Topic:Ambivalenceof Janes Austens Mansfield Park in thecontextofearlyfeminism: Critical ironyregardingtheconventionsofgender in contrasttotheacceptanceofthestatus quo male-dominatedsociety in Regency England
Thesis:J.A´s MP canbeevaluatedfrom a feministperspective/ canberead/seen in contextofearlyfeminism/ as a socio-critic on genderfrom a feministperspective
includes: a teaserand lead-in tothetopicwith a historicaland/ orculturalcontextualisationofyourtopic (=approachingthetheme), How does your proposed work fit into the ongoing scholarly debate about the subject or related subjects?,Why choosen this thematic, whatistobeexamined, What is the scope of this study?, yourcentralquestionsandhypothesis (what is the problem, What is your working argument?) a briefoutlineofthestructureandapproachofyourresearchpaper, What problems or challenges do you anticipate?,which sources (spiritualist press, contemporarybooks, casestudies, tracts), why chosen them
• riseof feministliterarycriticism in the 1970sSincethenthequestionoftowhatextent Austen was a feminist writerhasbeenattheforefrontof Austen criticism
• Overall, thisthesisexamineshow……
• The paper will citethenovel MP of Jane Austen an othersourceswithinformation relevant tothetopic.
• The final paper will be an analysisofAusten´sidealsforwomen in contrastto her acceptanceofthestatus quo male-dominatedsociety
• Whenwritingthepaper, thereare different factorsthat will beput in toconsideration
1. Gendered Dynamics in Regency England
Gender roles, issuesofgender, womensrole/status/position, stereotyping, private sphere
Private educationwithfocus on Religion,
Ideal femalefeatures( e.gbeing ’’submissive, delicate, gentleandaffectionateetc……), Features whicharedespised (e.g „sense ofhumour, Irony, satireandwit“ do not contributeto a marriage’s well-being)
Women expectedtobeaccomplished: e.gabilitytodraw, singing, speaking modern languages, playing a instrumentManners, Morals
Marriage, womenfinanciallyandsociallydependent on men
Questionofwhy…women ‘accept’ theirsubordinateopposition in society
In 18th century, theconceptofFeminismhas just comeintoexistence, femalesstartedtostrivefortheirrights.
ConceptofFeminism: “Tory feminism” and “Enlightenmentfeminism”
‘Enlightenmentfeminism’ whichassertedthatmenandwomenshouldsharethe same moralcode in regardstoconduct, feelings, responsibility.
2. Literature/The Novel in theearly 19th Century in contextof Early Feminism/ socio-critic on genderfrom a feministperspective
The novel (the power ofthepen) hasprovidedwomenwriterswith a meansofexpressingdesireforchange.
Austen, makesgooduseoftheactofwritingandofthenovelas a genrewhensheempowerssomeof her womencharacters.
Medium ofthefiction, tochallengethegivengendereddynamic
Whatdidthenovelachieve, provide, accomplished?
Novel-writing was a suspectoccupationforwomen in theearly 19th century, becauseitimperiledtheirsocialreputationbybringingthempublicity, viewedasunfeminine. Therefore, likemanyotherfemalewriters, Austen publishedanonymously.
3. Mansfield Park: Critical ironyregardingtheconventionsofgender in contrastto her acceptanceofthestatus quo male-dominatedsociety in Regency England
J.A in MP: portrayer of women´s fate of her time
looking at texts from a gender-based approach, ie., how are women represented or constructed in MP? Identifying if and how questions of gender are addressed or occluded in MP
The maincharacter in Mansfield Park istheheroine, Fanny. Itisthrough her thatmanygenderissuesareconveyedandmenareabletodemonstratetheirauthoritative power.
Towhatextentisthefemaleheroine Fanny proactive in creating her ownprosperityandhappiness?Doessheovercome, subvertorsuccumbtopropertyandpatriarchytogainthisprosperity&happiness?
