1. One of the most interesting approaches taken by neoclassical and romantic artists was to cast a secular subject in such a way that it subtly or boldly reminded the viewer of a religious subject. Discuss one or two examples of this approach, exploring how it affected the content of the painting.
2. One of the most important aspects of Romanticism in England was the emergence of landscape painting as an important and respected genre, but there were vast differences in the way landscape was depicted. Contrast the styles of Constable and Turner, focusing on the different aspects of landscape that they chose to paint and the effect that they intended their paintings to have on the viewer.
3. Impressionism is often considered a continuation of French realism. Compare and contrast the two, using an example of ‘first generation’ realism and any Impressionist work illustrated in the textbook to make the point that impressionism either a continuation of realism or a decisive break with that style.
* For each essay, you will be given a choice of at least two questions from which you will choose one question to answer as your essay.
* Your paper must answer the question, using examples of specific monuments and or works of art, as well as terms, dates, etc. from your readings and from the lectures. It is not necessary for you to refer to other texts in order to write these essays.
* Your paper should provide:
1. an introduction in which you provide an overview of your answer to the question and states the thesis of your essay.
2. a body in which you outline, in logical order, the specific examples that best support your thesis and how they support your thesis.
3. a conclusion in which you explain the appropriateness and validity of your thesis through the examples you have given.
* Length: Your answer should be one double-spaced page. This is approximately 250 total words. Papers longer than one page will earn no credit.
* Margins: One inch margins top, bottom, right and left.
* Font: use a 12 point Times New Roman font. Do not use bold script.
* In general, do not describe objects and/or monuments unless a particular detail refers directly to the point you are making.
* You are encouraged to use works of art discussed in Stokstad that are not among works discussed in class. Do not use any outside sources. The information from Stokstad is enough.
* Reference to monuments or objects: When referring to a specific monument or work of art, copy the title as given in Stokstad, and provide the image number in Stokstad in parentheses right after the reference. It is only necessary for you to provide the Stokstad image number the first time you refer to a work.
• Example: RIGHT: The Portinari Altarpiece, by Hugo van der Goes (18-16) is an excellent example of fifteenth-century Flemish painting.
• Example: WRONG: The Portinari Altarpiece, by Hugo van der Goes is an excellent example of fifteenth-century Flemish painting.
• Examples of painting and sculpture are usually italicized or underlined to show that they are the title of a work of art. EXAMPLE: Hugo van der Goes’ Portinari Altarpiece.