The Illiad by Homer Book VI (800 bce) Greek
The Aenid by Virgil, Bk I (1st C, BCE) Roman
The Life of Lycurgus, [Spartan Life] by Plutarch (legend from the 9th C. bce) -3
Pericles’ Funeral Oration, [Athenian Life] fr. The Peloponnesian War by Thucydides (5th C. bce) –
“Reports of the Etruscans,” c. 430 BCE – 10 CE
Herodotus: The Histories, c. 430 BCE, I.94
Livy: History of Rome, c. 10 CE (at same site)
Ammianus Marcellinus (c.330-395 CE):
History, XIV.16: The Luxury of the Rich in Rome, c. 400 CE.
On the City of Rome, From the Third Satire by Juvenal, circa 100 CE.
Sermon on the Mount, Gospel of Matthew, Chap. 5, 27 CE –
First Council of Nicaea Text, 325 CE –
Histories by Tacitus, a Roman Historian, Chapter 5 of the subjugation of Judea, 1st century CE.
Procopius of Caesarea: Alaric’s Sack of Rome, 410 CE
In each essay assignment, please read all documents and choose one of the sets of primary documents assigned and write a minimum 500 word essay, answering these questions about the documents you chose. In all subject matter of the following paragraphs, compare and contrast the similarities and differences of the two documents you have chosen through elements such as time periods; cultures of the subjects; backgrounds of the authors; intended audience for the document; political and/or economic conditions; religion and church institutions; geography and the dynamics of place.
1. (4 pts) Paragraph #1 = From whom did these documents originate? – where? – when? –and why? Compare and contrast the similarites and differences of their origins and intent.
2. (4 pts) Paragraph #2 = How do these documents fit into the cause and effect cycle of history? How are their contexts similar and how are they different?
3. (4 pts) Paragraph #3 = How do these documents further your understanding of the historical era from which they came? What impressed you about their similarities and/or differences?
4. (3 pts) Please quote 2 short passages, 1 from each of the documents in any 2 of the 3 paragraphs above as supportive context for your essay.
Please follow this rubric for formating your essay into the 3 designated paragraphs.