3.1 Feminist approach: Critical irony/Feminismrevelaed/socio-critic on genderfrom a feministperspective/ Austen displaysfeministawareness
MP portraysthedisadvantagedpositionofwoman, makesawarenessofwomenssecondclassposition in thesociety, presentingtheissuesofgenderstereotypingandmarriagechoice as the main problems they have toconfront
womendiscoveringtheirownidentityMP managestosuggest an alternative identityforwomenrealisationoffemaleselfhoodandthefulfilmentofwomen’sdesires, women’srighttoself-determination
Women Have the Same Intelligence and Rationality with Men
Women Should Try to Fight against the Feudal Code of Ethics and Learn Knowledge
Fanny representsfemaleresistancebyopposing Sir Thomas’sjudgement
From Fannys’s behavior, we can find the consciousness of MP´s feminism
Womans ability to reason
Fanny = Icon of white female identities?
3.2 romatictransport/ Acceptanceof male-dominatedsociety
While MP creates an awarenessofwomen’spre-determinedidentityandsubordination, itdoes not seemtosuggestthatanydrasticmeasuresshouldbetaken.
Though Fanny Price is a strong, independentthinkerand a morallysuperiorwoman, sheappearstobesubmissive in a class-conscious, patriarchal society =>Fanny´sdependence…
solid influence Sir Thomas hasoverthelivesofthewomen in thehousehold; authoritative power over Fanny.
4. Aussicht (Rozema, Geldnote)
Impact on British mediaculture
It is significant to study Jane Austen’s novel Mansfield Park from the aspect of feminism. The points that MP considers/ The points that Jane Austen considered: human nature, marriage, family, relationship between women and men, are still vital topics to modern women and men.
By analyzing Austen’s Mansfield Park, from the point of feminism, I draw a conclusion that Jane Austen MP can be in fact seen in a feminist context….
MP = an anticipatory socio-critical approach from a feminist perspective
6. References (EXAMPLES, RECOMMONDATIONS!)
6.1 Primary sources
Austen, Jane: Mansfield Park
Wolstonecraft, Mary: Vindication of Rights
6.2 Secondary sources
Armstrong, I. 1988. Jane Austen: Mansfield Park. Penguin Critical Studies. London: Penguin.
Butler, M. 1987. Jane Austen andthe War ofIdeas. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Eagleton, M. 1996. Working with Feminist Criticism. Cambridge: Blackwell.
Evans, M. 1987. Jane Austen andthe State. London: Tavistock Publications.
Gilbert, S.M. andGubar, S. 1979. The Madwoman in theAttic: The Woman Writer andthe 19th Century Literary Imagination. New Haven: Yale UP.
Johnson, C.L. 1988. Jane Austen: Women Politics andtheNovel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Levine, P. 1987. VictorianFeminism: 1850-1900. Tallahassee: The Florida State University.
Waldron, Mary. Jane Austen andthefictionof her time. Cambridge University Press, 1999
Bilger, Audrey, LaughingFeminism: Subversive Comedy in Frances Burney, Maria Edgeworth and Jane Austen (Detroit, MI: Michigan State University, 2002).
Harris, Alexandra, Romantic Moderns: English Writers, Artistsandthe Imaginationfrom Virginia Woolf to John Piper (London: Thamesand Hudson, 2010).
Johnson, Claudia L., EquivocalBeings: Politics, Gender andSentimentality in the1790s: Wollstonecraft, Radcliffe, Burney, Austen (Chicago, IL: University ofChicago Press, 1995).
Jones, Vivien, ‘Post-feminist Austen’, Critical Quarterly, 52 (2011), 65–82.
Kirkham, Margaret, Jane Austen: Feminismand Fiction (London: Athlone Press,1997).
Knox-Shaw, Peter, Jane Austen andtheEnlightenment(Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press, 2004).
Looser, Devoney, Jane Austen andtheDiscoursesofFeminism(New York: St Martin’sPress, 1995).
Looser, Devoney, Women Writersand Old Age in Great Britain, 1750- 1850
McGann, Jerome J., The RomanticIdeology: A Critical Investigation (Chicago, IL:University of Chicago Press, 1983).
Tauchert, Ashley, Romancing Jane Austen: Narrative, RealismandthePossibilityof aHappy Ending(Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2005).
Todd, Janet, ed., Jane Austen in Context(Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress, 2005).