Due: Monday, March 3, 2014
Choose one question from each section below. Your answer should be in the form of a five-paragraph essay, with an introduction and a conclusion, and between two and five paragraphs that address ALL parts of the question. Pay close attention to the time periods outlined in each question. Style and mechanics will be graded, as well as content. Each essay will be worth 20 points on your exam grade. Make sure that you upload your essays to the dropbox by the deadline on the day of the final. No late essays will be accepted.
This section requires you to use knowledge and examples from the entire course. Pay close attention to the time frame outlined by each question. Your answer to this question should be 2-4 pages in length. Do one essay from this section.
1) Examine the role of the Catholic Church in the development of western civilization. Start with the development of the Catholic Church under Emperor Constantine, and work up to the Reformation. How did the Catholic Church influence politics and life in Western Europe? What were the internal and external issues that plagued the Church over the years? How did these issues eventually fuel the Reformation?
2) Examine the growing centralization of power in European states from the High Middle Ages through the 18th century. How did European states begin to develop centralized institutions during the medieval period? Did all states manage to create a government with central authority over the whole country? Why or why not? Give specific examples. Then discuss the development of absolutism in Europe. Why were states able to create absolute monarchies in the 17th and 18th centuries?