 KU

(d) Describe two causes of war. (e) What does the UN Charter say about war? (f) “Fighting in a war and belief in God just don’t go together.” Would all religious people agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

4 AE

[Turn over for SECTION THREE on Page twelve

[X265/10/01]

Page eleven

Marks SECTION THREE EXISTENCE OF GOD Candidates must answer ALL questions in this section.

In the beginning, God created the universe. Genesis 1 v 1

(a) Describe how God created the universe in Genesis 1. (b) What is the First Cause Argument for the existence of God? (c) “The First Cause Argument shows us that God must exist.” Do you agree? Give two reasons for your answer.

4 KU 4 KU

4 AE 4 KU

(d) Describe the key points of the Theory of Evolution. (e) “Evolution proves that God did not create life.” How true is this statement? Give two reasons for your answer.

 

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